|Stylistic origins||Batida, soca, semba, zouk, tribal house, techno, bouyon music|
|Cultural origins||Late 1980s, Angola|
|Typical instruments||PC, drum machine, vocal|
|Part of a series on the|
Kuduro (or kuduru) is a type of music and dance originally developed in Angola in the 1980s. It is characterized as uptempo, energetic, and danceable. Kuduro began in Luanda, Angola in the late 1980s. Initially, producers sampled traditional carnival music like soca and zouk from the Caribbean, and also semba from Angola and laid this around a fast 4/4 beat.
The roots of kuduro can be traced to the late 1980s when producers in Luanda, Angola started mixing African percussion samples with simple zouk and soca rhythms to create a style of music then known as Batida. In Europe, western house and techno producers mixed it with house and techno. European and American electronic music had begun appearing in the market, which attracted Angolan musicians and inspired them to incorporate their own musical styles. Young producers began adding heavy African percussion to both European and American beats. In the early 90's, Angolan clubs started playing it and the youngsters started to create new dance moves to follow what the DJs were dropping.
The name of the dance was referring to a peculiar movement in which the dancers seem to have a hard ass ("Cu Duro" in Portuguese), simulating an aggressive and agitated dance style. According to Tony Amado, self-proclaimed creator of Kuduro, he got the idea for the dance, after seeing Jean-Claude Van Damme in the 1989 film Kickboxer, in which he appears in a bar drunk, and dances in a hard and unusual style. As Vivian Host points out in her article, despite the common assumption that "world music" from non-Western countries holds no commonalities with Western modern music, Angolan kuduro does contain "elements in common with punk, deep tribal house, and even Daft Punk." It is thus the case that cultural boundaries and limitations within the musical spectrum are constantly shifting and being redefined. And though Angolan kuduro reflects an understanding and, further, an interpretation of Western musical forms, the world music category that it fits under tends to reject the idea of Western musical imperialism. The larger idea here is that advancements in technology and communications and the thrust of music through an electronic medium have made transcending cultural and sonic musical structures possible. According to Blentwell Podcasts, kuduro is a "mixture of house, hip-hop, and ragga elements," which illustrates how this is at once an Angolan-local and global music. Indeed, this "musical cross-pollination", as Vivian Host calls it, represents a local appropriation of global musical forms, such that the blending of different musics creates the music of a "new world."
Kuduro is very popular across the former Portuguese overseas provinces in Africa, as well as in the suburbs of Lisbon, Portugal (namely Amadora and Queluz), due to the large number of Angolan immigrants. It is a common kind of music played in Portugal's Latin Dance floors.
In the Lisbon variety (or progressive kuduro), which mixes African Music with House and Techno music, Buraka Som Sistema a Portuguese/Angolan electronic dance music project based in Portugal, was responsible for the internationalization of kuduro apart from the Portuguese-speaking world, presenting the genre across Europe and appeared in several international music magazines, after their appearance with their hit "Yah!" ("Yeah!"). Buraka Som Sistema takes its name from Buraca, a Lisbon suburb in the municipality of Amadora. Since the explosion of the Buraka Som Sistema, kuduro dance performance videos find an increasing audience on internet video platforms like YouTube. The videos range in quality from MTV standard to barely recognizable mobile-phone footage. As with most music styles, various weblogs and file sharing websites offer kuduro for download in mp3 format.
Artists and famous titles
M.I.A. has supported kuduro music, working on the song "Sound of Kuduro" with Buraka Som Sistema in Angola. "It initially came from kids not having anything to make music on other than cellphones, using samples they'd get from their PCs and mobiles' sound buttons," M.I.A. said of kuduro. "It's a rave-y, beat oriented sound. Now that it's growing, they've got proper PCs to make music on."
- Costuleta - kuduro: xiriri, acuxar: tchiriri
- Puto Prata e Bruno M: Cara Podre
- Puto Português e Nacobeta: Baba Baba
- Buraka Som Sistema: Kalemba (Wegue Wegue) (feat. Pongolove)
- Buraka Som Sistema: (New Africa Remix) (feat. Zakee Kuduro)
- King Kuduro: must dance sound that you need, ...
- Papa London: Danza Kuduro
- Lucenzo feat. Big Ali : Vem Dançar Kuduro
- Luky Gomes: Twiasee, We Gonna Have it, Jenjena
- Sissi K ( Logobi GT ): Spoiling the Koin
- Antonio carglouche feat R'nestinho: C it KSE good
- Elizio: Sabi di mas
- G-nose and Nelinho feat Papi Sanchez : Pop Pop Kuduro
- Don Omar feat Lucenzo : Danza Kuduro
- William Epps: Kuduro
- TiTiCa Kuduro Dance Queen
- Fofando & Saborosa
- Zakee Kuduro
- "The Afrofunk Music Forum: Kuduro: Techno from Angola to the World". Afrofunkforum.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
- Host, Vivian (and contributors). "The New World Music." XLR8R 109 (Aug 2007): 64–73.
- Blentwell.com. Kiasma. Masolicism. 17 Apr. 2008 <http://www.blentwell.com/tags.php/kuduro>.
- Miguel Judas. VISÃO nº 752 3 Ago. 2007
- "M.I.A. Picks Best Global Sound". Rolling Stone. May 2008.