A basic map of the five Kulin alliance nations
Kulin nation was an alliance of five Indigenous Australian nations in Central Victoria, Australia, before European settlement, that spoke related languages. Their collective territory extended to around Port Phillip and Western Port, up into the Great Dividing Range and the Loddon and Goulburn River valleys. To their east lived the Gunai/Kurnai people of Gippsland. Five distinct languages were spoken in two groups. The Eastern Kulin group includes Woiwurrung, Bunurong, Taungurong, Ngurai-illam-wurrung. The western language group included just Wathaurung.
Nations [ edit ]
Woiwurrung (Woy-wur-rung) – The Wurundjeri People
Boonerwrung (Bun-er-rung) – The Bunurung or Boonerwrung People
Wathaurrung (Wath-er-rung) – The Wathaurrung People
Daungwurrung (Tung-ger-rung) – The Taungurong People
Dja Dja Wrung (Jar-Jar wrung) – The Dja Dja Wurrung or Jaara People
Diplomacy [ edit ]
When foreign people passed through or were invited onto tribal lands, the ceremony of
Tanderrum – freedom of the bush – would be performed. This allowed safe passage and temporary access and use of land and resources by foreign people. It was a diplomatic rite involving the landholder's hospitality and a ritual exchange of gifts.
References [ edit ]
People of the Merri Merri. The Wurundjeri in Colonial Days. By Isabel Ellender and Peter Christiansen
ISBN 0-9577728-0-7 The First Residents of Melbourne's Western Region. By Gary Presland
ISBN 0-646-33150-7 Wauthaurong Too Bloody Strong: Stories and life journeys of people from Wauthaurong, By Bruce Pascoe (ed.), Pascoe Publishing Pty Ltd, Apollo Bay, Victoria, Australia.
External links [ edit ]