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This article is about the Australian Aboriginal nation. For other uses, see Kulin (disambiguation).
A basic map of the five Kulin alliance nations

The Kulin nation is an alliance of five Indigenous Australian nations in Central Victoria, Australia. Before European invasion, the five tribes spoke five related languages. Their collective territory extends around Port Phillip and Western Port, up into the Great Dividing Range and the Loddon and Goulburn River valleys. To their east live the Gunai/Kurnai people of Gippsland. Five distinct languages were spoken in two groups. The Eastern Kulin group includes Woiwurrung, Bunurong, Taungurong, Ngurai-illam-wurrung. The western language group includes just Wathaurung.


  • Woiwurrung (Woy-wur-rung) – The Wurundjeri People
  • Boonrwrung (Bun-er-rung) – The Bunurong or Boonerwrung People
  • Wathaurrung (Wath-er-rung) – The Wathaurong People
  • Daungwurrung (Tung-ger-rung) – The Taungurong People
  • Dja Dja Wrung (Jar-Jar wrung) – The Dja Dja Wurrung or Jaara People.


Main article: Tanderrum

When foreign people passed through or were invited onto tribal lands, the ceremony of Tanderrum – freedom of the bush – would be performed. This allowed safe passage and temporary access and use of land and resources by foreign people. It was a diplomatic rite involving the landholder's hospitality and a ritual exchange of gifts.


  • People of the Merri Merri. The Wurundjeri in Colonial Days., by Isabel Ellender and Peter Christiansen. ISBN 0-9577728-0-7
  • The First Residents of Melbourne's Western Region, by Gary Presland. ISBN 0-646-33150-7
  • Wauthaurong Too Bloody Strong: Stories and life journeys of people from Wauthaurong, by Bruce Pascoe (ed.) (1997), Pascoe Publishing Pty Ltd, Apollo Bay, Victoria, Australia. ISBN 094708731-1


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