Krishnagiri district

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Krishnagiri District
கிருஷ்ணகிரி மாவட்டம்
Krishnagiri Mavattam
District
Paddy fields near Krishnagiri
Paddy fields near Krishnagiri
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°31′4.8″N 78°12′46.8″E / 12.518000°N 78.213000°E / 12.518000; 78.213000Coordinates: 12°31′4.8″N 78°12′46.8″E / 12.518000°N 78.213000°E / 12.518000; 78.213000
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
Division krishnagiri
Municipal Corporations Krishnagiri
Headquarters krishnagiri
Talukas Krishnagiri
Government
 • Collector T. P. Rajesh IAS
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 1,879,809
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 635xxx
Telephone code 04343
ISO 3166 code [[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]
Vehicle registration TN-24,TN-70[2]
Largest city Hosur
Largest metro Hosur
Central location: 12°31′N 78°12′E / 12.517°N 78.200°E / 12.517; 78.200
Website krishnagiri.nic.in

Krishnagiri is a district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The municipal town of Krishnagiri is the district headquarters. In Tamil Nadu, E-Governance was first introduced at Krishnagiri district under the National e-Governance Project (NEGP) in Revenue, Social Welfare departments on a pilot basis.[3][4] The district is one of the largest producers of Mangoes not only in Tamil Nadu but throughout India.[5] As of 2011, the district had a population of 1,879,809 with a sex-ratio of 958 females for every 1,000 males

Etymology[edit]

'Krishna' refers to 'black' and 'giri' refers to 'hill'. Thus, 'Krishnagiri' refers to 'Black Hill'. This district is gifted with black granite hillocks and named as 'Krishnagiri'. Also, the region came under the rule of Krishna Deva Raya and hence it might also have been named after him.[6]

History[edit]

Krishnagiri Fort

on and significant features of the Krishnagiri division, Krishnagiri District was formed as the 30th district separate district of Tamil Nadu on February 9, 2004. Thiru. Mangat Ram Sharma, I.A.S has administered the office as first Collector of Krishnagiri District.though Krishnagiri is the district headquarters the largest town is Hosur Krishnagiri District was formed by carving out five Taluks and ten blocks of the erstwhile composite Dharmapuri District as the 30th district of Tamil Nadu on 9th Feb. 2004. ‘Krishna’ refers to black and ‘giri’ refers to hill. This district is gifted with black granite hillocks and named as Krishnagiri....

District Administration[edit]

District Collector is the head of the Krishnagiri District Administration. Krishnagiri district is divided into 2 divisions and 5 Taluks for the purpose of Revenue Administration. Revenue Divisional Officer heads the divisions and Tahsildar is the head of taluk level administration.

Development administration in this district is coordinated by the Panchayat Unions (also called as Blocks) for the rural areas. There are about 10 Panchayat Unions, 7 Town Panchayats, 352 Village Panchayats and 636 Revenue Villages in this district.

Krishnagiri district comprises two revenue divisions Krishnagiri and Hosur. There are five taluks namely Krishnagiri, Hosur, Pochampalli, Uthangarai and Denkanikottai. There are 12 Panchayat Unions as follows: Kelamangalam, Thalli,Anchetti, Krishnagiri, Shoolagiri, Vepanapalli, Hosur, Kaveripattinam, Bargur, Pochampalli Mathur and Uthangarai.

Geography & Climate[edit]

Krishnagiri district covers an area of 5143 km². Krishnagiri district is bound by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai districts to the East, State of Karnataka to the west, State of Andhra Pradesh to the North and Dharmapuri District to the south. This district is elevated from 300m to 1400m above the mean sea level. It is located between 11° 12' N and 12° 49' N latitude, 77° 27' E to 78° 38' E longitude.

Taluk H.Q Latitude (N) Longitude (E)
Krishnagiri Taluk 12o32’44” 78o13’36”
Pochampalli Taluk 12o20’ 78o22’
Uthangarai Taluk 12o15’ 78o33’
Hosur Taluk 12o48’ 77o50’23”
Denkanikottai Taluk 12o02’ 77o47’

It basically has a mountainous terrain. The flatlands are irrigated by the South Pennar River. The eastern part of the district experiences hot climate and the western part contrastingly has a pleasant climate. The average rainfall is 830 mm per annum. March - June is the summer season. July - November is the Rainy Season and during December - February winter prevails.

Year Rain fall (in mm)
2001–2002 825.700
2002–2003 521.600
2003–2004 1075.600
2004–2005 230.620
2005–2006 1262.800

Net Cultivated, Irrigated, Double, Multiple Cropped, Cultivable Wasteland, Water land and Forest

Classification Geo. Extent (Ha)
Forest 202409 39%
Banner and uncultivable waste 24194 5%
Land put to non agricultural uses 21466 4%
Cultivable waste 6341 1%
Permanent pastures and other grassing lands 7378 1%

Transportation[edit]

Aerial view of Hosur

The following major roads pass through Krishnagiri

Highways[edit]

Start/End Point NH No. Kilometers
Kanniyakumari–Varanasi 7 2460
Krishnagiri–Ranipet 46 144
Pondicherry–Krishnagiri 66 214
Krishnagiri–Madanapalli 219 175
Sarjapur–Bagalur–Hosur 207 40

Railways[edit]

Salem, Bangalore Broad gauge line run through Hosur. A railway line between Jolarpet and Hosur (Via) Krishnagiri will pave way for further improvement of industrial growth in Hosur. This will link Chennai city and its port facilities with the growing town of Hosur, which is also a hub for horticulture crops. However this will take some time for realization. As per new budget report, the proposed new line would take off from Jolarpet Junction, Tirupattur and pass through Kandili, Bargur, Krishnagiri and Shoolagiri a length of 104 km to join at Rayakottai. Another survey was conducted for a new rail link between Krishnagiri and Dharmapuri in 2004-05.

Public Amenities[edit]

Irrigation (Canal, Tube Wells, Wells, Tanks) etc[edit]

Krishnagiri Reservoir Project Dam

The Public Works Department and Panchayat union tanks, ponds and supply channels plays an important role in the irrigation of Krishnagiri district. But they have to be desilted and strengthened. New Check Dams and flood protection walls have to be constructed for water conservation.

Electricity[edit]

Street lighting in rural areas vested with the Panchayat Administration. The panchayats looks after the erection of new streetlights in the hamlets, payment of current consumption charges from the panchayat funds. Also the procurement of tube lights, sodium vapor lights and other electrical appliances are done by the connected panchayats itself. Now solar lights are also being utilized to cut down on consumption cost. Overall, 95% of the hamlets are covered under Rural Electrification.

Generally the power supply position in Krishnagiri District is normal. But in some areas low voltage problem is felt, especially in the hamlets in ghat section. To minimize the current consumption charges in the panchayats, efforts were taken to utilize solar power lights as an alternate and renewable source in Krishnagiri District.

Educational and Vocational Training Institutes etc[edit]

There is a Community Polytechnic run by the Government in Krishnagiri District. Also, the TAHDCO (Tamil Nadu Adi Dravidar Housng Development Corporation) offers Nursing and Catering Training under Vocational Training courses through private training institutions to people belonging to SC / ST communities. Also skill training is given to scavengers under NSLRS scheme by TAHDCO. The Government as well as private organizations in Krishnagiri District run the following schools and training institutions.

Education centers no.
Primary Schools 988
Middle schools 107
High schools 113
Hr. Sec. Schools 72
Industrial Training Institutions 5
Music school 1
Teachers Training School 2
Polytechnic 4
Engineering College 5
Arts & Science College 8

Demographics[edit]

Shiva temple at Hosur

According to 2011 census, Krishnagiri district had a population of 1,879,809 with a sex-ratio of 958 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[7] A total of 217,323 were under the age of six, constituting 112,832 males and 104,491 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 14.22% and 1.19% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 63.2%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[7] The district had a total of 448,053 households. There were a total of 877,779 workers, comprising 218,600 cultivators, 197,369 main agricultural labourers, 15,237 in house hold industries, 310,795 other workers, 135,778 marginal workers, 17,438 marginal cultivators, 65,959 marginal agricultural labourers, 6,681 marginal workers in household industries and 45,700 other marginal workers.[8]

The district exhibits the confluence of different languages and religions. Three languages namely Tamil, Telugu and Kannada are predominantly spoken in this district. Major religions are Hinduism, Islam and Christianity.

Economy[edit]

  • Krishnagiri district is famous for Mangoes. Krishangiri district is also famous for the Granite Industry with quarries and processing units spread around the district. Hosur, one of the most industrialized places in the state is located in this district.
  • With 40% share, the district is the top producer of Ragi in Tamil Nadu.[9]

Agriculture[edit]

The important crops of Krishnagiri District are Paddy, Maize, Ragi, Banana, Sugarcane, Cotton, Tamarind, Coconut, Mango, Groundnut, Vegetables and Flowers. The district has an excellent scope for agri business. Regional Agricultural Research Center of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University is functioning efficiently at Paiyur in Kaveripattinam union since 1973. This center is functioning in 18.5 hec. of land. It helps the peasants to develop and adopt the modern technique of cultivation. It has developed hybrid seeds by research which yields more tonnage and good quality.

production area(hectares)
paddy 20,687
ragii 48,944
other minor crops 11,937
pulses 48,749
sugarcane 50,000
Mangoes 30,017
Coconut 13,192
Tamarind 1,362
Other Crops 43,199

Mining and Forestry based activities[edit]

Mining In Krishnagiri District, quarry leases are being granted for granite in Patta lands and rough stone and earth quarry leases are being granted in Government and patta lands under Tamil Nadu Minor Mineral Concession Rules 1959. Public works Department (WRO wing) is operating sand quarry in riverbeds. A state owned corporation called Tamil Nadu Metals and Mineral Ltd is also earning quarry / Mining grants etc. in Government lands. The total mineral revenue realized during the year 2006-07 is Rs. 7.45 crores. It is ascertained that nearly 7,000 workers are being engaged in quarry activities.

Forestry based activities As Krishnagiri District has 2,02,409 hectares of forest land which constitutes 39% of the total geographical area, there are abundant produce from the forest areas. Bamboo products, honey collection and tamarind production are the forestry land activities found in Anchetty, Denkanikotta, Thally and Berigai areas. This has generated employment opportunities to thousands of rural people in these areas.

Animal Husbandry and Fisheries[edit]

Fisheries
Details about the revenue in Fisheries up to 15.07.2007

Name of the Reservoir Target(MT) Achievement Revenue Collection (Rs) Fishermen benefited / Amount
Krishnagiri Dam 51.0 6.810 4844 23/4844
Pambaru Dam 30 2.018 13570 16/13570
Kelavarppalli Dam 29.0 15.110 95387 30/95387
Barur Lake 284.0 17.600 124600 37/124600
Chinnaru Dam 6.8 0.931 10410 5/10410
Mayil Ravanan Lake 3.0 0.164 820 1/820
Ramanayakan Lake 4.0 0.273 2305 1/2305
paraiyur lake 2.0 0.216 1869 1/1260

Animal Husbandry
In Krishnagiri District the annual income in the Animal Husbandry Sector as follows for the year 2006-07.

Classification Income received
Milk 24,94,926
Egg 3,88,192
Pork 1,54,496
Sale of livestocks 4,21,578
Miscellaneous 13,55,244
Artificial Insemination 5,79,898
LN 2 (Liquid Nitrogen) 1,27,819
Total income 55,22,153

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Excel).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ www.tn.gov.in
  3. ^ "e-Governance in Pilot Basis". TNeGA. 
  4. ^ "CM to inaugurate e-Governance scheme in Krishnagiri". The Hindu. Sep 23, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Arab political world's uncertainty shakes Mango export of India". BBC. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Krishnagiri Etymology". District Admin., Krishnagiri. 
  7. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Krishnagiri district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  9. ^ http://www.tn.gov.in/deptst/agriculture.pdf

External links[edit]