Kronstad, Bergen

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North-eastern Kronstad (foreground)

Kronstad is a neighbourhood in Årstad borough, Bergen, Norway. It is located in the north of the borough, south of Store Lungegårdsvannet, east of Solheim, north of Minde, west of Landås, and west of Møllendal and Haukeland in Bergenhus borough. The neighbourhood was named after the farm of Kronstad (whose successor is the Kronstad Hovedgård manor house), which was formerly known as "Hunstad". After the vicar of Bergen Cathedral purchased the farm in 1705, the name was changed to "Cronstad".[1][2]

Buildings[edit]

Architect Ole Landmark designed several buildings in the area, where a street has been named him. One of his main works is the former cinema Forum Kino, a functionalist building from 1946 (the construction was initiated in 1936). The municipality sold the building in 2006, and it is no longer used as a cinema. In 2007, it was resold to the Christian television channel Visjon Norge, and it has since been used for a number of purposes, including revival meetings and theatre performances.[3][4][5] Other buildings by Landmark include "Clementsgaard", now the headquarters of Henschien Insurance, and a villa inspired by the Rococo and Empire styles.[6]

The former manor house Kronstad Hovedgård was built in the late 18th century. It was sold to consul Joachim Friele in 1840, who hired architect Ole Peter Riis Høegh to reconstruct the building. The expanded and altered building was inspired by the French Château Margaux and the Empire style.

The area has several churches. Årstad kirke, a stone church from 1890, is one of Årstad borough's six Church of Norway churches, and is located adjacent to the border with Bergenhus borough.[7] The Seventh-day Adventist Church Adventkirken i Bergen is located far north-east in Kronstad, just north of Danmarksplass. The oldest of the free churches in the area is Bergen Frikirke, established in 1899, which formerly used a church building in Bjørnsons gate. That building is now used by Evangeliekirken, a Pentacostal church, while Bergen Frikirke uses a modern church building further south-west.[8]

Bergen University College[edit]

The three faculties of the Bergen University College will be colocated in a new campus to be built on the site of the old NSB depot in southern Kronstad, next to Kronstad station of the Bergen Light Rail system. Many of the old depot buildings will be integrated into the new campus, which is designed by the architect firms HLM Arkitektur og Plan and CUBO Arkitekter.[9] The project was allotted funding in the government budget of 2008. Construction will start in 2010, and is planned to finish in 2015.[10]

Transport[edit]

Kronstad station of the Bergen Light Rail system

Stage 1 of the Bergen Light Rail line will pass through Kronstad, and one of the 15 stations of the initial stage will be located just south of the Bjørnsons gate/Inndalsveien intersection. It will be the seventh station from the northern (city centre) terminus and the ninth station from the southern terminus at Nesttun. The rolling stock depot of the first stage will be located directly north-east of the station, adjacent to the (now mostly unused) railway line that, prior to the Ulriken Tunnel's opening in 1964, served the Bergen Line.[11]

The primary thoroughfare in the area is Ibsens gate (Fv 255), which runs from Haukelandsveien, just south of Haukeland University Hospital, to Danmarksplass, and has an annual average daily traffic of 10-11,000 vehicles.[12] Bjørnsons gate runs from Fjøsangerveien, south of Danmarksplass, to Ibsens gate. The western part of the road is part of Norwegian national road 582, which continues southwards to Minde as Inndalsveien. The construction of the Bergen Light Rail system brought with itself many changes to the local road system. Several roads were temporarily closed during part of the construction period, among them Ibsens gate, the main road to Haukeland University Hospital.[13] Bjørnsons gate was converted into an eastwards one-way road between Fjøsangerveien and Inndalsveien.[14] Inndalsveien was improved and widened to make room for the Bergen Light Rail trackage.[15] Jonas Lies vei, formerly a busy thoroughfare between Danmarksplass and the hospital, was closed at its western end.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thowsen, Stein; Harald Garmannslund (2000). Årstad - historisk vandring i en ny bydel (in Norwegian). Bergen: Forlaget Livskunst. p. 22. ISBN 82-995180-1-6. 
  2. ^ Harald Garmannslund (1994). Aschehoug og Gyldendals store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Aschehoug, Gyldendals. ISBN 82-573-0583-9. 
  3. ^ Tønder, Finn Bjørn (June 19, 2007). "Forum Kino gjenåpnes i høst". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  4. ^ Sanden, Charlotte Haarvik (September 3, 2007). "Vekkelsesmøte i Forum kino". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  5. ^ Sæle, Anita A. (September 22, 2009). "Premiere på Annie i Forum". Norge IDAG (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  6. ^ "Kronstadveien 42". Mellomkrigstiden i Bergen (in Norwegian). University of Bergen Library. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  7. ^ Magerøy, Ellen Marie; Hans-Emil Lidén (1983). "Årstad kirke". Norges kirker (in Norwegian). Norsk Institutt for kulturminneforskning. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  8. ^ "Menighetens historikk". Evangeliekirken.no (in Norwegian). Evangeliekirken. Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  9. ^ Vold, Jan Stian; Kristine Holmelid (May 28, 2004). "Slik skal Høgskolen se ut". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  10. ^ Bordvik, Målfrid; Ingunn Røren (October 5, 2008). "Ny høgskole på Kronstad". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  11. ^ "Konsekvensutredning Dobbeltspor Ulrikstunnelen, Arna – Bergen: Delutredning kulturminner og kulturmiljø" (in Norwegian). Norwegian National Rail Administration. November 2003. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  12. ^ "Haukeland Universitetssykehus - kreftbygg og helikopterlandingsplass, plannr 11930400" (in Norwegian). Bergen Hospital Trust. September 18, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  13. ^ Mæland, Pål Andreas (August 3, 2008). "Ibsens gate stenges". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  14. ^ Knudsen, Astri (January 30, 2009). "Stenger Bjørnsons gate". Bergensavisen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  15. ^ Haug, Trude (October 17, 2009). "Inndalsveien – berget av Bybanen". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  16. ^ Lura, Christin; Arne Colliander, John Lindebotten, Walter N. Wehus (January 26, 2008). "- Bedre enn fryktet". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-10-28. 

Coordinates: 60°22′25″N 5°20′49″E / 60.3737°N 5.3469°E / 60.3737; 5.3469