Kumara, New Zealand
Kumara is a town on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It is located 30 kilometres (19 miles) south of Greymouth, close to the western end of State Highway 73, which leads across Arthur's Pass to Christchurch. The Taramakau River flows past to the north.
Kumara was founded and became one of the country's chief gold mining centres following the discovery of gold at Dillmanstown, about 2 miles (3 km) to the south-east, in 1876. The tramline from Greymouth to Paroa was extended to Kumara the following year. The population was 4,220 in October 1877. The town became a borough in 1877. Kumara Hospital was operating by 1881 and continued into the twentieth century. In 1882, the Kumara volunteer fire brigade was formed.
In 1925, the manager of Pearns Hotel in Kumara was charged by police after she refused to supply accommodation to two visiting temperance lecturers. The Pearn's Brewery became part of Westland Ales around this time.
Although the town once had 50 pubs, the numbers dwindled. In June 2009, the last remaining pub, the Empire Hotel, had its licence cancelled by the Liquor Licensing Authority. In 2010, the last store of the town is facing closure, with only a few hundred inhabitants left. However, it is hoped that one of the New Zealand Cycle Trails to run through the town could lift the settlements fortunes again.As of late November 2012 the Theatre Royal Hotel has been renewed and re opened as the first pub and only pub serving the thirsty inhabitants of Kumara.
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- Roger Smith, GeographX (2005). The Geographic Atlas of New Zealand. Robbie Burton. map 156. ISBN 1-877333-20-4.
- Quickstats about Kumara, New Zealand
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- "Hope rests on cycleway". The Press. 18 March 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- "Te Kete Ipurangi - Kumara School". Ministry of Education.
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