As the name seems to be an Akkadian phrase meaning "All of them (were) lord", it has sometimes been suggested that the occurrence of this name on the list was intended to denote a period of no central authority in the early period of Kish. The following kings of Kish on the list preceding Etana are all names of animals, such as Zuqaqip (scorpion).
- John Maier, Gilgamesh: a Reader, p. 244; Jean-Jacques Glassner, Mesopotamian Chronicles p. 60.
|King of Sumer
legendary, or ca. 2550 BC
|Lugal of Kish
after ca. 2900 BC
|Ante-Diluvian kings||Alulim · Dumuzid the Shepherd · Ziusudra||3rd Dynasty of Kish||Kubaba|
|1st Dynasty of Kish||Etana · Enmebaragesi||3rd Dynasty of Uruk||Lugal-zage-si|
|1st Dynasty of Uruk||Enmerkar · Lugalbanda · Dumuzid, the Fisherman · Gilgamesh||Dynasty of Akkad||Sargon · Tashlultum · Enheduanna · Rimush · Manishtushu ·
Naram-Sin · Shar-Kali-Sharri · Dudu · Shu-turul
|1st Dynasty of Ur||Meskalamdug · Mesannepada · Puabi|
|2nd Dynasty of Uruk||Enshakushanna||2nd Dynasty of Lagash||Puzer-Mama · Gudea|
|1st Dynasty of Lagash||Ur-Nanshe · Eannatum · En-anna-tum I · Entemena · Urukagina||5th Dynasty of Uruk||Utu-hengal|
|Dynasty of Adab||Lugal-Anne-Mundu||3rd dynasty of Ur||Ur-Nammu · Shulgi · Amar-Sin · Shu-Sin · Ibbi-Sin|
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