Kujang (weapon)

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This article is about the weapon. For the North Korean county, see Kujang. For other uses, see Kujang (disambiguation).
Kujang
Kujang.jpg
Kujang, a typical weapon of Sundanese.
Type Dagger, Ceremonial Knife
Place of origin West Java, Indonesia
Service history
Used by Sundanese
Specifications
Weight 300 grams approximately
Length 20-25cm

Blade type Single edge, convex grind
Hilt type Water buffalo horn, wooden
Scabbard/sheath Water buffalo horn, wooden

The Kujang is a blade weapon native to the Sundanese people of Western Java, Indonesia. The earliest Kujang made is around the 8th or 9th century. It is forged out of iron, steel and pattern welding steel with a length of approximately 20-25cm and weighs about 300 grams. According to Sanghyang siksakanda ng karesian canto XVII, Kujang was the weapon of farmers and has its roots in agriculture purpose. It is thought to have originated from its predecessor, a Kudi.[1] Kujang is one of the traditional weapons in the Sundanese school of Pencak Silat. The Kujang, like the Keris, is a blade of sentimental and spiritual value to the people of Indonesia, who have a vast belief in supernatural powers.

Description[edit]

Characteristics of a Kujang includes a cutting edge and other parts such as pepatuk / congo the tip of the blade, eluk / silih the bulging curve at the base of the blade, tadah the inward curve at the belly of the blade, and mata small holes on the blade that are covered with gold or silver. Apart from its unique characteristics that tend to be thin, the material is dry, porous and contains many natural metal elements.

In Bogor poem as it is spoken by Anis Djatisunda (1996-2000), the Kujang has many functions and shapes. Based on functions there are four of them namely, Kujang Pusaka (symbol of grandeur and safety protection), Kujang Pakarang (warfare), Kujang Pangarak (ceremonial), and Kujang Pamangkas (agricultural tool). As for the shapes, there is the Kujang Jago (shape of a rooster), Kujang Ciung (shape of a Javan Cochoa bird), Kujang Kuntul (shape of an Egret bird), Kujang Badak (shape of a Rhinoceros), Kujang Naga (shape of a mythical dragon), and Kujang Bangkong (shape of a frog). Apart from that there are shapes of the Kujang blade that resemble female characters of Wayang Kulit as a symbol of fertility.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Albert G Van Zonneveld (2002). Traditional Weapons of the Indonesian Archipelago. Koninklyk Instituut Voor Taal Land. ISBN 9-0545-0004-2.