Kristian Anker was born in Odense, Denmark. He attended the Galtrug Folkschool 1870-71 and the Sagatun Folk High School (Norwegian: Sagatun folkehøyskole) in Hamar, Norway from 1872-73. He was a teacher 1873-80 at Galtrup Folk School and Krogsballe Folk School in Humlebæk, Denmark. He attended the Seminary at Askov Folkschool (Danish: Askov Højskole) in Vejen Municipality, Denmark from 1880-81. He was ordained as a Lutheran Minister on September 25, 1881. He subsequently immigrated to the United States during 1881.
In 1894, Kristian Anker helped organize The Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in North America, commonly known as North Church. In 1894, Pastor Kristian Anker, then owner and principal of Elk Horn Højskole, sold it to the newly formed North Church for use as a seminary and college. Elk Horn Højskole in Elk Horn, Iowa was the first Danish style Folk high school in America. Founded in 1878, it served Danish immigrants and drew them to Elk Horn in great numbers. From 1894 to 1909 Peter Sørensen Vig would serve as principal as well as an instructor at the seminary.
In 1896, the North Church and the Blair Church, which had been formed in 1884, came together to form the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (commonly known as the United Church). When the two Churches merged, the North Church seminary was consolidated with Trinity Seminary in Blair, Nebraska. That same year, the college-level preparatory classes that had been offered at Trinity Seminary were consolidated with those offered at Elk Horn College. In 1899, leaders of the United Church voted to relocate all college-level classes to the Blair campus. When the departments of Elk Horn Højskole were transferred to Trinity Seminary, Kristian Anker came with them as president of the merged institutions. Kristian Anker served as President of Trinity Seminary (1899–1902) and Dana College (1899–1905).
- Former Minister's Wife Passed Away - Mrs. Kr. Anker (Audubon County Journal (Iowa) Aug. 30, 1923) 
- Anker, Kristian (Christian Cyclopedia. The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod) 
- St. Stephen's Evangelical Lutheran Church (75th Anniversary booklet, 1950) 
- Founded April 25, 1875 as Danish Evangelical Lutheran Congregation (Elk Horn Lutheran Church) 
- Elk Horn Højskole Folk School (Dana College)
- A Biographical Directory of Pastors who served in the American Evangelical Lutheran Church (The Danish Church) 1871–1962 (by Enok Mortensen 
- E. Mortensen, Stories from Our Church (Des Moines, Iowa: 1952)
- P. C. Nyholm, The Americanization of the Danish Lutheran Churches (Copenhagen: 1963)
- J. M. Jensen, The United Evangelical Lutheran Church: An Interpretation (Minneapolis, Mn: 1964)
- Foght, Harold Waldstein Rural Denmark and its Schools (MacMillan New York: 1915)
- Schwieder, Dorothy Iowa: The Middle Land (University Of Iowa Press: 1996)
- Vig, P. S. Dansk Luthersk Mission i Amerika i Tiden för 1884 (Blair, Nebraska: 1917) Norwegian