In the han system, Kurohane was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area. This was different from the feudalism of the West.
List of daimyo
The hereditary daimyo were head of the clan and head of the domain.
- Ōseki Masunori
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- Appert, Georges. (1888). "Shimazu" in Ancien Japon, pp. 76; compare Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Ōseki" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 47; retrieved 2013-3-23.
- Papinot, (2003). "Ōseki" at p. 47; retrieved 2013-4-2.
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