Kuntsevo District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kuntsevo)
Jump to: navigation, search
Kuntsevo District
Кунцево (Russian)
Msk zao kuntsevo.svg
Location of Kuntsevo District in Moscow
Coordinates: 55°44′N 37°26′E / 55.733°N 37.433°E / 55.733; 37.433Coordinates: 55°44′N 37°26′E / 55.733°N 37.433°E / 55.733; 37.433
Coat of Arms of Kuntsevo (municipality in Moscow).png
Flag of Kuntsevo (municipality in Moscow).png
Coat of arms
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow
Population (2010 Census) 142,497 inhabitants[1]
- Urban 100%
- Rural 0%
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[2]
Official website
Kuntsevo District on WikiCommons

Kuntsevo (Russian: Ку́нцево) is a district in Western Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia. Population: 142,497 (2010 Census);[1] 125,100 (2002 Census).[3]


In the 18th century, a palace and a park were built; they were often visited by the Empress Catherine II. Kuntsevo is the site of the Church of Theotokos Orans. In the 19th century, Kuntsevo became a summer resort for the Muscovites. A summer theater was opened in 1890. Artists and writers lived and worked in Kuntsevo; among them Nikolay Karamzin, Ivan Turgenev, Vasily Perov, and Ivan Kramskoy.

Kuntsevo became a town in its own right in 1926. On December 4, 1941 German troops reached Kuntsevo during the Battle of Moscow before being repulsed. In 1960, it became a part of Moscow. Now a district of Moscow, it contains many factories, residential areas, and has a well-connected infrastructure. Kuntsevo is reported to be the location of the Strategic Missile Command center.[4]

Kuntsevo Dacha[edit]

Main article: Kuntsevo Dacha
The Kuntsevo railway station

Communist leaders started to settle in Kuntsevo in the 1920s. Joseph Stalin instructed his architect, Miron Merzhanov, to build him a dacha on the bank of the Moskva River and moved there in 1934. With his move other members of the Soviet elite had their dachas built in the surroundings.[5] Stalin conducted much of his business from his Blizhnyaya Dacha (Ближняя дача) ("nearby dacha"). It was heavily protected and included a double-perimeter fence, camouflaged 30-millimeter antiaircraft guns, and a security force of three hundred NKVD special troops.[4] Stalin died at the dacha on March 5, 1953.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Globalsecurity.org
  5. ^ Stephen Lovell. Summerfolk: A History of the Dacha. Cornell University Press (2003),ISBN 0-8014-4071-8. p. 153f. ISBN 978-0-8014-4071-7.