Kromberk

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Kromberk
Kromberk: Virgin Mary Comforter of the Afflicted Church
Kromberk: Virgin Mary Comforter of the Afflicted Church
Kromberk is located in Slovenia
Kromberk
Kromberk
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°57′32.94″N 13°40′6.88″E / 45.9591500°N 13.6685778°E / 45.9591500; 13.6685778Coordinates: 45°57′32.94″N 13°40′6.88″E / 45.9591500°N 13.6685778°E / 45.9591500; 13.6685778
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Slovenian Littoral
Statistical region Gorizia
Municipality Nova Gorica
Area
 • Total 8.94 km2 (3.45 sq mi)
Elevation 135.4 m (444.2 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 1,820
[1]

Kromberk (pronounced [ˈkɾoːmbɛɾk]; Italian: Moncorona, German: Cronberg bei Görz) is a settlement in the Municipality of Nova Gorica in western Slovenia.[2] Although it officially has the status of a village, together with its two satellite settlements of Ajševica and Loke it forms one of the four major suburbs of Nova Gorica (the others being Solkan, Rožna Dolina, and Pristava). Kromberk Castle is located near the settlement. The castle is named after the noble family Coronini Cronberg of Gorizia and Gradisca.

Name[edit]

Kromberk was attested in written sources circa 1200 as In Lite and circa 1370 as in Strania. During the Middle Ages, the settlement was known as Stran or Stranje 'side (of a hill), ridge', reflected in the medieval transcriptions (Middle High German lite 'ridge, (mountain) side', Slovene stran). The current Slovene name is derived from the noble surname Kronberg, which is the German version of the Italian surname Coronini. The Italian surname was interpreted as derived from corona 'crown' and then translated as Middle High German krôn(e), to which the suffix -berc, -berg 'mountain' was added, which is frequent in names of castles and the settlements surrounding them.[3]

History[edit]

In the 19th century, a sizable Friulian minority lived in Kromberk, but have almost all been assimilated since. According to the last Austrian census of 1910, 99.8% of the population spoke Slovene as their native language.[4] Nevertheless, the historical Friulian presence has left several traces in the local dialect of Slovene, as well as in the local toponomy, customs, and cuisine. Surnames of Friulian origin are still very common in Kromberk.

Church[edit]

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to the Virgin Mary Comforter of the Afflicted and belongs to the Diocese of Koper.[5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]