Kundgol

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Kundgol
Kundagola
city
Shambhulinga temple at Kundgol
Shambhulinga temple at Kundgol
Kundgol is located in Karnataka
Kundgol
Kundgol
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 15°15′N 75°15′E / 15.25°N 75.25°E / 15.25; 75.25Coordinates: 15°15′N 75°15′E / 15.25°N 75.25°E / 15.25; 75.25
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Dharwad
Elevation 615 m (2,018 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 16,837
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KA-63
Website www.kundagoltown.gov.in

Kundgol also spelled as Kundagola is a panchayat town in Dharwad district in the Indian state of Karnataka.

Introduction[edit]

Shambhulinga temple at Kundgol, Karnataka

Kundgol is Located in Dharwad District of Karnataka is about 14 km south-west of Hubli and 32 km south-west of Dharwad.

This town is the birthplace of Rambhau Kundgolkar (popular as Pandit Sawai Gandharva), a well known Hindustani musician. Gangubai Hangal, Bhimsen Joshi were his disciples.

History[edit]

Kundagol also comes under the core area of Western Chalukya Empire. The existence of 11th century Shri Shambhulingeshwara temple supports this claim.

Prior to 1948, Kundgol was a non-contiguous part of the princely state of Jamkhandi.

Hindustani music and Kundgol[edit]

Wade at Kundagol. Sawai Gandharva, Bhimsen Joshi, Gangubai Hangal are associated with this Wade
Wade at Kundagol. Sawai Gandharva, Bhimsen Joshi, Gangubai Hangal are associated with this wade
  • Pandit Sawai Gandharva

Rambhau Kundgolkar, popularly known as Sawai Gandharva, was born here in 1886.

Pandit Bhimsen Joshi travelled all over the country looking for an elusive guru. Finally a musician advised him to return home as the best guru was actually very near to his home, Sawai Gandharva in Kundgol. At first the guru rejected Joshi saying his voice is not good but, finally agreed to take him after seeing his determination and thirst for music.

According to Gangubai Hangal, Late Abdul Karim Khan visited Dharwad in 1900 and taught Sawai Gandharva, a guru who produced many great disciplines like Dr Hangal and Pandit Bhimsen Joshi. The Nadgir family of Kundgol is known for patronising Hindustani music.

To cater to the needs of cultural activities the Dharwad city boasts of an opera house Savai Gandharava Natyagraha [3] named after the great Hindustani Musician Savai Gandharva the native of Kundgol town near Hubli, on the Hubli - Bangalore rail line. The great celebrity in Hindustani music of the modern times. Dr. Smt. Gangubai Hangal also hails from this place and a resident of Hubli.

  • Dr. Smt. Gangubai Hangal [4]

was born in the family of musicians on 5 March 1913 at Dharwad. Her mother Smt Ambabai was a renowned carnatic singer and father Sri Chikkurao Nadiger of Ranebennur was an agriculturist. Dr Gangubai was Initiated into music by her mother. She learnt music under the guidance of Sri Krishnamacharya Hulgur and later under Sri Sawai Gandharv alias Sri Rambhau Kundgolkar a disciple of late Ustad Abdul Karim Khan, the main architect of kirana gharana school of music.

Tourism[edit]

Shri Shambhulingeshwara temple at Kundgol, Karnataka
Shri Shambhulingeshwara temple at Kundgol, Karnataka
Shri Shambhulingeshwara temple at Kundgol, Karnataka
Shri Shambhulingeshwara temple at Kundgol, Karnataka

At Kundgol there is a huge Shiva temple of 11th century called Shri Shambhulingeshwara Temple,[8][9] built by Western Chalukyas. It is built with highly polished stones, which are dovetailed into one another. The carvings and images on the pillars are well cut.

On the side of the door steps of the temple, carvings of the Lion face a long scroll issuing from its mouth.

This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Parvati. Although damaged, the exterior of the temple is decorated with lotus and kirtimukha faces and apparently hundreds of Brahmanical images.

This temple was a victim of Muhammadans. It was repaired by a former chief (During 1808-9).

Geography[edit]

Kundgol is located at 15°15′N 75°15′E / 15.25°N 75.25°E / 15.25; 75.25.[10] It has an average elevation of 615 metres (2017 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[11] Kundgol had a population of 16,837. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Kundgol has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 54%. In Kundgol, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

There are KSRTC buses from Hubli and Dharwad and nearest towns to Kundagol. This town is also connected by Railway network and it's Railway Station code is KNO.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "bhimsen-joshi-indian-classical-music". Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  2. ^ "News, on Bhimsen-joshi and Gangubai Hangal". Retrieved 2008-08-26. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Newsrelated to Savai Gandharva". Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  4. ^ "dr-gangubai-hangal". Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  5. ^ Indian Temple Architecture. Adam Hardy. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  6. ^ The Hindu Temple. Stella Kramrisch, Raymond Burnier. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  7. ^ "Close view of one of the entrance porches of the open mandapa of the temple at Kundgol". Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  8. ^ "Chapter XIV, Karnataka, The Tourist Paradise". Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  9. ^ The Hindu Temple By Stella Kramrisch, Raymond Burnier. Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  10. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kundgol
  11. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.