Kumla

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Kumla
Kumla is located in Sweden
Kumla
Kumla
Coordinates: 59°07′N 15°08′E / 59.117°N 15.133°E / 59.117; 15.133Coordinates: 59°07′N 15°08′E / 59.117°N 15.133°E / 59.117; 15.133
Country Sweden
Province Närke
County Örebro County
Municipality Kumla Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 7.79 km2 (3.01 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 14,062
 • Density 1,806/km2 (4,680/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Kumla is a locality and the seat of Kumla Municipality, Örebro County, Sweden with 14,062 inhabitants in 2010.[1]

Geography[edit]

Kumla is situated 15 kilometres south of neighbour city Örebro, and is connected to its much larger neighbour with train and bus commuting. Kumla is unusual in terms of municipality seats in Svealand in that there is no connection to any kind of waterway in the center of the town. However, three of the four biggest lakes in the country are within an hour's drive from the town. It is also an unusually flat town, since it is situated in the middle of the so-called Närke Plain. There is also a very agrarian landscape surrounding Kumla.

Transport[edit]

Kumla is linked with several roads, including the highway E20 that is passing just west of the locality. The E20 is the fastest route to both Gothenburg and Stockholm, which Kumla is situated relatively close to the middle between the two largest Swedish cities. E20 passes Örebro as well, but there are several routes which go to the larger neighbour city from Kumla. The roads 51 (from Norrköping) and 52 (from Nyköping) also pass through Kumla.

Kumla also has a train station on the Stockholm-Gothenburg route driven by SJ.

History[edit]

Traditionally Kumla was known as a shoemaker town with a history back to the first half of the 19th century.

Kumla got the title of a city in 1942, but is since 1971 the seat of the larger Kumla Municipality.

Today[edit]

Today the industry is dominated by the manufacturing of jam at BOB[disambiguation needed] industries,[citation needed] and communication systems at an Ericsson industry.

Notability[edit]

Today the name Kumla is renowned for its prison ("the Kumla Institution", or Kumlaanstalten, commonly known as 'The Bunker'), which is the largest prison in the country. Opened in 1965, it can currently allow 333 inmates, with a similarly large staff, and is designated for "difficult" inmates and for those at the start of a life-term sentence. It is one of three Swedish prisons housing the most notorious and dangerous inmates.

Formula 1 driver Marcus Ericsson was born in the town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.