Kundiawa

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Kundiawa
Kundiawa.jpg
Kundiawa is located in Papua New Guinea
Kundiawa
Kundiawa
Location within Papua New Guinea
Coordinates: 6°01′S 144°58′E / 6.017°S 144.967°E / -6.017; 144.967
Country Papua New Guinea
Province Simbu Province
District Kundiawa-Gembogl District
LLG Kundiawa Urban
Elevation 1,524 m (5,000 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 11,553
Languages
 • Main languages Kuman, Tok Pisin, English, Dom, Sinasina
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
Postcode 461
Location 85 km (53 mi) E of Mount Hagen

Kundiawa is the capital of Simbu Province, Papua New Guinea, with a population of 8,147 (2000 Census). It lies along the Highlands Highway approximately halfway between Goroka and Mount Hagen, respectively the capitals of the Eastern Highlands and Western Highlands provinces.

It is a relatively small town, containing a bank, a police station, one of the few airports in the province, several stores, a hospital, a post office, a second-hand market, two food markets and several churches. The Highlands Highway is the only paved road that leads out of it, but there are several smaller, unpaved roads, including one of the roads to Mount Wilhelm.

Kundiawa is the centre of activity for people who are formally employed (which is a relatively small minority, because most people farm) but also for people who want to sell the coffee that they have grown, or to catch PMVs (public motor vehicles) to other towns. The busiest time in Kundiawa is every other Friday afternoon, because this is when everyone gets paid.

The Wahgi River runs along one side of Kundiawa, and the Simbu River, which runs on and becomes the Wahgi, flows along the other side. The terrain around Kundiawa is very steep and mountainous, and many people walk several kilometres each way to get to Kundiawa from their villages because they don't have access to roads. These rugged terrains prevent people from having an elaborate commercial agriculture. However, they are known for their skilled cultivation on these very steep, sloping terrains. Their main foods are sweet potato, taro, banana, and sugar cane. Coffee is the main cash crop.

There are different ethnic-linguistic groups, Dom, Bomai, Golin and Kuman. The most spoken language is the Kuman with more than 115,000 speakers. Kuman is understood and spoken by almost all the different ethnic groups. England wicketkeeper Geraint Jones was born in Kundiawa.