Kuala Lumpur City Centre
|Kuala Lumpur City Centre|
|Location||Petronas Twin Towers KLCC, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Construction started||1 January 1996|
|Completed||1 January 1997|
|Inaugurated||31 August 1999|
|Renovated||1 January 1998|
Kuala Lumpur City Centre is a multipurpose development area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The area is located around Jalan Ampang, Jalan P. Ramlee, Jalan Binjai, Jalan Kia Peng and Jalan Pinang. There are a number of shopping complexes such as Suria KLCC and Avenue K. There are also hotels within walking distance such as G Tower, Mandarin Oriental, Grand Hyatt Kuala Lumpur and InterContinental Kuala Lumpur hotel.
Designed to be a city within a city, the 100-acre site hosts the tallest twin buildings in the world, shopping mall, hotels, office buildings and several hotels. A public park and a mosque is also built on the area and open to everyone. The whole project is cooled via district cooling located on the property.
- 1 History
- 2 Development zone
- 3 Offices
- 4 Suria KLCC
- 5 Hotels
- 6 Kuala Lumpur Convention Center
- 7 Binjai on the Park
- 8 Public area
- 9 Access
- 10 Utility
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
KLCC is a 100-acre land area with mixed developments in various stages of construction. The area is divided into several plots of land, each with a specific purpose.
|A||Office||Petronas Twin Towers||Suria KLCC is at bottom of the towers|
|C||Office / Commercial||Menara 3 Petronas (Menara Carigali)||Suria KLCC Extension|
|P||Residential||Binjai on the Park|
|F||Commercial||Kuala Lumpur Convention Center|
|D||Hotel||Mandrian Orential Hotel|
|D1||Unknown||Unknown||Currently a work site, but tunnel from Lot C to here has been built|
|178||Public Space||As Syakirin Mosque|
|177||Utility||KLCC District Cooling|
|K||Commercial||Lot K, KLCC||Currently under construction, Mall at the bottom will be done by 2017.|
|H||Commercial||Menara Exxon Mobil|
|-||Public Space||KLCC Park|
|L||Residential/Commercial||-||Currently a Car Park|
|L1||Residential/Commercial||-||Currently a Car Park|
|M||Commercial||-||Currently a Car Park|
|N||Mixed Development||-||Currently Binjai on the Park showroom|
|P2||OFfice||-||Currently a Car Park|
|J1||Office||-||Currently a Car Park|
|J||Offce||-||Currently a Car Park|
|E||Commercial||Kuala Lumpur Convention Center|
Zoning is based on the KLCC Masterplan.
Offices in the KLCC area are homes to largest companies in Malaysia in which the Petronas Twin Towers is the centerpiece.
Petronas Twin Towers
Built on 1 January 1992 until 31 December 1994, the Petronas Twin Towers was the tallest building in the world from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2004. Currently, it still holds the record for the tallest twin buildings in the world. It is the headquarters of Petronas, a Fortune 100 state owned oil company and also the largest company in South East Asia.
The towers and the mall below it was designed by Argentinian born architect César Pelli. Construction started in 1991 and completed 7 years after, in midst of Asian Financial Crisis and Reformasi movement. Due to the soil conditions on the tower, the buildings were built on one of the deepest foundations in the world.
The 88-storey towers were built using mostly reinforced concrete, with steel-and-glass facade to resemble Islamic motifs, a religion followed by the majority of Malaysia. The cross section of the tower resembles Rub el Hizb, further solidifies the Islamic motif in the tower design.
Menara Exxon Mobil
Menara Exxon Mobil was built on 1 January 1997 and it is the headquarters of the Malaysian subsidiary of Exxon Mobil, one of the largest listed company in the world.
The 126 m (413 ft), 30-storey tower is a rectangular shaped building, with a virtually column free interior. For aesthetics, the north and south elevations are set-back at level 5, while the north elevation facing the public park is further set-back at levels 22 and 26
Officially Menara 3 Petronas, this tower is a 60 story tower which is completed in 2012. The tower is connected with the shopping mall Suria KLCC
The tower is also designed by César Pelli with construction started in 2006 and finished in 2012. The tower has a separate entrance facing Mandarin Oriental and also a tunnel link towards Lot D1. Lot D1 will be a future development by the owner, KLCC Properties.
The cross section of the tower features two geometric shapes, a square and a rectangle. The rectangle shape in the building starts at the ground floor up to the 40th floor. The triangle shape extends to the top of the tower. At the top of the tower, a crown completes the design. It is expected the crown will hold the tower's company logo.
Menara Maxis is the headquarters of Maxis Communications, one of Malaysia's largest telecommunication companies.
Suria KLCC is currently the only and main commercial center in the KLCC area. The shopping mall occupies space underneath the Petronas Twin Towers and shares its parking lot with it. The six-story shopping mall has been extended to Menara Carigali since 2011. There are plans to extend the mall to Lot K and also Lot D1 as well.
The mall is accessible by KLCC LRT station. It also serve as one of the bus hubs for Bandar Buses of RapidKL. The mall also has a tunnel link to Kuala Lumpur Convention Center which in turn connects to Bukit Bintang shopping district.
There are two hotels in the KLCC area. Mandarin Oriental is the main hotel which sits between Suria KLCC and Kuala Lumpur convention center.
Kuala Lumpur Convention Center
The KLCC area has a 1,300,000-square-foot (120,000 m2) convention center known as the Kuala Lumpur Convention Center. The total function area is around 216,000 square feet (20,100 m2). The convention center is directly connected with Traders Hotel. Impiana Hotel, in which own and operated by KLCC Properties, developer of the KLCC area, is connected via a walk bridge. In the master plan, there will be several more buildings to be built near or on convention center area.
Binjai on the Park
Binjai on the Park is the only residential area in the project. The residential space is two 42-story buildings having an unobstructed view of the Petronas Twin Towers. It is designed by Allen Jack + Cottier (known famously as AJ+C), the Australian-based architect with regional presence in Malaysia, Vietnam and China. The residential towers is the most expensive in Malaysia with a 19,500 square feet penthouse has been sold for a record RM50 million.
At the center of the property lies KLCC Park. The park is one of the last designs of notable Brazilian park designer Roberto Burle Marx. The park holds a jogging track, a public swimming pool, several children's playground and a man made lake complete with water fountains.
The are also has a mosque known as As Syakirin Monque which has the capacity to hold 12,000 people. Naturally, many religious activities such as Friday prayers is conducted here.
Public transport is abundant in the area as it is being served by Kelana Jaya Line through KLCC LRT station. It is also a bus hub for RapidKL bus network, the largest public transport operator in Kuala Lumpur.
A dedicated taxi stand, which utilised the coupon system, is available at the shopping mall entrance. Patrons who do not wish to use the system has the option to walk up to taxi stand which is situated on the main road.
Although the area is bordered by 5 main roads, main road access is through Jalan Ampang, Jalan Sultan Ismail and Ampang - Kuala Lumpur Elevated Highway. AKLEH access is quite unique in the sense that the highway has direct tunnel access to the area's underground parking garage will the other road access has drop off point as well as parking garage access.
KLCC also has built an underground tunnel to connect the area to Jalan Ampang directly.
The developer has spent RM30 million to build an elevated, air-conditioned walkway from the KLCC to Bukit Bintang.
District cooling for the entire area is provided by KLCC Cooling, which is situated in Lot 40. The cooling was done via gas-powered turbine generator. This district cooling concept is the first implementation in Malaysia.
- KL Sentral - another mixed development master plan in Kuala Lumpur with emphasis on transportation
- Kuala Lumpur International Financial District - master plan which focus on financial institution in Pudu, Kuala Lumpur
- Warisan Merdeka - mixed development master plan which features a 100-story tower
- Mid Valley Megamall - mixed development which features a very popular shopping mall.
- Putrajaya - fully planned city at the edge of Selangor. Currently the administrative capital of Malaysia
- Žaknić, Ivan; Smith, Matthew; Rice, Doleres B. (1998). 100 of the World's Tallest Buildings. Mulgrave, Victoria: Images Publishing. p. 208. ISBN 9781875498321.
- "KLCC Master Plan". KLCC Properties. KLCC Properties.
- Stevens, Rick. "Binjai On The Park".
- Chee, Kee Hua. "KL Most Expensive Condo! RM50 million at the Binjai". Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- "KLCC: The Precinct". KLCC Property. Retrieved 23 February 2012.