Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen

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Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen
Kunhuta hrob.jpg
Kunigunde's tomb at the Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia
Queen consort of Bohemia
Tenure 1230–1248
Spouse Wenceslaus I of Bohemia
Issue Vladislaus, Margrave of Moravia

Ottokar II of Bohemia

House House of Hohenstaufen (by birth)
Přemyslid dynasty (by marriage)
Father Philip of Swabia
Mother Irene Angelina
Born February or March 1202
Swabia, Germany
Died 13 September 1248 (aged 47–48)
Prague, Bohemia
Burial Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia in Prague

Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen or Kunigunde of Swabia (German: Kunigunde von Staufen or Kunigunde von Schwaben, Czech: Kunhuta Štaufská or Kunhuta Švábská) (February/March 1202 – 13 September 1248) was the third daughter of Philip, Duke of Swabia and his wife, Irene Angelina.[1]

Family[edit]

She and her three sisters were orphaned in 1208; that year, her father was murdered, and a few months later her mother died following the birth of a fifth daughter, who did not live either.[1]

Marriage and children[edit]

Kunigunge soon moved to Prague, where her fiancé Wenceslaus lived. He was the eldest surviving son of Ottokar I of Bohemia and his second wife Constance of Hungary.[2] (Constance was a daughter of Béla III of Hungary and Agnes of Antioch [3] ). In 1224, Kunigunde married Wenceslaus. They were crowned in 1228.[4]

In 1230, Wenceslaus succeeded his father as King of Bohemia, with Kunigunde as his queen consort. However, Queen Kunigunde seems to be not important in politics, although she was the founder of monasteries. They had five children:[2]

When Wenceslaus' childless brother Přemysl, Margrave of Moravia died in 1239, the sons of Wenceslaus and Kunigunde were the only chances for the survival of the House of Přemysl. The first-born son Vladislaus died in 1247. His mother probably mourned for him less than his father, who was heartbroken.

In 1248, the younger son Přemysl was enticed by discontented nobles to lead a rebellion against his father. Queen Kunigunde stayed in Prague, but died during this revolt on 13 September 1248. Neither husband nor son attended her funeral. She was buried in the Agnes nunnery.

The rebellion was defeated and Ottokar was imprisoned by his father, but released shortly afterwards.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cawley, Charles, Profile of Philip of Swabia and his children, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 ,[better source needed]
  2. ^ a b Cawley, Charles, Profile of Wenceslaus I and his children, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 ,[better source needed]
  3. ^ Cawley, Charles, Profile of Bela III and his children, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 ,[better source needed]
  4. ^ Druhé pokračování Kosmovy kroniky, Praha: Svoboda, 1974, OCLC 3097148 

References[edit]

Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen
Born: 1200? Died: 13 September 1248
Royal titles
Preceded by
Constance of Hungary
Queen consort of Bohemia
1230–1248
Succeeded by
Margaret, Duchess of Austria