House of Flowers (mausoleum)
|House of Flowers|
House of Flowers interior
Location within Serbia
|Floor area||902 m2 (9,710 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
House of Flowers (Serbo-Croatian: Kuća cveća or Kuća cvijeća, Кућа цвећа; Macedonian: Куќа на цвеќето; Slovene: Hiša cvetja) is the mausoleum of the leader of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito, who died on 4 May 1980 and his wife Jovanka Broz who died 20 October 2013.
The name House of Flowers comes from the fact that many flowers surrounded the tomb until it was closed to the public after the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Today there are only white rocks where the flowers used to be. It was internally called "flower shop" during Tito's life when it served as his auxiliary office with covered garden.
"House of Flowers" was built in 1975, on the basis of the project by architect Stjepan Kralj. It was built as a winter garden with areas for work and rest of Josip Broz (area 902.00 m2) near the residence where he lived. It consists of three parts: a central - a flower garden, and a two parallel wide corridors on a sides. On the opposite side of the entrance is uncovered terrace with a view of Belgrade. In the central part, following his personal wish, Tito was buried in 1980.
Permanent exhibition in "House of Flowers" consist of local, republic and federal Relays of Youth from the period after the 1957, since when 25. May was celebrated as Youth Day. Beside that, written messages that Tito received with relays, photographs of carrying and transitions of batons, tickets and programs of rallys, and other related material are displayed in the museum.
For almost a decade after the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia the entire complex (the tomb and the memorial museum) was closed to the public and the military guards were permanently removed. However, today the site is open again to tourists and to people who wish to pay their respects. Many guests, from all over the former Yugoslavia, visit especially on May 25 (Tito's official birth date) - the former Youth Day under Socialism. The memorial was reportedly visited by more than eleven thousand people in 2004, and since 1982, more than 17,000,000 people.
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