Kurgan, Kurgan Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Kurgan (disambiguation).
Kurgan (English)
Курган (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Kuybyshev street Kurgan.jpg
Kuybysheva Street in Kurgan
Map of Russia - Kurgan Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kurgan Oblast in Russia
Kurgan is located in Kurgan Oblast
Kurgan
Kurgan
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Kurgan in Kurgan Oblast
Coordinates: 55°28′N 65°21′E / 55.467°N 65.350°E / 55.467; 65.350Coordinates: 55°28′N 65°21′E / 55.467°N 65.350°E / 55.467; 65.350
Kurgan coat of arms.png
Kurgan flag.png
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day July 9[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of December 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kurgan Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Kurgan City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Kurgan Oblast,[1] Kurgan City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2010)
Urban okrug Kurgan Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Kurgan Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needed] Pavel Kozhevnikov[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 393 km2 (152 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 333,606 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 53rd
Density 849 /km2 (2,200 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[6]
Founded 1662[citation needed]
Previous names Tsaryovo Gorodishche (until 1782)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 640ххх
Dialing code(s) +7 3522[citation needed]
Official website
Kurgan on WikiCommons

Kurgan (Russian: Курган; IPA: [kʊrˈgan]) is the city and the administrative center of Kurgan Oblast, Russia. Population: 333,606 (2010 Census);[4] 345,515 (2002 Census);[8] 355,517 (1989 Census).[9].

History[edit]

Kurgan in the 1850s

An urban settlement was established here between 1659 and 1662 as Tsaryovo Gorodishche (Царёво Городи́ще), by Timofei Neweschin, a farmer from Tyumen. In the ensuing years it was developed as a fortress town. It served as a frontier post and its fortified position enabled it to defend other Russian settlements from nomad attacks. Nevertheless, it was itself not always able to withstand such attacks, and was sometimes plundered and burnt down.

The city was granted city privileges by the Empress, Catherine the Great in 1782 which is when it acquired its present name and became the seat of an uyezd.[citation needed] The present name is taken from a large kurgan (burial mound) close to the original settlement.

Its coat of arms dates were granted on 17th March 1785, and it became the administrative center of Kurgan Oblast in 1943. Kurgan was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour in 1982.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Kurgan is the administrative center of the oblast.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Kurgan City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Kurgan City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Kurgan Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy and military[edit]

Kurgan stands on the Trans-Siberian Railway line, between Yekaterinburg and Omsk. It is served by two railway stations, the Kurgan Airport, and was home to the Kurgan West air base during the Cold War. It is also a home to Russian Ilizarov Scientific Center for Restorative Traumatology and Orthopaedics, KAvZ autobus plant, and the machine building company Kurganmashzavod which produces the widely known BMP-1, BMP-2 and BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles.

Climate[edit]

Kurgan has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).

Climate data for Kurgan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
4.2
(39.6)
17.3
(63.1)
30.9
(87.6)
36.6
(97.9)
38.5
(101.3)
40.5
(104.9)
36.6
(97.9)
34.5
(94.1)
23.5
(74.3)
14.2
(57.6)
5.8
(42.4)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) −11
(12)
−9.3
(15.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
10.5
(50.9)
19.5
(67.1)
24.8
(76.6)
25.9
(78.6)
23.2
(73.8)
16.6
(61.9)
8.5
(47.3)
−2.8
(27)
−9.1
(15.6)
7.9
(46.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.2
(4.6)
−14.2
(6.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
4.6
(40.3)
12.6
(54.7)
18.4
(65.1)
19.8
(67.6)
17.2
(63)
10.9
(51.6)
3.9
(39)
−6.4
(20.5)
−12.9
(8.8)
2.7
(36.9)
Average low °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−11.1
(12)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.5
(43.7)
12.1
(53.8)
14.0
(57.2)
11.8
(53.2)
6.1
(43)
0.2
(32.4)
−9.8
(14.4)
−16.8
(1.8)
−2.1
(28.2)
Record low °C (°F) −47.9
(−54.2)
−47.9
(−54.2)
−44.3
(−47.7)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−17.1
(1.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
−7.2
(19)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−46.4
(−51.5)
−47.9
(−54.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
12
(0.47)
38
(1.5)
18
(0.71)
39
(1.54)
52
(2.05)
53
(2.09)
54
(2.13)
42
(1.65)
31
(1.22)
26
(1.02)
22
(0.87)
406
(15.98)
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[10]

Educational facilities[edit]

Kurgan Philarmony
  • Agricultural academy
  • Kurgan State University
  • Kurgan International University
  • Military Academy
  • Railroad Academy
  • Various theaters
  • Academy of Labor and Social Relations

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kurgan is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #316
  2. ^ a b c Law #419
  3. ^ "Паспорт муниципального образования Курганской области город Курган". Официальный сайт муниципального образования город Курган. Archived from the original on 2012-11-03. Retrieved 2012-10-28. 
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved September 8, 2007. 

Sources[edit]

  • Курганская областная Дума. Закон №316 от 27 декабря 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Курганской области», в ред. Закона №97 от 3 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новый мир", Документы, выпуск №1, 11 января 2008 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #316 of December 27, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kurgan Oblast, as amended by the Law #97 of December 3, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of the day ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Курганская областная Дума. Закон №419 от 6 июля 2004 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом городского округа, муниципального района, сельского поселения, городского поселения, о месте нахождения представительных органов муниципальных районов, сельских поселений, об установлении наименований представительных органов муниципальных образований, глав муниципальных образований, местных администраций (исполнительно-распорядительных органов муниципальных образований)», в ред. Закона №48 от 28 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новый мир", №142, 31 июля 2004 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #419 of July 6, 2004 On Granting the Municipal Formations the Status of Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Rural Settlement, Urban Settlement; on Establishing the Places Where the Representative Organs of the Municipal Districts, Rural Settlements Sit; on Establishing the Names of the Representative Organs of the Municipal Formations, of the Heads of the Municipal Formations, of the Local Administrations (the Executive Organs of the Municipal Formations), as amended by the Law #48 of June 28, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]