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Kurla is a suburb of Mumbai, India. It belongs to Zone 5, Ward 'L' of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai and lies immediately north of Mumbai city limits. It's railway station is one the busiest on the Mumbai suburban railway on the central and harbour railway lines of Mumbai as is the Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT) for out-station passenger/express trains.
In 1548, The village of Kurla along with six others was given by the Governor of Portuguese India to Antonio Pessoa as a reward for his military services. In 1668, Kurla was part of the islands leased out to the British East India Company. At this time, Kurla was connected to Sion by Sion Causeway.
The name Kurla originated from "Kurli", the local name for crab, (as these were found in plenty in marshes in the vicinity) before it became a sub-urban locality.
Coorla, as it was spelt during the British Raj, was a major station on the Great Indian Peninsula Railway ten miles north-east of Bombay, and with six other villages, Mohili, Kolikalyan, Marol, Shahar, Asalphe, and Parjapur, was the property of Mr. Ardeshir Hormasji Wadia, a Parsi merchant of Bombay, who paid for them a yearly quit-rent of £358 (Rs. 3587). The villages were originally (in 1808) given to Mr. Hormasji Bamanji Wadia in exchange for a piece of land near the Apollo pier gate in Bombay. The difference between the value of the villages and of the ground in Bombay, £864 (Rs. 8640), was at first paid yearly to Government. It was redeemed and the estate conveyed in fee simple in 1840–41. Kurla had two cotton mills, one of them, the Dharamsi Punjabhai being the largest cotton spinning and weaving mill in the Presidency, with 92,094 spindles and 1280 looms. The other was the Kurla Spinning and Weaving Mill . The village had a population of 9715, about half of them mill-hands, the rest – chiefly fishermen, husbandmen and salt-makers. The Holy Cross Church at Kurla, built during the Portuguese rule and rebuilt in 1848, is one of the oldest churches in Mumbai.
The Mithibai Hormasji Wadia Dispensary was built by Mr. Bamanji Hormasji Wadia in 1855, and endowed by him with £1200 (Rs. 12,000). It was in charge of an assistant surgeon, and, in 1880–81, had an attendance of 7367 out-patients. The salt pans covered an area of about 66 acres (270,000 m2) and yielded a yearly revenue of £3418 (Rs. 34,180). There was also a considerable manufacture of shell lime. Kurla was connected with Sion on Bombay island by the Sion causeway, which bore the following inscription: ' This causeway was begun in May 1798 and was finished in January 1805, during the administration of the Honourable Jonathan Duncan Esquire. It cost £5037 (Rs. 50,374). It was doubled in width, and other improvements added, in 1826, under the government of the Honourable Mountstuart Elphinstone, at a further cost of £4000 (Rs. 40,000). The causeway was originally constructed under the superintendence of Captain William Brooks of the Engineers, and the additions and improvements made in 1826 under that of Captain William Tate of the same corps.'
The beginning of the twentieth century saw Kurla develop as an important centre of the mill industry. In 1910, there were reported to be several mills in Kurla, engaged in the manufacturing of cotton cloth and woollen cloth in steam factories. Kurla, however, was an old textile industrial core, an outlier to the main cotton mill zone. A relatively cheaper land value and nearness to water and power mains enabled rapid industrial expansion of the suburbs and the Kurla-Ghatkopar-Vikhroli-Bhandup belt soon developed into the largest industrial zone in the suburbs of Mumbai. The Kurla Railway Car-shed was constructed in 1925 when electrification of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR) Harbour line was undertaken. The first electric train in Asia that ran between CST and Coorla on February 3, 1925 was maintained at this car shed. The Salsette-Trombay Railway, also known as the Central Salsette Tramway, opened in 1928. The 13 kilometre line, a project of the Bombay Improvement Trust run by the GIPR, ran from Trombay to Andheri via Kurla and lasted only a few years.
During the late fifties and sixties, the old Kurla neighbourhood developed into an automobile industrial zone, with the erection of the Premier Automobiles main assembly plant in this area. The Dairy Development Department of the State Government, in order to cope-up with the increasing demand for milk, established a dairy at Nehru nagar, Kurla (East) in 1975.
Kurla may be divided into two parts: Kurla (East) and Kurla (West), separated by the Central Railway line. Kurla East is bordered by the suburban neighbourhoods of Chunabhatti in the south, Chembur in the East and Ghatkopar in the North. Kurla West is surrounded by Ghatkopar and Saki Naka neighbourhood of Andheri East to its North, Kalina and the Bandra Kurla Complex to its West and the Sion - Dharavi area to its south across the Mahim Creek. The Mithi River enters into Kurla's north- west corner near Sakinaka, running south along the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport boundary wall and the Bail Bazar locality, past the CST road and Taximen colony areas and empties into the Mahim Creek at the southern end of Kurla.
The entire suburb falls under Zone 5, Ward 'L' of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Kurla (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (Number 174) is one of the 26 Vidhan Sabha constituencies located in Mumbai Suburban district. The number of electorates in 2009 was 284,951 (male 161,459, female 123,492).
Kurla displays an urban blend of residential colonies, big and small, industrial estates commercial enclaves and slums.
Old Kurla 
The earliest settlements in Kurla were in this area in the northern end of Kurla West. It consists of
- the East Indian village of Kurla, popularly known as 'Christian Village', with the adjoining predominantly Christian 'Hall Village'.
- Wadia Estate, built on the property of the A. H. Wadia charity trust, located on A.H.Wadia Marg adjoining the Mithi River and the airport.
- Bail Bazaar and Sindhi Camp (populated by mostly Sindhi's, Kanojia's and Malwanis)
- Sandesh Nagar, Sayog Nagar, Kranti Nagar slums on the banks of the mithi river.
- Jarimari, Kajupada, Safed Pool areas on the Andheri Kurla road.
- Asalfa village and Narayan Nagar slums on the LBS marg towards Ghatkopar.
The area has witnessed a construction boom in the 21st century with the redevelopment of large former industrial plots. Kohinoor city and Phoenix Marketcity projects have been developed on land previously occupied by the Premier Automobiles and Mukand Engineering respectively.
New Kurla 
The southern end of Kurla began developing with the arrival of the Cotton mills and the railway line. some prominent localities and landmarks are:
- Jai Bhawani Chowk, Jai Shankar Chowk and Subhash Nagar on New Mill Road. 90% people in Jai shankar Chowk are from Kaikadi Samaj and work in the BMC and Air India.
- BMC colony near New Mill Road & H.P. Keluskar Road.
- LIG, MIG and HIG Colonies at Vinobha Bhave Nagar which also has a police station by that name. Bhartiya Nagar, Gaurishankar Nagar located near the Premier Nalla are in its vicinity. The Santa Cruz – Chembur link road alignment passes through this area.
- K. B. Bhabha Hospital with its neighbourhoods of Chhadva Nagar and Murli Milan Society.
- Kurla Bus Depot on Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg (LBS Road) with the adjoining areas of Taximen's colony, Kapadia nagar and Kismat nagar on CST road. This area enjoys close proximity to the Bandra Kurla Complex.
- Kurla Railway Station area with the "Yadav Mandai" (Fish, Meat and Vegetable market )and the "L" ward municipal offices on Station Road and Brahminwadi on "Pipe Road" that runs along the water pipe line.
- Salafi Welfare Society near Halav pool, Gol Building and Masrani Lane.
- Indira Nagar, Parigh Khadi, and Kurla Garden are slum areas situated to the south of the Kurla Court
- Subash Nagar,located close to railway station on New Mill Road
Kurla East 
areas in Kurla East include:
- Nehru Nagar: The Government Dairy is located here. It has Mumbai's second biggest MSRTC depot.
- Shriv Shrusti: A residential colony near the bus depot
- Railway Colony: A residential colony near Lokmanya Tilak Terminus
- Kamgar Nagar: A residential area with row houses (now developed as bungalows)
- Hilphi House (House of a Portuguese Builder)
Kurla is accessible from all parts of Mumbai by road and rail due to its central location.
The Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg (Formerly known as Old Agra Road) is the arterial road for Kurla West. The Road begins at the southern end of Salsette Island, passing through Kurla and continuing up north into Ghatkopar towards Thane. The Andheri – Kurla road links Kurla with Andheri via Saki Naka, while CST road leads to Santacruz. The Santa Cruz – Chembur link road which is under construction will bridge the east and west sides of Kurla. The Eastern Express Highway is the main thoroughfare for Kurla East. It runs from Sion Causeway in the south to Mulund in the North.
BEST buses ply from Kurla to all areas of Mumbai. The Kurla BEST Depot on the west suffered serious damage during the Mumbai floods of 2005 and has since been shut for redevelopment. Maharashtra State Transport buses ply from their depot at Nehru Nagar in the East to major towns in the State. Auto rickshaws and taxis are also available.
Kurla has one engineering college, Don Bosco Institute of Technology, and several schools. Some of the schools in Kurla are as follows –
- Shishu Vihar Kurla-W
- S. K. P. Walavalkar High School – Marathi and English Medium
- Urdu Municipality School, Quresh Nager (Kasaiwada)
- Green Bombay Urdu High School, Quresh Nagar, Kurla – E
- Michael High School – English medium high school
- Nehru Nagar municipal School, Kurla – E
- Shishu Vikas Mandir High School – Marathi Medium
- Green Bombay High School
- Anjuman Tabligul Islam Urdu High School
- Anjuman Khairul Islam Urdu High School
- Anjuman Islam Allana School & Junior College
- MES Urdu High School
- Swami Vivekanand High School and College
- Swami Dayanand Vidyalaya High School
- Holy Cross High School
- Gandhi Bal Mandir High – Marathi medium
- Karthika High School – English Medium
- Kedarnath Vidya Prasarini (KVP) – English High School
- Kohinoor International School
- Kohinoor business management
- Shree Gujarati Samaj Vidhyalaya
- St.Jude's high school, Jarimari
- St. Joseph's High School
- Shivaji Vidyalaya
- Bharat Education Society's Vivek English High School (Kurla East)
- Al-Barkat – Urdu Medium
- K.M.S.P. Mandal's High School- Marathi Medium
- Madrasa Darrul-Uloom Mehboob-E-Shobhani Arabic School
- School of General Education Institute – Kurla High School (Marathi Medium) Near Kurla Railway Station.
- Madrasa Salafia Arabic School
- Eden Jr. College -Safed Pool
- A good Municipal School Ganesh Baug in Marathi Hindi & English Medium in single building
- Sant Gadge Maharaj Vidyala-Kurla W
Famous residents 
- Mahesh Prajapati -Teach For India Fellow 2010-2012,Loksatta Ward Leader.
- Rajhans Singh, Corporator and Leader of Opposition
- Dutta Samant, Indian politician and trade union leader
- Shaikh Shamim Ahmed, Ex MLA & Indian politician and Senior Congress leader
- Obaid Azam Azmi, Urdu poet & prosodian – ex Special Executive officer Government of Mahrashtra
- Iqbal Abdulla, Indian cricketer, Playing in Kolkata Knight Riders
- Kamran Khan, Pune Warriors player
- Balwinder Sandhu, Indian Test Cricketer
- Nawab Malik, former minister with housing portfolio for Maharashtra
- Shajiya Aslam Azmi Corporator
- Syed Abusad Ahmed (Abu Bhai) well known Social worker/martial arts teacher
- Malik Abdul rashid corporator (brother of Nawab malik)MLA
- Prakash Shetty
- M.Arif Nasim Khan Congress Leader- Jarimari
- Hakim M. Tarique Islahi - Famous Unani Physician (director of islahi dawakhana, Estb. 1939)
- Jamshed Azmi-Social Worker
- Yakub Sayed - Actor (Haas Parihaas, Lage Raho Munnabhai, Natarang), Ex-Director (Doordarshan), Film And Serial Director
- Laxmidevi Singh, Social Worker
- Navneet Kaur, Actress (Former Resident)
- Steven Dias,Indian FootBall Player (Former Resident)
- Aryan Hospital,
- Arpan Nursing Home,
- K. B. Bhabha Hospital, oldest Municipality hospital
- Fauziya hospital,
- New noor Hospital,
- Habib hospital,
- Kurla nursing Home,
- Sheetal nursing home,
- Kohinoor City Hospital
- Fehmida Nursing Home.
- Islahi Day Care
- Masoom children nursing home
- Sansar Hotel,
- Sky Way Hotel,
- Naaz Hotel,
- Sahara hotel,
- Shalimar Hotel,
- Sunlight hotel,
- Nasheman Hotel,
- Ratnakar Hotel,
- shanti tea house
- Ram Mahal
Places of Worship 
- Pipe Road Mosque
- Station Road Mosque
- Hanuman Mandir
- Sai Baba mandir
- Balaji Mandir
- Jagruti Vinayak Mandir
- Kristha Kanti Church
- Kurla Bene Israel prayer hall
- Holy Cross Church
- St. Joseph's Church
- St. Jude's Church
- Umamaheshwari Mandir
- "Bandra as it was centuries ago". Golden Bandra. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Places in Mumbai". Maharashtra State Gazetteers. 1987. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Industries". Maharashtra State Gazetteers. 1987. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "New Trains from old". The Indian Express (India). January 2, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Railway Gauges in India". IRFCA.org. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- "General Geography of Mumbai". Maharashtra State Gazetteers. 1987. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Agriculture and Irrigation in Mumbai". Maharashtra State Gazetteers. 1987. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "General Elections to State Legislative Assembly 2009". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
See also 
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