Krzysztof Radziwiłł

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For his father of the same name, see Krzysztof Mikołaj "Piorun" Radziwiłł.
Krzysztof Radziwiłł
Krzysztof Radziwiłł (młodszy) (1585-1640), dark version.jpg
Born (1585-03-22)22 March 1585
Biržai
Died 19 September 1640(1640-09-19) (aged 55)
Svėdasai
Religion Calvinist
Spouse(s) Anna Kiszka
Children with Anna Kiszka:
Janusz Radziwiłł
Katarzyna Radziwiłł
Parents Krzysztof Mikołaj "the Thunderbolt" Radziwiłł
Katarzyna Ostrogska

Prince Krzysztof Radziwiłł (Belarusian: Крыштаф Радзівіл, Lithuanian: Kristupas Radvila) (1585, Biržai – 1640) was a Polish-Lithuanian noble (szlachcic), and a notable magnate, politician and military commander of his epoch. Sometimes referred to as Krzysztof Radziwiłł II, to distinguish him from his father, Krzysztof Mikołaj 'Piorun' Radziwłł.

Owner of Biržai, he was Field Hetman of Lithuania from 1615, Castellan of Vilnius from 1633, Voivode of Vilnius Voivodeship from 1633,.[1] Great Lithuanian Hetman from 1635,.[1] starost of Mahilyow, Bystrzyca[disambiguation needed], Žiežmariai and Seje. In 1632 he served as Marshal of the Sejm.[1]

He successfully fought in Polish Livonia against Sweden from 1600s to 1617. He took part in the campaign against the Swedes in the Baltic region in 1621–1622 (Polish-Swedish War), where he agreed to a controversial truce (as he had no permission to negotiate it from the king or the Sejm).[1] Important commander of Lithuanian forces during the Smolensk War, where he was instrumental in obtaining the capitulation of the Russian army in the relief of Smolensk.[1] Afterwards, in 1635, he retired from his military career, concentrating on administering his estates. A Calvinist, he was a great protector of Protestants in Lithuania.

He was an opponent of Catholic king Sigismund III Vasa, but a supporter of his more tolerant son, Władysław IV Waza.[1] An advocate of Władysław's marriage to a Protestant princess, he distanced himself from the king after Władysław declined this marriage proposal. He opposed an alliance between the Commonwealth and the Habsburgs. On his lands in Kėdainiai he founded a major Calvinist cultural and religious centre,.[1] which flourished till the 19th century as a center of the Polish Reformed Church. His large horse stables were famous throughout Europe.

Krzysztof Radziwiłł. Painting by Wojciech Gerson

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