|• Total||247.22 km2 (95.45 sq mi)|
|• Density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||42.3%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Postal code (street)||1740|
Krugersdorp (Afrikaans for Kruger's town) is a mining city with a population of 378,821 and 408,065 inhabitants in the West Rand of the Gauteng province of South Africa. Krugersdorp was founded in 1887 by Marthinus Pretorius and named after Paul Kruger.
Gold, manganese, iron, asbestos and lime are mined in the area. Krugersdorp is the site of the December 1880 gathering at which more than 6,000 men vowed to fight for the Transvaal's independence. When gold was discovered on the Witwatersrand, a need arose for a major town in the west of the reef. The government bought part of the Paardekraal farm and named the new town after the Transvaal President Paul Kruger. The British built a concentration camp here during the Second Boer War to house Boer women and children.
In 1952, the West Rand Consolidated Mine was the first in the world to extract uranium as a byproduct of the gold refining process.
Krugersdorp no longer has a separate municipal government. The municipality was integrated into and is the seat of the Mogale City municipality, along with surrounding towns. Despite a proposal to change the name of the city to Mogale City, this has not been confirmed and the town is currently still called Krugersdorp.
Krugersdorp is the industrial hub of Western Gauteng and was founded in 1887 by M.W. Pretorius when gold was discovered on his farm, Paardekraal. The mining industry has formed an integral part in the development of the town, which has a rich cultural and historical background.
Krugersdorp was named after President Paul Kruger of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. It played an important part in South African history and came into being because of two important events in the history of South Africa: the Transvaal War of Independence (1881) and the discovery of the Witwatersrand Goldfields (1886). These events had far-reaching political and economic consequences for South Africa's development.
By the time the town was founded, the existence of the gold reef along the Witwatersrand was well established and thousands seeking their fortunes pitched their tents and pegged their claims. In 1888, Krugersdorp was proclaimed a separate gold field.
During the Anglo Boer War the British built a concentration camp in the valley that is now occupied by the Centenary Dam. This camp was overlooked by "D" Shaft of Luipardsvlei Estate Gold Mining Company, which was shut down in around 1929 when the emphasis shifted to deeper ore bodies that had the prospect of larger tonnages. This shaft is again being brought back into production in 2014. Part of the heritage of the area is being captured as an idea for a museum to be built post-closure. An essential part of this planning is the Boer War legacy.
Krugersdorp offers visitors all the benefits of a city. It has a modern business center and shopping malls alongside many smaller shops, schools, all the necessary amenities. They also have game reserves and a nearby bird sanctuary.
Krugersdorp has the Jack Taylor Airfield and is easily accessible from Pretoria, the R28/N14 highway, Johannesburg, OR Tambo International Airport, the N1 highway, and Lanseria International Airport on the R511.
The nearby 1 400 hectare game reserve in dense bush veld with plenty of game is one of the town's major tourist attractions. Also in close proximity are various provincial heritage sites and the Cradle of Humankind with the Sterkfontein Caves and the Wonder Cave.
Krugersdorp is also home to the South African Branch of Jehovah's Witnesses (The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society).
About 190 000 people live in Kagiso, which means "peace". The area is subdivided into five different wards, each having its own councillor.
Kagiso was officially proclaimed in 1920 when ex-miners and squatters on smallholdings on the outskirts of Luipaardsvlei erected the first corrugated iron houses. By 1950, there were about 3 436 people in the Luipaardsvlei Township, an area of only 47 morgen, until another new township - Lewisham - was laid out to the south-east of Krugersdorp.
Many languages are spoken by the people who live in Kagiso, such as Tswana, Northern Sotho, South Sotho, Xhosa, Zulu, Tsonga and Venda. There is considerable migration into the area from the rural areas, with people seeking work in nearby Krugersdorp and Chamdor. Some people who live in Kagiso travel to Johannesburg for work.
There are 15 primary schools and six secondary schools in the area. There is also an adult center, which aids people wanting to improve their education. Kagiso also has a library, which has a reference section as well as a children's library. There are three formal creches and about 50 informal creches in Kagiso.
Recreational facilities in the area include a multipurpose sports center, which has a cricket pitch, soccer fields, tennis courts and a swimming pool.
The health needs of people in the area are catered for by the Leratong Hospital. There are two clinics in the area and a mobile clinic operates in the township as well.
Kagiso has produced many outstanding men and women, one of them being the Reverend Dr Frank Chikane, the former secretary general of the South African Council of Churches and a former director-general in the President's Office.
Munsieville is the childhood home of Archbishop Desmond Tutu. It grew out of the informal settlements inhabited by mine laborers on the outskirts of the original mining town of Krugersdorp.
The story of Munsieville began on 15 December 1905, when it was gazetted that the piece of land to the north-west of Krugersdorp near District Township was to be used as a 'native location'. It was, however, only in 1911 that the New Donation (as it was then called) was officially established by the Municipal Council, and all blacks not living on their employers' premises had to be resident there.
In 1913, a housing plan was formulated, based on one already in existence in Benoni. It made provision for two and three bed-roomed houses costing about 20 pounds a room to build, and an 18-room compound. By 1923, about 220 males, 262 females and 325 children were living in 119 houses on the location.
In 1934, standpipes (taps at the corners of the street from which residents could draw their water) and central wash houses were in use in the area. One year later it was necessary to extend the New Location. The Old Location, which was near the present-day Burgershoop, was disestablished in 1937. After that, a new sub-economic housing scheme including: sewage, guttering, curbing and 3 and 4 roomed houses was begun to accommodate overcrowding.
At a monthly council meeting in 1941, it was unanimously agreed to change the township's name to Munsieville, after the chief sanitary inspector at the time, James Munsie. He is remembered for the tremendous amount he did in the interest of the town's health.
Years later, the current township of Munsieville was demarcated and formal township housing was erected.
Archbishop Emeritus and Nobel Peace Prize recipient Desmond Mpilo Tutu lived in Munsieville from the age of age. His father was headmaster of St Paul's Anglican Mission School where young Mpilo began his education. Tutu was later a schoolteacher at Munsieville School before he joined the priesthood.
Tutu and his wife Leah married in a Roman Catholic Church in Munsieville. He recalls: "That church was razed to the ground along with many residential buildings because Munsieville was doomed to be demolished. It was an aberration; a black spot in what should have been a lily-white area. Munsieville was reprieved only by the intervention of Leon Wessels, the Nationalist MP for Krugersdorp, who later apologised handsomely for apartheid. He was to become Deputy Chair of the Constituent Assembly that gave us our wonderful Constitution."
Tutu's childhood home can be visited, as can other 'exile' houses.
Talented local women have formed the Mukondeleli Craft Suppliers. Their bead-work, clay pots and quilting are on display here. Vibey taverns and sophisticated shebeens abound.
Munsieville has always had a vibrant social culture and was on the forefront of political activism during the struggle against apartheid. Today, residents enjoy better facilities and modern services.
One of the traditions which remain is the culture of children playing in the streets. This was a result of the lack of sporting or recreational facilities. Apart from the ever-popular soccer games, one can also view children's traditional African games.
The townspeople of Munsieville are friendly and eager to please. Hospitality and bright smiles greet visitors. Most of the residents work in the commercial sector and are also employed as public servants.
- Alma Mater Akademie - Combined School
- Krugersdorp High School
- Town View High School
- Hoërskool Monument
- Hoërskool Jan De Klerk
- HTS Nic Diederichs
- St Ursula’s School
- Hoërskool Noordheuwel
- Ahmed Timol Secondary
- Hoërskool Bastion
- Laerskool Kenmare
- Rant en Dal School
- Hoërskool Pro-Practicum
- Laerskool Millennium
- Laerskool Ebenhaeser
- Central Clinic
- Kagiso Clinic B
- Azaadville Clinic
- Munsieville Clinic A
- Dr Yusuf Dadoo Hospital (Paardekraal)
- Sterkfontein Hospital
- Leratong Hospital
- Krugersdorp Private Hospital
- Bell Street Day Hospital
- Medi-Cross Clinic
Sports and events
The town is the host of the annual Gauteng Beach Party,which is held at Coronation Park. In recent years the event has featured performances by:
- Mzekezeke aka Dj Sbu
- Dj Cleo
- Winnie Khumalo
- T-bo Touch
- Brown Dash
and many more.
Krugersdorp also boasts an 18-hole golf course and many extreme sport facilities.
Afropop sensation Mafikizolo and Ntando Bangani, better known simply as Ntando, are successful acts that hail from Krugersdorp.
Although the city's municipality has changed the name from Krugersdorp to Mogale City, some people have already assumed that the city's name has been officially changed to Mogale City. Despite being discussed, Mogale City municipality has announced that a name change is not intended.
Current and former residents
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Krugersdorp.|
- "Main Place Krugersdorp". Census 2011.
- "http://population.mongabay.com/population/south-africa/986822/krugersdorp". Population.mongabay.com. 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
- Poverty, and Little Sympathy, in South Africa (Lens) New York Times. 25 June 2010
- White poverty in South Africa Reuters. Retrieved on 31 December 2010
- Tough times for white South African squatters Reuters. 26 March 2010
- http://www.gautengfilm.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=876[dead link]
|Memorial to those who died in the concentration camp - from the Genealogical Society of South Africa|