Kuntsevo District

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Kuntsevo District
Кунцево (Russian)
Msk zao kuntsevo.svg
Location of Kuntsevo District in Moscow
Coordinates: 55°44′N 37°26′E / 55.733°N 37.433°E / 55.733; 37.433Coordinates: 55°44′N 37°26′E / 55.733°N 37.433°E / 55.733; 37.433
Coat of Arms of Kuntsevo (municipality in Moscow).png
Flag of Kuntsevo (municipality in Moscow).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow
Administrative structure
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 142,497 inhabitants[1]
- Urban 100%
- Rural 0%
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[2]
Official website
Kuntsevo District on WikiCommons

Kuntsevo (Russian: Ку́нцево) is a district in Western Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia. Population: 142,497 (2010 Census);[1] 125,100 (2002 Census).[3]

History[edit]

In the 18th century, a palace and a park were built; they were often visited by the Empress Catherine II. Kuntsevo is the site of the Church of Theotokos Orans. In the 19th century, Kuntsevo became a summer resort for the Muscovites. A summer theater was opened in 1890. Artists and writers lived and worked in Kuntsevo; among them Nikolay Karamzin, Ivan Turgenev, Vasily Perov, and Ivan Kramskoy.

Kuntsevo became a town in its own right in 1926. On December 4, 1941 German troops reached Kuntsevo during the Battle of Moscow before being repulsed. In 1960, it became a part of Moscow. Now a district of Moscow, it contains many factories, residential areas, and has a well-connected infrastructure. Kuntsevo is reported to be the location of the Strategic Missile Command center.[4]

Kuntsevo Dacha[edit]

The Kuntsevo railway station

Communist leaders started to settle in Kuntsevo in the 1920s. Joseph Stalin instructed his architect, Miron Merzhanov, to build him a dacha on the bank of the Moskva River and moved there in 1934. With his move other members of the Soviet elite had their dachas built in the surroundings.[5] Stalin conducted much of his business from his Blizhnyaya Dacha (Ближняя дача) ("nearby dacha"). It was heavily protected and included a double-perimeter fence, camouflaged 30-millimeter antiaircraft guns, and a security force of three hundred NKVD special troops.[4] Stalin passed away at the dacha on March 5, 1953.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Globalsecurity.org
  5. ^ Stephen Lovell. Summerfolk: A History of the Dacha. Cornell University Press (2003),ISBN 0-8014-4071-8. p. 153f. ISBN 978-0-8014-4071-7.