Kufra District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kufra (الكفرة)
District
Country  Libya
Capital Al Jawf
Area 483,510 km2 (186,684 sq mi) [1]
Population 50,104 (2006) [2]
Density 0.1 / km2 (0 / sq mi)
Map of Libya with Kufra district highlighted
Al Kufrah borders from 2001 to 2007

Kufra or Kofra (Arabic: الكفرةAl Kufra), also spelled Cufra, is the largest district of Libya. Its capital is Al Jawf, one of the oases in Kufra basin.[3] There is a very large oil refinery near the capital. In the late 15th century, Leo Africanus reported an oasis in the land of the Berdoa, visited by a caravan coming from Awjila. It is possible that this oasis was identical with either the Al Jawf or the Taiserbo oasis, and on early modern maps, the Al Kufra region was often labelled as Berdoa based on this report.

The name Kufra itself is a derivation from kafir, the Arabic term for non-Muslims.[4] Kufra did not fall under the dominion of either the Arabs or the Ottomans and was colonized by the Arab Bedouin tribe of the Zuwayya only in the mid 19th century, and eventually by the Italians by the 1930s. In 1931, during the campaign of Cyrenaica, General Rodolfo Graziani easily conquered Kufra, considered a strategic region, leading about 3,000 soldiers from infantry and artillery, supported by about twenty bombers.

Kufra's location in Libya's southeast places it on the country's border with Egypt, Sudan (unlike any other Libyan district), and Chad. It borders the following regions of these countries:

Domestically, it borders the following districts:

Before 2007, Kufra District was larger, including a strip of desert in the north that has been moved to Al Wahat District (map).

Oases[edit]

Besides the main Oasis group of the Kufra basin, four more oases belong to the region, which lie northwest of Kufra basin: Rebiana, Buzema, Wadi Zighen and Tazirbu.[5] The oasis-valleys of Jabal Arkanu and Jebel Uweinat lie southeast of the basin.[5]

Sources[edit]

  • Bertarelli, L.V. (1929). Guida d'Italia, Vol. XVII (in Italian). Milano: Consociazione Turistica Italiana. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Before 2007 administrative reorganization
  2. ^ "Districts of libya". statoids.com. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  3. ^ Francesca Di Piazza (2005). Libya in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 0-8225-2549-6. 
  4. ^ Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs, Reise von Tripolis nach der Oase Kufra (1881).[1]
  5. ^ a b Bertarelli (1929), p. 515.

Coordinates: 24°N 23°E / 24°N 23°E / 24; 23