Ksingmul language

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Xinh Mun
Native to Vietnam, Laos
Native speakers
27,000  (1999–2005)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 puo
Glottolog puoc1238[2]

Ksingmul (Ksing Mul, Puoc, Vietnamese: Xinh Mun, Chinese: 欣门语) is a Mon–Khmer language of Vietnam.


Jerold Edmondson (2010:144), citing Đặng Nghiêm Vạn, et al. (1972ː254ff), lists 3 major varieties of Ksingmul. Ksingmul Nghệt is the most conservative variety.

  • Ksingmul Nghệt: Nà Nghệt Village, Xiêng Khọ District, Sầm Nưa Province, Laos
  • Ksingmul Dạ: Chiềng On Village, Yên Châu District, Sơn La Province, Vietnam
  • Ksingmul Đồng


  1. ^ Ksingmul at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Puoc". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Edmondson, Jerold A. 2010. "The Kháng language of Vietnam in comparison to Ksingmul (Xinh-mun)." In Kenneth A. McElhanon and Ger Reesink, A Mosaic of languages and cultures: studies celebrating the career of Karl J. Franklin, 138-154. SIL e-Books, 19. [Dallas]: SIL International. http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/9267

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