Krishnahari Baral (born 4 January 1954) is a Nepali lyricist, songwriter, poet, literary critic, and author who is professor of Nepali at Central Department of Nepali, Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu. Dr. Baral has written more than forty books including course books, literary criticisms, and collection of lyric poetry.
Baral was born in a middle-class family on 4 January 1954 in Hatpate, Sindhuli, Nepal. He spent most of his early childhood in the same village and near the bank of Kamala River. He grew up in an environment where his grandmother was an amateur lyricist, putting her own words in local folk tunes and then singing them, while his grandfather was regularly reciting verses from Hindu epics. His father, Khadananda Baral is a farmer and his mother, Padma Kumari Baral died early in his childhood. He started writing lyric poetry when he was in grade five.
There was no high school in the village at that time. So, he moved to Janakpur in 1967 and joined Shri Saraswati Multi Purpose High School. Janakpur was a much larger and more developed city than his home village. Here, he was exposed to Hindi movies, which often had songs with melodious tunes and great lyrics. In 1973, he first published two lyrics in Usha magazine.
After completing undergraduate studies in Janakpur, he moved to Kathmandu in 1977. The same year, his lyrics ‘Ma Bhakta Hu Yo Desko (I am a devotee of this nation)' was sung and recorded for the first time in Radio Nepal. He got married in 1981 to Sushma Baskota. His wife gave birth to their first child, a daughter in 1982 AD, followed by another daughter in 1986 and a son in 1987. He completed Masters Degree and PhD in Nepali from Tribhuwan University. Currently he is a professor of Nepali literature at Central Department of Nepali, Tribhuwan University.
He has written books of linguistics, collection of lyric poetry, and literary criticism. He has co-written course books on Nepali from grade one to masters Level also. He published many of his books after 1994, which include 'Bhasa Bigyan Ra Nepali Bhasa (Linguistics and Nepali Language)' in 1994, followed by 'Sandristi (Critique Collection)' and, 'Upanyas Sidhdhanta ra Nepali Upanyas (Theory of Novel and Nepali Novels)' in 1999, 'Kabi Bhupi: Bishleshan ra Mulyankan (Poet Bhupi: Analysis and Evaluation)' in 2001, 'Geet Sidhdhanta Ra Itihas (Theory and History of Lyrics)' in 2004, and 'Bastuparak Samalochana (Objective Critique)' in 2005. His lyrics collections are 'Ek Phool, Anek Patra (Single Flower, Myriad Mails)' published in 1995 and 'Geetkar Krishnahari Baral: Srijana ra Samalochana (Lyricist Krishnahari Baral: Creation and Critique)' published in 2002. The latest among his books is 'Ghazal: Sidhdanta Ra Parampara (Ghazal: Theory and Chronicle)', published in 2008.
His career as lyricist began when he was fascinated by a radio program and its hosts (Devi Sharma and Pandav Sunuwar) during his youth. He wrote a letter to the program which was broadcast on air. Later in a meeting, they who suggested that he should write lyrics, and he did so. Almost 400 of them have been recorded. He has contributed many solo albums, numerous published songs, and two song collections. Some critics have even called him ‘magician of words’ and ‘lyricist of lyricists’. He has received most of the nation’s major awards for his contribution in song writing, which include the ‘Chhinnalata Musical Award (2000 AD)’, the ‘Nai Kalanidhi Musical Award (1999 AD)’ and many others. Recently, by Kantipur FM, a leading FM station, he was named to be the lyricist whose songs were aired the most throughout a year.
He has also written books on criticism of novels, and dramas as well. His PhD thesis was about criticism of ghazal, a genre of lyric poetry common to many Middle Eastern and South Asian cultures..
As a lyricist
The patriotic songs are usually about the geographical and historical contexts of Nepal as well as the bravery shown by Nepalese warriors and martyrs. They also contain the message that Nepalese should build their nation on their own.
As a Literary Critic
His journey of criticism began in 80's with the publication of his first critique "Rupmati Upanyas: Adhuniktako Prashna (Rupmati Novel: Matter of Modern times)". Now his theoretical as well as practical critique creations have spread to different genres like Novels, Poems, Songs, Ghazals, Essays etc. His works have been published in many books and articles.
Some of his critiques are focused entirely on the works of an individual, while others are detailed analysis of various subject matters and their historical account. Whereas "Geet Sidhdhanta Ra Itihas (Theory and History of Lyrics)", "Ghazal: Sidhdanta Ra Parampara (Ghazal: Theory and Chronicle)" and "Upanyas Sidhdhanta ra Nepali Upanyas (Novel theory and Nepali Novels)" contain theoretical stuff as well as the entire history of songs, ghazals and novels respectively, "Kabi Bhupi: Bishleshan ra Mulyankan (Poet Bhupi: Analysis and Evaluation)" is limited to thorough examination of works of poet Bhupi Sherchan. Besides, "Sandristi (Critique Collection)" and "Bastuparak Samalochana (Objective Critique)" are collections of many scattered analytical essays.
Depending upon the situation, his works are found to have formulated new theories also. His analysis technique is basically objective and he is of the school of thought that creations should not be examined from a single point of view only. Baral's works, packed with solid subject matter and decorated by crafty language, are valuable in the collection of Nepali Literary Criticism. Historically, among Nepali critiques, Baral's name comes after Motiram Bhatta, Suryabikram Gyawali, Ramkrishna Sharma, Dr. Taranath Sharma, Dr. Ishwor Baral, Dr. Basudev Tripathi, and Indra Bahadur Rai.
As an Author
In addition to being a lyricist and a critic, Mr. Baral is involved in other fields too. He has made an important contribution by writing many course books. Most of those books are co-written. Among them, "Bhasa Bigyan Ra Nepali Bhasa (Linguistics and Nepali Language)" is co-written with Prof. Mohanraj Sharma and remaining course books with Netra Atom.
He has published Nepali Grammar books for students from Grade 1 up to Grade 10. These consist of "Sachitra Bal Byakaran (Children's Grammar with Illustrations)" for grade 1-5, "Nimna Madhyamik Nepali Byakaran (Lower Secondary Nepali Grammar)" for grade 6, 7 & 8 and "Madhyamik Nepali Byakaran (Secondary Nepali Grammar)" for grade 9 & 10. He has also published "Anibarya Nepali Byakaran, Abhibyakti ra Abhyas (Compulsory Nepali Grammar, Expression and Exercise)" for I.A., +2 & B.A. and "Sadharan Nepali (Simple Nepali)" for B.Ed. He has provided foreword in many books of many writers too.
- Former president of Nepali Lyricist Association
- Professor of Nepali– Central Department of Nepali, Tribhuvan University
- Assistant Lecturer of Nepali– Mahendra Ratna Campus, Tahachal, Tribhuvan University(1986)
- Advisor – Tanneri Magazine
- Advisor – Pyas Magazine
• Collection of lyrical poems
- Ek Phool Anek Patra
- Geetkar Krishna Hari Baral: Srijana ra Samalochana edited by Netra Atom)
- The lyric poetry of Dr. Krishnahari Baral (English translation)
• Literary Criticisms
- Kabi Bhupi, Bishleshan ra Mulyankan
- Geet: Siddhanta ra Itihas
- Bastuparak Samalochana
- Ghazal: Siddhanta ra Parampara.
- Upanyas Siddhanta ra Nepali Upanyas –(coauthor)
- Upanyasko Bisleshan
- Bhasabigyan ra Nepali Bhasa – (Mohan raj sharma)
- Bastuparak Samalochana
- Abhibyaktiko Utkhanan
- Katha Siddantha
• Course Book
- Nepali Akhyan ra Natak (B.A.)
- Nepali Katha ra Upanyas (B.Ed.)
- Sadharan Nepali (B.Ed.) (Hajurko Pasal)
- Anibarya Nepali (B.A.) (Bidhyarthi Pustak Bhandar)
- Anibarya Nepali (I.A.)
- Anibarya Nepali (10+2)
- Madhyamik Nepali Byakaran – 10 (Taleju Publication, Kathmandu)
- Madhyamik Nepali Byakaran – 9
- Madhyamik Nepali Byakaran – 8
- Nimna Madhyamik Nepali Byakaran – 7
- Nimna Madhyamik Nepali Byakaran – 6
- Sachitra Bal Byakaran 5
- Sachitra Bal Byakaran 4
- Sachitra Bal Byakaran 3
- Sachitra Bal Byakaran 2
- Sachitra Bal Byakaran 1
• Text Book
- Nepali Dipika – 8 – (Bharat Bhattarai)
- Nepali Dipika – 7
- Nepali Dipika – 6
- Nepali Dipika – 5
- Nepali Dipika – 4
- Nepali Dipika – 3
- Nepali Dipika – 2
- Nepali Dipika – 1
- Rajani Mala, Rajani Publication
- Rajani Magazine
- Rishaideu na binti. Music Nepal
- Hallaharu. Music Nepal
- Safalatam. Save the children
- Ki ta timi man parchhyau, Music Nepal
- Bimba, Music Nepal
- Sambhavana, Music Plus
- Maya, Music Plus
- Lokarpan, Bindabasini Music Center
•Lyrics contribution in songs of Motion Picture (list of Nepalese films):
- Maya Baiguni
- Nai nabhannu la
- Chhabilal Kanjus Chhaina
- Arjun Dev
- Hasideu Ek Phera
- Sarba Shrestha Geetkar– Pratham Video Chalachitra Mahotsav
- First Prize (Nationwide Poem Competition held by INHURED)
- Chhinalata Geet Purashkar (Song Award)
- Bhupalman Singh Yuva Sahitya Award
- Sarbotkrista Geet Purashkar - Gorkha FM
- Bahadur Singh Smriti Purashkar
- Best Lyricist (All valley inter-school singing competition)
- Nai-kalanidhi Sangeet Samman
- Maha Kavi Devkota Sata Barsiki Samman (Rautahat)
- Green Lawns Academy Samman
- Nepal Sanskritik Sangh Samman
- Bal Srijanalaya Secondary School Samman
- Kumari Club Samman
- Sindhuli Sahitya Abhinandan
- Dovan Pratibha Samman
- Music Nepal Samman
- Ghazalshri Samman
- Sindhuliya Shrestha Samaj Samman
- Kantipur FM Samman
- "Prez unleashes Dr Baral's lyrical poetry". The Himilayan. July 24, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2013. "President Dr Ram Baran Yadav released 'The Lyric Poetry', a compilation of songs by Dr Krishna Hari Baral in the capital on Tuesday."
- Kabita Karmacharya. "Chat with Dr. Krishnahari Baral". Nepal Media Online. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Arjun Raj Poudel. "I Enjoy Writing Lyrics". The Rising Nepal. Retrieved September 4, 2013. "Lyricist Dr. Krishnahari Baral is one of the most successful contemporary lyricists of Nepal."
- "A Young Hit". Nepal News (New Spotlight Magazine). June 17, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2013. "lyrics by veterans like .. Krishna Hari Baral"
- Gita Sapkota. "I Bunked Off Class And Watched Movies: Baral". The Rising Nepal. Retrieved September 4, 2013. "one of the most popular lyricists in the realm of Nepali song"
- "Musician Sharma makes debut". Pacific Asia Travel Association (Nepal Chapter). Retrieved September 4, 2013. "..renowned lyricist Dr. Krishna Hari Baral.."
- Krishnahari Baral, official website