City view from northwest
|Municipality||Kupiškis district municipality|
|Capital of||Kupiškis district municipality
|Granted city rights||1791|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Kupiškis ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in north-eastern Lithuania. It is the capital of the Kupiškis district municipality. Kupiškis is situated on the Lėvuo and Kupa rivers. The name of the city originates from Kupa River. Gediminas bridge crosses river Kupa. There are six parts of city which are named:
- Centras (Center or Oldtown; the oldest buildings in the city; town hall; sanitation and utilities buildings; library, church; gymnasium (high school); blocks of flats, detached houses)
- Krantinė (high-rise housing complex between 4 to 5 floors; detached houses; shopping malls, kindergarten, primary school)
- Kraštiečiai (high-rise housing complex between 2 to 6 floors; shopping malls; kindergarten)
- Račiupėnai (residential area; detached houses; progymnasium (middle school), business and technological school; bus station)
- Zuntė (residential area; detached houses)
- Pramoninė teritorija (or Industrial district; factories, warehouses; train station)
The archeological findings provide evidence that even in the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC people dwelt in the surroundings of Kupiškis. However, there is no information on when the very settlement was founded. The findings around the Aukštupėnai mound show that in the 8th century a wooden defence castle loomed there.
Kupiškis was mentioned in historical sources for the first time in 1529. It was a property of Sigismund I the Old, the ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1561–1565 it was a center of small ruler center, belonged to Upytė and later - Ukmergė discrits. At that time the main road from Vilnius to Riga went via Kupiškis.
According to the Department of Statistics of Lithuania, the population of Kupiškis as of January 1, 2005 was 8,243. Ethnic composition of the Kupiškis district municipality, according to the 2001 census:
- 23,965 (97.3%) Lithuanians
- 430 (1.7%) Russians
- 64 (0.3%) Poles
- 49 (0.2%) Ukrainians
- 38 (0.2%) Belarusians
- 82 (0.3%) Other nationalities
Jews in Kupiškis
Kupiškis, known in Yiddish as Kupishok or Kupisik, was home to 1,444 Jews before World War II. In the summer of 1941, all of the Jewish men, women and children in the town were herded into a makeshift ghetto and then marched to a cemetery reserved for atheists, where they were shot and buried in unmarked pits. In the aftermath of the war, Christian midwives compiled a list of more than 800 names of the murdered Jews.
The Great Synagogue in Kupiškis was built of stone. The red brick portion was a Misnagdim Synagogue. The Great Synagogue was used as the Culture House during the Soviet period. The Misnagdim portion is now used as a boiler room for heating the main building which now contains the Public Library and Wall of Memory Holocaust Memorial erected on July 13, 2004.
- Kupiškis Laurynas Stuoka-Gucevičius Gymnasium (for students from 14 to 18)
- Kupiškis Povilas Matulionis Progymnasium (for students from 6 to 14)
- Kupiškis Kupa Primary School (for students from 6 to 10)
- Kupiškis Technological And Business School (for students from 16 to 21)
- Kupiškis Arts School
Kupiškis is twinned with:
- "Oficiálne stránky mesta Kežmarok". kezmarok.sk. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kupiškis.|
- Virtual Tour of Kupiškis
- (Lithuanian) Kupiškis district municipality official site
- Kupiskis JewishGen ShtetLinks site
- Kupiškis City photos on Miestai.net