Kropatschek

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Kropatschek/Steyr-Kropatschek
An example of a Portuguese Kropatschek
Kropatschek Model 1886
Type Rifle
Place of origin Austria-Hungary
Kingdom of Portugal
Poland
Service history
In service 1886–1898 (Portugal)
Wars Second Boer War
World War I
Production history
Designed 1886
Produced 1886–ca. 1898
Variants Long rifles, short rifle
Specifications
Weight 4.3 kg (9.5 lb)
Length 1219 mm (4 ft)
Barrel length 540mm (21.3 in)

Cartridge 8×60mmR
Caliber 8mm (.323 in)
Action Bolt action
Muzzle velocity 609 m/s (2,000 ft/s)
Effective firing range 2406 yd (2,200 m)
Feed system 8-round integral tubular magazine

A Kropatschek is any variant of a rifle designed by Alfred von Kropatschek. Kropatschek's rifles used an tubular magazine (constructed of nickel-plated steel) of his design, of the same type used in the German Mauser Gewehr 1871/84 and the Japanese Type 22 Murata. While designed for black powder, the Kropatschek action proved to be strong enough to handle smokeless powder.

Variants[edit]

Austria-Hungary:

  • Gendarmerie Repetier-Karabiner M1881: 11mm Gendarmerie Carbine (also known as M1874/81);
  • Kropatschek Torpedo Boats Gewehr M1893: 8mm Navy Rifle for Torpedo boat crews.

France:

  • Fusil de Marine Mle 1878: 11mm Navy Rifle;
  • Fusil d'Infanterie Mle 1884: 11mm Infantry Rifle;
  • Fusil d'Infanterie Mle 1885: 11mm Infantry Rifle.

Portugal:

  • Espingarda de Infantaria 8 mm m/1886: 8mm Infantry Rifle;
  • Carabina de Caçadores 8 mm m/1886: 8mm Light Infantry Carbine;
  • Carabina de Cavalaria 8 mm m/1886: 8mm Cavalry Carbine;
  • Carabina da Guarda Fiscal 8 mm m/1886/88: 8mm Treasury Guard Carbine;
  • Espingarda de Infantaria 8 mm m/1886/89: 8mm Colonial Infantry Rifle;
  • Carabina de Artilharia 8 mm m/1886/91: 8mm Artillery Carbine.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]