Kuhmo

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Kuhmo
Town
Kuhmon kaupunki
The Town hall
The Town hall
Coat of arms of Kuhmo
Coat of arms
Kuhmo.sijainti.suomi.2008.svg
Coordinates: 64°07.5′N 029°31′E / 64.1250°N 29.517°E / 64.1250; 29.517Coordinates: 64°07.5′N 029°31′E / 64.1250°N 29.517°E / 64.1250; 29.517
Country Finland
Region Kainuu
Sub-region Kehys-Kainuu sub-region
Charter 1865
City rights 1986
Government
 • Town Manager Eila Valtanen
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 5,456.82 km2 (2,106.89 sq mi)
 • Land 4,806.85 km2 (1,855.94 sq mi)
 • Water 649.97 km2 (250.95 sq mi)
Area rank 12th largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 9,271
 • Rank 107th largest in Finland
 • Density 1.93/km2 (5.0/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 98.3% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 1.6%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 13.1%
 • 15 to 64 63.5%
 • 65 or older 23.5%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 20.25%
Website www.kuhmo.fi

Kuhmo is a town and a municipality in Finland and is located at the south-eastern corner of the Kainuu region. The municipality has a population of 9,271 (31 January 2014)[2] and covers an area of 5,456.82 square kilometres (2,106.89 sq mi) of which 649.97 km2 (250.95 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 1.93 inhabitants per square kilometre (5.0 /sq mi). It has a borderline of 120 kilometres (75 mi) with Russia.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

History[edit]

In the beginning of 17th century people of Kuhmo were included in the parishes of Kajaani and Oulujärvi. Kuhmo became a municipality in 1865 and was known by the name Kuhmoniemi until 1937 when the name was shortened to Kuhmo. Kuhmo gained city rights in 1986.

During 19th century tar burning and burn-beating were economically essential to Kuhmo. In the year 1900 tar production in Kuhmo was highest in Finland, at 1.6 million litres.

The Winter War is an important event in the history of Kuhmo. During the war Kuhmo was bombarded 48 times and ground battles took place as near as ten kilometers from the center of the town. After the war Kuhmo kept its eastern borderline unchanged in accordance with the Moscow Peace Treaty, thus having an unchanged borderline for 400 years straight since the Treaty of Tyavzino of 1595.

Culture[edit]

Kuhmo is well known for its Kuhmo Chamber Music Festival which is held annually. The festival was founded in 1970 by cellist Seppo Kimanen and a small group of friends. A book on this subject was published in 2006.[6]

Geography[edit]

By area the municipality is the second largest in the region (and the twelfth largest in the country), covering twice the land area of Luxembourg. The population is heavily concentrated in Kuhmo-town. Most of the area is very wild, featuring more than 600 lakes and for the rest extensively forested, providing a home to abundant wild life that includes bears, wolves and, less commonly, reindeer. The topography is made up of low hills, of which the most significant are near the Russian frontier on the eastern side. To the south Kuhmo is bordered by North Karelia.

Sights[edit]

  • Kuhmo Arts Centre
  • Kalevala Village
  • Juminkeko – The Information Center for the Kalevala and Karelian Culture.[7]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kuhmo is twinned with:

The Districts and Villages of the Town of Kuhmo[edit]

Districts:

  • Akonlahti
  • Hankaranta
  • Jaurakko
  • Kalevala
  • Kanninlampi
  • Kantola
  • Keitaala
  • Kontio
  • Korkeamäki
  • Kuhmoniemi
  • Levälahti
  • Pajakka
  • Piilola
  • Saarikoski
  • Sormula
  • Suvanto

Villages:

  • Haukela
  • Hietaperä
  • Härmänkylä
  • Hukkajärvi
  • Iivantiira
  • Jonkeri
  • Juonto
  • Juttua
  • Jyrkkä
  • Jämäs
  • Kalliojoki
  • Katerma
  • Kattilakoski
  • Kiekinkoski
  • Kivikiekki
  • Korpisalmi

Villages: (cont'd)

  • Kuumu
  • Kuusamonkylä
  • Lammasperä
  • Lauvuskylä
  • Lentiira
  • Lentua
  • Niemiskylä
  • Niva
  • Saunajärvi
  • Timoniemi
  • Rasti
  • Seilonen
  • Sylväjä
  • Vartius
  • Vepsä
  • Vieksi

Villages: (cont'd)

  • Viiksimo
  • Vuosanka
  • Ypykkävaara

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Listen, there's music from the forest: a short presentation of the Kuhmo Chamber Music Festival", in English and French, by Jean-Jacques Subrenat, ISBN 978-952-92-0564-6.
  7. ^ "Juminkeko - The Information Center for the Kalevala and Karelian Culture". Juminkeko.fi. Retrieved 2014-08-23. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kuhmo at Wikimedia Commons