Курганская область (Russian)
|— Oblast —|
|Established||February 6, 1943|
|Government (as of February 2014)|
|- Governor||Alexey Kokorin (acting)|
|- Legislature||Oblast Duma|
|Area (as of the 2002 Census)|
|- Total||71,000 km2 (27,000 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|- Density||12.83 /km2 (33.2 /sq mi)|
|Population (June 2014 est.)|
|Time zone(s)||YEKT (UTC+06:00)|
Kurgan Oblast (Russian: Курга́нская о́бласть, Kurganskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Kurgan. In June 2014, the population was estimated to be 874,100, down from 910,807 recorded in the 2010 Census.
The oblast was formed on February 6, 1943, just when the Soviet Army decisively defeated Hitler's forces near Stalingrad. However, the history of Transuralia (Zauralye) began much earlier when the first settlers built their small stockaded towns on the banks of the banks of the Tobol and Iset Rivers. Decembrist and Polish exiles made substantial contributions to the development of culture and education in Zauralye. The cooperative movement was widespread at the beginning of the 20th century, and thanks to Trans-Ural oil manufacturers, Russia became the world's second-largest exporter of butter.
Recipient of the Order of Lenin (1959).
Kurgan Oblast is located in Southern Russia and is part of the Urals Federal District. It shares borders with Chelyabinsk Oblast to the west, Sverdlovsk Oblast to the north-west, Tyumen Oblast to the north-east, and Kazakhstan to the south.
The oblast has a severe continental climate with long cold winters and warm summers with regular droughts. The average January temperature is −18 °C (0 °F), and the average temperature in the warmest month (July) is +19 °C (66 °F). Annual precipitation is about 400 millimeters (16 in).
During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Kurgan CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.
The Charter of Kurgan Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Kurgan Oblast Duma is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Oblast Duma consists of 34 members and exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.
The United Russia Party currently[when?] holds the majority of seats in the Oblast Duma.
Kurgan Oblast borders on the oil- and gas-bearing districts of Tyumen Oblast and is also close to similar districts in Tomsk Oblast. Large oil and gas pipelines pass through its territory, and Ural and Siberian oil refineries are fairly close. The main industrial centers are Kurgan, and Shadrinsk.
The oblast does not have large economic mineral reserves; therefore, it has developed mainly on the basis of subindustries associated with processing of agricultural products and assembly and packaging of finished products. The food industry is well developed here, with meat-packing plants, mills, creameries, and powdered-milk factories.
Modern large-scale industry began developing during World War II, when sixteen enterprises from western regions of the country were evacuated here in 1941-1942.
Russians (823,7222) are the largest ethnic group in the Kurgan Oblast, making up 92.5% of the population. Other prominent ethnic groups in the oblast include Tatars (17,017) at 1.9%, Bashkirs (12,257) at 1.4%, Kazakhs (11,939) 1.3%, and Ukrainians (7,080) at 0.8%. Other ethnicities are 2.1%. Additionally, 20,017 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.
- Births (2010): 11,862 (13.0 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 14,590 (16.0 per 1000)
- 2000 - 1.38
- 2001 - 1.35
- 2002 - 1.45
- 2003 - 1.40
- 2004 - 1.46
- 2005 - 1.40
- 2006 - 1.43
- 2007 - 1.59
- 2008 - 1.72
- 2009 - 1.77
- 2010 - 1.79
- 2011 - 1.82
- 2012 - 2.03
- 2013 - 2.10(e)
- Vital statistics for 2012
- Births: 12 400 (13.8 per 1000)
- Deaths: 14 216 (15.9 per 1000) 
- Total fertility rate: 2.03
According to a 2012 official survey 28.4% of the population of Kurgan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 6% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 2% to Islam, 1% adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism), and 0.4% to Hinduism (Vedism, Krishnaism or Tantrism). In addition, 36% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 14% is atheist, and 12.2% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.
- Yuri Balashov (born March 12, 1949), chess grandmaster
- Oleg Bogomolov (born October 4, 1950), former Governor of Kurgan Oblast
- Fyodor Bronnikov (1827—1902), painter
- Dmitri Bushmanov (born September 30, 1978), association football player
- Alexander Cherepanov (November 21, 1895 — July 6, 1984), lieutenant-general
- Dumitru Diacov (born February 10, 1952), Moldovan politician
- Viktor Dubynin (February 1, 1943 — November 22, 1992), Army General
- Maxim Fadeev (born May 6, 1968), singer-songwriter, composer and producer
- Pavel Fitin (December 28, 1907 – December 24, 1971), director of Soviet intelligence
- Filipp Golikov (July 30, 1900 — July 29, 1980), Marshal of the Soviet Union
- Sergey Gritsevets (July 19, 1909 — September 16, 1939), major, pilot and twice recipient of the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
- Gavriil Ilizarov (June 15, 1921 — July 24, 1992), physician
- Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (born December 14, 1971), association football player
- Anatoly Karelin (July 16, 1922 — January 3, 1974), Major General of aviation
- Leonid Khabarov (born May 8, 1947), Colonel
- Larisa Korobeynikova (born March 26, 1987), fencer
- Evgeni Krasilnikov (born April 7, 1965), volleyball player
- Leonid Krasin (July 3 (15), 1870 — November 24, 1926), politician and diplomat
- Ivan Kurpishev (born March 2, 1969), powerlifter
- Dmitri Loskov (born February 12, 1974), association football player
- Aleksey Merzlyakov (March 22, 1778 - August 7, 1830), poet, critic, translator, and professor
- Yana Romanova (born May 11, 1983), biathlete
- Sergei Rublevsky (born October 15, 1974), chess grandmaster
- Mikhail Ryumin (September 1, 1913 — July 22, 1954), Deputy Head of the Ministry for State Security (Soviet Union)
- Yulia Savicheva (born 14 February 1987), singer
- Ivan Shadr (February 11, 1887 — April 3, 1941), sculptor and medalist
- Alexander Solonik (October 16, 1960 — January 31, 1997), hitman
- Elena Temnikova (born April 18, 1985), singer
- Alla Vazhenina (born May 29, 1983), weightlifter
- Aleksandr Vinogradov (September 9, 1930 — June 14, 2011), journalist and writer
- Sergei Vinogradov (April 16, 1958 – December 16, 2010), journalist, translator and writer
- Kirill A. Yevstigneyev (February 17, 1917 — August 29, 1996), Major General of aviation
- Article 8 of the Charter of Kurgan Oblast states that the oblast may have an anthem, providing a law is adopted to that effect. As of 2014, no such law is in place.
- Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
- Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
- Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 10
- Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 13
- Official website of Kurgan Oblast. Alexey Kokorin Is Appointed Acting Governor of Kurgan Oblast (Russian)
- Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 78-1
- Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 80
- Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
- Kurgan Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Демография (Russian)
- Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
- Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
- Kurgan Region
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
- 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.
- Курганская областная Дума. Закон №1 от 16 декабря 1994 г. «Устав Курганской области», в ред. Закона №22 от 23 апреля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новый мир", №242, 21 декабря 1994 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #1 of December 16, 1994 Charter of Kurgan Oblast, as amended by the Law #22 of April 23, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of after the official publication.).
- Media related to Kurgan Oblast at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website of the Oblast Duma (Russian)
- News portal (Russian)