|36th Governor of Oregon|
January 13, 2003 – January 10, 2011
|Preceded by||John Kitzhaber|
|Succeeded by||John Kitzhaber|
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Oregon|
January 4, 1997 – June 18, 2001
|Nominated by||John Kitzhaber|
|Preceded by||Richard Unis|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Balmer|
|14th Attorney General of Oregon|
January 4, 1993 – January 4, 1997
|Preceded by||Charles Crookham|
|Succeeded by||Hardy Myers|
November 5, 1940 |
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||University of Missouri|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
Theodore R. "Ted" Kulongoski (pron.: // KUUL-əng-GOS-kee; born November 5, 1940) is an American politician who served as the 36th Governor of Oregon from 2003 to 2011. A Democrat, he served in both houses of the Oregon Legislative Assembly and also served as the state Insurance Commissioner. He was the Attorney General of Oregon from 1993 to 1997 and an Associate Justice on the Oregon Supreme Court from 1997 to 2001.
Early life and career 
Kulongoski was born in St. Louis Missouri in 1940. He was 4 years old when his father died, and spent the rest of his childhood in a Catholic boys' home. After High school, Kulongoski served in the Marines. With the help of the G.I. Bill, he obtained an undergraduate and law degree from the University of Missouri in 1970. Kulongoski then moved to Eugene, Oregon and became a labor lawyer.
Early political career 
In 1974, Kulongoski was elected to the Oregon House of Representatives and, in 1978, to the Oregon State Senate. In Oregon's 1980 United States Senate election, he ran an unsuccessful race against Republican Bob Packwood. In 1982, he made his first bid for governor; he was defeated by Republican incumbent Victor G. Atiyeh.
At the 1980 Democratic National Convention then-State Senator and U.S. Senate nominee Kulongoski received 8 (0.24%) delegate votes for Vice President of the United States. Kulongoski was not a candidate and incumbent Walter Mondale was easily renominated.
In 1987, Oregon Governor Neil Goldschmidt appointed Kulongoski to the post of state insurance commissioner. In that role, Kulongoski reformed the state's workers' compensation insurance system, a move that is widely credited for lowering costs to business.
1992 and 1996 elections 
In 1992, Kulongoski was elected as Oregon Attorney General, defeating Republican Rich Rodeman. As Attorney General, he focused on reforming the juvenile justice system. In 1996, Kulongoski decided against running for re-election as Attorney General, and instead successfully ran for the Oregon Supreme Court. He resigned from the court in 2001 to run for governor.
2002 gubernatorial election 
After winning the Democratic party nomination in the 2002 race for governor, Kulongoski's opponent was Republican Kevin Mannix. Kulongoski ran a low-key campaign, emphasizing his reputation as a consensus-builder and problem solver. His television commercials featured such feel-good scenes as the candidate bowling. He argued for a pragmatic approach to solving the state's budget crisis and recession, a marked departure from the more confrontational style of outgoing governor (and fellow Democrat) John Kitzhaber. Mannix argued that the Democratic Party had held the governorship in Oregon too long, and pledged to reduce government spending without cutting vital services. Many of Kulongoski's supporters were disappointed with his campaign, feeling he did not adequately respond to Mannix's challenge. Kulongoski narrowly won the election, winning 618,004 votes (49%), with 581,785 votes (46%) going to Mannix, and 57,760 votes (5%) going to Libertarian candidate Tom Cox.
Kulongoski took office on January 13, 2003. He inherited a state facing a massive budget deficit and high unemployment. Furthermore, he faced the task of dealing with problems with the public employees' pension system without angering the labor unions that backed his campaign. As Governor, he was a member of the National Governors Association and the Democratic Governors Association.
2006 gubernatorial election 
On December 1, 2005 the Eugene Register-Guard reported that former Democratic Governor John Kitzhaber was considering challenging Kulongoski in the Democratic primary. But one month later, Kitzhaber announced he would not do so, as did another potential Democratic rival, State Senator Vicki Walker. This left Governor Kulongoski with two challengers: Lane County Commissioner Pete Sorenson, and former State treasurer Jim Hill, both of whom accused Kulongoski of betraying Democratic Party principles. Stated Hill, "From my standpoint, [the Democratic Party primary debate] is a good opportunity to show what a horrible Democrat Ted has been". The Service Employees International Union Local 503 endorsed Jim Hill, and the Multnomah County Democratic Central Committee decided to endorse Kulongoski's rivals but not him at a February 19, 2006 meeting.
On May 16, 2006, Kulongoski won the Democratic primary with 54% of the vote. Jim Hill finished second with 25%, Pete Sorenson third with 16% of the vote.
Kulongoski faced multiple opponents in the general election: Republican Party candidate Ron Saxton, Constitution Party candidate Mary Starrett, Libertarian Party candidate Richard Morley, and Pacific Green Party candidate Joe Keating. Former Republican Ben Westlund planned on running as independent, but on August 10, 2006 withdrew from the race, stating that "I made a commitment to the people of Oregon that I was in it to win it and that I absolutely would not play a spoiler role".
Second term 
In February 2007, Kulongoski and State Senator Brad Avakian worked to clarify that Oregon recognizes no position of "state climatologist" in response to the use of that title by Oregon State University professor George Taylor, who believes that human activities are not the main cause of global climate change. Kulongoski said the state needs a consistent message on reducing greenhouse gases to combat climate change.
Beginning the week of April 24, 2007, Kulongoski gained national attention when he joined a campaign, known as the food stamp challenge, that portrays the difficulty living on the average weekly food stamp allotment of $21.
|“||Oregon State Beavers baseball team will repeat as champions and defeat the University of North Carolina Tar Heels for a second time in the championship of the 2007 NCAA College World Series.||”|
In May 2010, Kulongoski suffered a vitreous hemorrhage in the eye due to fragile, abnormal blood vessels that have grown in the retina of the eye. According to Kulongoski spokeswoman Anna Richter Taylor, the governor is scheduled for outpatient surgery at Oregon Health & Science University on June 30, 2010 to surgically remove the vitreous gel from the middle of the eye so full vision can be restored.
Later life 
After leaving the governor's office, he was appointed by John Kitzhaber to the Public Safety Commission as part of a review of Oregon's sentencing guidelines. In 2012, Kulongoski joined the faculty at Portland State University in the school's Mark O. Hatfield School of Government.
Electoral history 
|Oregon Gubernatorial Election 2002|
|Oregon Gubernatorial Election 2006|
|Democratic||Ted Kulongoski (Incumbent)||698,562||50.8||+1.8|
|Constitution (Oregon)||Mary Starrett||50,103||3.6|
- Governor Ted Kulongoski About Governor Kulongoski
- Fogarty, Colin (May 3, 2002). "Candidate Profile: Ted Kulongoski". OPB Radio News. Retrieved 2007-01-20.
- Steves, David (June 18, 2001). "Former Oregon Gubernatorial Candidate Says He's Ready to Win This Time". The Register Guard.
- "Oregonians stay faithful to Kennedy". The Register-Guard. August 15, 1980. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- Oregon Blue Book: Attorneys General of Oregon
- Official Results, Supreme Court – 5/21/96 Biennial Primary
- http://www.sos.state.or.us/elections/nov52002/abstract/gov.pdf 2002 Election results
- The Kulongoski Years
- Steves, David (December 1, 2005). "Walker puts decision on hold". The Register-Guard.
- SEIU 503
- welcome | Multnomah County Democratic Party
- HinesSight: Facts about George Taylor and the “state climatologist”
- Global warming debate spurs Ore. title tiff
- Yardley, William (May 1, 2007). "Statehouse Journal: A Governor Truly Tightens His Belt". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-05-05.
- Wong, Peter (April 25, 2007). "Governor shops on a shoestring". Statesman Journal. Retrieved 2007-04-25.[dead link]
- Governor Ted Kulongoski Press Release
- Basic Rights Oregon » Blog Archive » Kulongoski Signs Domestic Partnerships and Anti-Discrimination
- Weigler, Jake (June 22, 2007). Oregon: Oregon Governor's Office http://governor.oregon.gov/Gov/P2007/press_062207.shtml Missing or empty
- AP. "Ore. governor to have eye surgery." The Columbian. The Columbian, 23 June 2010. Web. 24 June 2010. <http://www.columbian.com/news/2010/jun/23/ore-governor-to-have-eye-surgery/>.
- Mapes, Jeff (March 28, 2012). "Former Oregon Gov. Ted Kulongoski takes teaching position at Portland State University". The Oregonian. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
- Oregon Governor Ted Kulongoski official state site
- Biography at the National Governors Association
- Biography, interest group ratings, public statements, vetoes and campaign finances at Project Vote Smart
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Campaign contributions at FollowTheMoney.org
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Ted Kulongoski in the Oregon State Voter's Guide, 2006 May primary
|Attorney General of Oregon
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Oregon
|Governor of Oregon