Kuala Terengganu

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Kuala Terengganu
كوالا ترڠڬانو
Kuala Terengganu snapshot.jpg
Kuala Terengganu is located in Peninsular Malaysia
Kuala Terengganu
Kuala Terengganu
Location in Peninsular Malaysia
Kuala Terengganu is located in Malaysia
Kuala Terengganu
Kuala Terengganu
Location in Malaysia
Coordinates: 5°20′N 103°9′E / 5.333°N 103.150°E / 5.333; 103.150Coordinates: 5°20′N 103°9′E / 5.333°N 103.150°E / 5.333; 103.150
Country  Malaysia
State  Terengganu
City status 1 January 2008
Government
 • Mayor Dato' Haji Adzlan Bin Mohd Dagang
Area
 • Total 605 km2 (233.59 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 343,284
 • Density 590.51/km2 (1,529.21/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 • Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC)
Website mbkt.terengganu.gov.my

Kuala Terengganu (Jawi: كوالا ترڠڬانو; colloquially abbreviated as KT) is the largest city as well as the state and royal capital of Terengganu state, Malaysia. On 1 January 2008, Kuala Terengganu was awarded city status. The city has a population of 343,284[1] and is also the seat of a district of the same name. Kuala Terengganu is located about 500 kilometers northeast of Kuala Lumpur on a promontory surrounded on three sides by the South China Sea. The name means the "Terengganu Harbour", referring to the broad expanse of the Terengganu River estuary which empties into the ocean at this point. Kuala Terengganu is also the name of the parliamentary constituency in which the city is situated. The inhabitants of the city speak a distinct Terengganese dialect of Malay.

History[edit]

Kuala Terengganu

A family of Chinese traders who were trading between China and the Malay Peninsula established Kuala Terengganu as early as the 15th century. Soon after it was founded, the town grew into an important trading post between the two countries.[citation needed] However, after the Malacca Empire conquered the town, its influence as a leading port in the Southeast Asian region diminished as most of the traders preferred to stop at Melaka, which was the center of trade between China, India and Southeast Asia.[citation needed]

The oldest streets was called Kampung Cina (Chinatown), a settlement where buildings are hundreds of years old. After these very old buildings were threatened with demolition by the city the district was listed in the 1998 World Monuments Watch by the World Monuments Fund (WMF).[2] The site was listed again in 2000 and 2002. In 1998, with funding from American Express, WMF helped Badan Warisan Malaysia (Heritage of Malaysia Trust) to develop a plan to improve the current shop structures. The organization prepared a conservation outline for a pilot project on No. 51/53 Jalan Bandar, and created a video to encourage the local community and others to take part in the preservation effort.[3]

Climate[edit]

Kuala Terengganu features a tropical rainforest climate that borders on a tropical monsoon climate. Kuala Terengganu does not quite have a true dry season month, a requirement for it to be classified as having a tropical monsoon climate. However the city’s driest month, February, averages 60 mm of precipitation annually. The city does experience a relative “dry season” from May through June, while the heaviest precipitation is seen at the end of the year which sometimes reaches more than 1,000 mm (39 in) of rainfall for each month in November and December. Normally massive flood hit all round Terengganu state occurres during monsoon season with estimated 3-5 series of wave of floods from November till March.[citation needed]

Kuala Terengganu is generally hot and humid throughout the year though the city does experience slightly cooler weather during its rainiest part of the year, from November through January. The city on average sees roughly more than 3,000 mm (120 in) of the annual rainfall.

Climate data for Kuala Terengganu Precipitation In 2013 (Mean Rainfall : 2009-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(89)
32
(90)
32
(89)
32
(89)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(87)
29
(84)
28
(82)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(74)
23
(74)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
Precipitation mm (inches) 202.4
(7.969)
313.6
(12.346)
75.2
(2.961)
202.4
(7.969)
65.8
(2.591)
91.8
(3.614)
116.8
(4.598)
170.5
(6.713)
95.2
(3.748)
261.6
(10.299)
855.6
(33.685)
494
(19.45)
2,944.9
(115.943)
Rainfall mm (inches) 224
(8.82)
30.1
(1.185)
521.3
(20.524)
141.9
(5.587)
179.2
(7.055)
112.5
(4.429)
97.9
(3.854)
127.6
(5.024)
170.7
(6.72)
392.3
(15.445)
586.8
(23.102)
607.1
(23.902)
3,191.4
(125.647)
Source: Malaysian Meteorological Department

Economy[edit]

Main economic activities include retail and wholesale trade in food items, fabric and apparels, fisheries, agriculture, service industries, and tourism, particularly as a jumping-off point for the nearby Perhentian Islands.

Tourism[edit]

Batu Buruk Beach

Places of interest include Chinatown, Pasar Payang (Central Market), the Sultan's Palace, the State Museum, Pulau Duyong and the latest attraction is Masjid Kristal in Pulau Wan Man. Kuala Terengganu also famous for its keropok lekor Losong and traditional dishes nasi dagang.

Monsoon Cup[edit]

The Monsoon Cup 2005 celebrated its inauguration and debut as the 50th official event of the Swedish Match Tour (now the World Match Racing Tour), and serves as the Malaysian leg for the prestigious international sailing event. Dubbed ‘The Formula One of Sailing’, this professional sailing series was formed in 2000 to unite the world’s best match-race regattas under one banner. The World Match Racing Tour comprises nine events in nine specially selected locations around the world and is a kind of sailing called 'match racing' where two identical (supplied) racing yachts go head to head in a series of spectacular dogfights on the water . The event attracts the worlds best sailors including World Champions and Olympic Sailors. As the leading professional sailing series in the world, the Tour events are recognized as must-attend regattas on the match-race circuit. The Monsoon Cup 2005 was held at Pulau Duyong, Terengganu, from 29 November to 4 December 2005. The Monsoon Cup for the 2006 offered the highest prize money in the world (RM1 million) for a match racing event with the sponsorship of Richard Mille of Richard Mille Watches. Richard Mille was also the official time keeper for the event. The Monsoon Cup 2006 was held at Pulau Duyong, Terengganu, from the 29 November to 3 December 2006.[4]

The World Match Racing Tour is also an ideal spectators event. With the racing taking place approximately 15m from the shoreline, an on shore audience get spectacular heart of the action views of this exciting, adrenaline fueled sport.

The Monsoon Cup is the final championship stage of the tour and those competing are invited to the event having qualified through the earlier tour events. In addition to being the final event, the Monsoon Cup event also decides who will receive the ultimate prize of the World Match Racing Tour - The ISAF World Match Racing Champion title and trophy.

Transport[edit]

The city is connected to other towns via a good network of roads and also some ferries that ply the Terengganu River. The Sultan Mahmud Bridge, a bridge over the Terengganu River, provides a road link to both banks of the river. On the other side of the Terengganu River, there is a medium-sized airport called Sultan Mahmud Airport serving domestic routes although it was granted international status. Other transport facilities include the Taxicab and Kuala Terengganu Bus Terminal. Kuala Terengganu is singularly lacking in commuter services in the form of buses, trains or trams. There is a limited service tourist bus that plies back and forth to tourist areas such as the Nor Arfa batik outlet south of the city, and the jetty for ferries to the island resorts at Redang and Perhentian islands. The city's only taxi rank stands nearby to the city's only tourist bus terminal in the city centre. Cars may be hired at Ping Anchorage and at the airport. The city and suburbs are relatively easy to negotiate by car.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ms:Senarai bandar di Malaysia mengikut penduduk
  2. ^ Azura Abas, "19th century trading post at Kampung Cina: Heritage value gets it listed on 100 Most Endangered Sites," New Straits Times, February 20, 2000, p. 7.
  3. ^ World Monuments Fund - Kampung Cina River Frontage
  4. ^ "Malaysian Monsoon Cup". Retrieved 2009-05-27. 

External links[edit]