Kumlinge

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Kumlinge
Municipality
Kumlinges kommun
Kumlinge Church
Kumlinge Church
Coat of arms of Kumlinge
Coat of arms
Location of Kumlinge in Finland
Location of Kumlinge in Finland
Kumlinge is located in Åland
Kumlinge
Kumlinge
Location in Åland Islands
Coordinates: 60°15.5′N 020°46.7′E / 60.2583°N 20.7783°E / 60.2583; 20.7783Coordinates: 60°15.5′N 020°46.7′E / 60.2583°N 20.7783°E / 60.2583; 20.7783
Country Finland
Region Åland
Sub-region Archipelago sub-region
Government
 • Municipal manager Jim Eriksson
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 860.38 km2 (332.19 sq mi)
 • Land 99.26 km2 (38.32 sq mi)
 • Water 761.12 km2 (293.87 sq mi)
Area rank 131st largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 343
 • Rank 334th largest in Finland
 • Density 3.46/km2 (9.0/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Swedish 89.2% (official)
 • Finnish 6.1%
 • Others 4.7%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 8.9%
 • 15 to 64 63.6%
 • 65 or older 27.5%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 18.5%
Website www.kumlinge.ax

Kumlinge is a municipality consisting of a group of islands in Åland, an autonomous territory of Finland. Kumlinge, which is also the name of the largest island in the group, means "rocky passage."

The municipality has a population of 343 (31 January 2014)[2] and covers an area of 860.38 square kilometres (332.19 sq mi) of which 761.12 km2 (293.87 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 3.46 inhabitants per square kilometre (9.0 /sq mi).

89.2% of the population is Swedish-speaking, 6.1% is Finnish-speaking, and 4.7% speak other languages.[3]

The Kumlinge Airfield is situated on the main island.

History[edit]

A milepost in Kumlinge along the King's Road showing distances in versts to for example St Petersburg, Turku and Helsinki.

The first visitors to Kumlinge were Vikings who stopped there during their voyages. The first permanent residents arrived in the 13th century. According to taxrolls from the 16th century there were about a dozen houses on the main island at the time, home to mostly farmers and fishermen. In the 20th century the population of Kumlinge slowly began to decline.

Sights[edit]

The church in the village is dedicated to St. Anne and dates from the 15th century. There are two farm museums in Kumlinge: Hermas museigård and Sjölunds gårdsmuseum. There is also a memorial stone in Fälberget which is dedicated to the war of 1808 when a Russian battalion was defeated in the village of Kumlinge. The old post route also goes through Kumlinge.

Demographics[edit]

Island
Population
Kumlinge
238
Enklinge
87
Seglinge
51
Björkö
20
Other (e.g. in hospitals)
3
Panorama

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 

External links[edit]