|Official name||Kurilpa Bridge|
|Carries||Pedestrians and cyclists|
|Locale||Brisbane, Queensland, Australia|
|Engineering design||Ove Arup & Partners|
|Design||Tensegrity Cable Stay|
|Total length||470 metres (1,540 ft)|
|Width||6.5 metres (21 ft)|
|Longest span||120 metres (390 ft)|
|Clearance below||11 metres (36 ft) above the bank on the South Bank side|
|Opened||4 October 2009|
The Kurilpa Bridge (originally known as the Tank Street Bridge) is a (A$)$63 million pedestrian and bicycle bridge over the Brisbane River in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The bridge connects Kurilpa Point in South Brisbane to Tank Street in the Brisbane central business district. In 2011, the bridge was judged World Transport Building of the Year at the World Architecture Festival.
Kurilpa Bridge is the world’s largest hybrid tensegrity bridge. Only the horizontal spars conform to tensegrity principles. The Kurilpa Bridge is a multiple-mast, cable-stay structure based on principles of tensegrity producing a synergy between balanced tension and compression components to create a light structure which is incredibly strong.
The bridge is 470m long with a main span of 128m and features two large viewing and relaxation platforms, two rest areas, and a continuous all-weather canopy for the entire length of the bridge. A canopy is supported by a secondary tensegrity structure. It is estimated that 550 tons of structural steel including 6.8 kilometres (4.2 mi) of helical strand cable are incorporated into the bridge.
The bridge structure comprises 18 structural steel bridge decks, 20 structural steel masts and 16 horizontal spars or in layman's terms horizontal masts. 72 precast concrete deck slabs sit on the main bridge deck and are secured to the steel structure and together by in-situ concrete stitch pours. The complex cabling system comprises 80 main galvanised helical strand cables and 252 tensegrity cables that are made from superduplex stainless steel. The piecing together of these elements was the highest risk on the project, where any error in the dimension of one of the elements would have halted the critical path of the project. It is a huge testament to all in involved in the design and in particular the construction of the superstructure that it was achieved to within 13mm of its planned vertical position in its final state at the centre of the bridge.
The bridge is lit with a sophisticated LED lighting system which can be programmed to produce an array of different lighting effects. Depending on lighting configurations, 75%-100% of the power required is provided by solar energy. All electrical work was done by Stowe Australia.
A public competition was held to decide on a new name for the bridge. On 23 November 2008 it was announced that the winning entry was Kurilpa Bridge. The name reflects the Australian Aboriginal word for the South Brisbane and West End area, and means "place for water rats".
- Chalmers, Emma; Margaret Wenham (July 2007). "Trams back in Brisbane". couriermail.com.au (Queensland Newspapers). Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- Beattie, Peter; Robert Schwarten (5 March 2007). "Tank Street Bridge design unveiled". Ministerial media statements (Queensland government). Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- Tony Moore (6 November 2011). "Architecture world salutes Brisbane's Kurilpa Bridge". Brisbane Times (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- The finalists for the 2010 Australian Construction Achievement Award
- "Cox Rayner + Arup complete worlds largest tensegrity bridge in Brisbane". World Architecture News. 13 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-15.
- Queensland Government, Department of Public Works (2003). "Major Projects: Tank Street Bridge". The State of Queensland (Department of Public Works). Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "Kurilpa Bridge". Arup. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- Howson, Spencer (November 2008). "It's the Kurilpa Bridge!". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "Bridges of Brisbane". Retrieved 2009-11-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kurilpa Bridge.|
- Department of Public Works information page
- ABC "By Design" interview with Michael Raynor (April 2010) Brisbane's Kurilpa Bridge Australian Broadcasting Corporation Retrieved 2010-05-03.