|• Governor||Ikuo Kabashima|
|• Total||7,404.14 km2 (2,858.75 sq mi)|
|Population (May 1, 2011)|
|• Density||244.76/km2 (633.9/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-43|
|Flower||Gentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)|
|Tree||Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)|
|Bird||Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)|
Historically the area was called Higo Province; and the province was renamed Kumamoto during the Meiji Restoration. The creation of prefectures was part of the abolition of the feudal system. The current Japanese orthography for Kumamoto literally means "bear root/origin", or "origin of the bear".
Kumamoto Prefecture is in the center of Kyūshū, the southernmost of the four major Japanese islands. It is bordered by the Ariake inland sea and the Amakusa archipelago to the west, Fukuoka Prefecture and Ōita Prefecture to the north, Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.
There are nine districts and 45 municipalities.
As of 31 March 2008, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: the Aso Kujū and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Parks; and Ashikita Kaigan, Itsuki Gokanoshō, Kinpōzan, Misumi-Ōyano Umibe, Okukuma, Shōtaisan, and Yabe Shūhen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Fourteen cities are in Kumamoto Prefecture:
Towns and villages 
Towns and villages in each district:
The population is 1,812,255. The prefecture ranks 23rd in Japan. The population density is 244.76 people per square kilometer.
There is a Honda automobile plant.
- Mt. Aso is one of the world's largest active volcanoes.
- Kumamoto Castle
- Suizenji Park.
- Tsūjun Bridge, the largest stone aqueduct in Japan is in Yamato.
- Kumamoto University
- Kumamoto Prefectural University
- Kumamoto Gakuen University
- Kumamoto Health Science
- Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare
- Kyushu Lutheran College
- Kumamoto Health Science
- Shokei Gakuen University
- Sojo University
- Heisei College of Music
- Tokai University of Kumamoto
- JR Kyushu
- Kumamoto Electric Railway
- Kumagawa Railroad
- South Aso Railway
- Hisatsu Orange Railway
Expressway and Toll Road 
National Highway 
- Route 3
- Route 57
- Route 208 (Kumamoto-Tamana-Arao-Ōmuta)
- Route 212
- Route 218 (Kumamoto-Takachiho-Nobeoka)
- Route 219
- Route 265
- Route 266
- Route 267 (Hitoyoshi-Isa-Satsuma-Satsumasendai)
- Route 268
- Route 324
- Route 325 (Yamaga-Minamiaso-Takamori-Takachiho)
- Route 387
- Route 388 (Saiki-Nobeoka-Unomae)
- Route 389
- Route 442
- Route 443
- Route 445
- Route 501 (Ōmuta-Arao-Udo)
- Route 503
Ferry Route 
These sports teams are based in the prefecture:
- Kumamoto Golden Larks - regional baseball
Sister cities 
Notable people 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2011)|
Kumamoto is the birthplace of Hollywood actor Tetsu Komai, filmmaker Kazuaki Kiriya, J-pop artist Kimeru, J-pop singer Yuri Masuda, as well as J-Pop musician Tomiko Van, author of One Piece Eiichiro Oda and Takarazuka Revue actress Yu Todoroki. Akira Muto Imperial Japanese general. AV Star Hitomi Tanaka was also born here.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kumamoto prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 572 at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Kumamoto" in p. 572 at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780 at Google Books.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
Media related to Kumamoto Prefecture at Wikimedia Commons
|Wikivoyage has travel information related to: Kumamoto_prefecture|
- National Archives of Japan ... Kumamoto map (1891)