Kurt Chill

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Kurt Chill
Born 1 May 1895
Thorn
Died 5 July 1976(1976-07-05) (aged 81)
Grömitz
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1920)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1913–1920
1935–1945
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held 122. Infanterie-Division
85. Infanterie-Division
LV. Armeekorps
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Other work Police officer

Kurt Chill (1 May 1895 – 5 July 1976) was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the LV. Armeekorps. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Kurt Chill was captured by Soviet forces in May 1945, but escaped and was later in the custody of the United Kingdom. He was released in 1947.

Awards and decorations[edit]

Wehrmachtbericht reference[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
19 December 1943 Südlich Newel scheiterten in harten Kämpfen alle Durchbruchsversuche des Feindes. Nordwestlich der Stadt greift er, von starken Panzerverbänden unterstützt, mit zunehmender Heftigkeit an. Unsere zäh kämpfenden Truppen schossen hier 41 Sowjetpanzer ab und fügten dem Feind hohe blutige Verluste bei. In diesen Kämpfen haben sich die norddeutsche 290. Infanteriedivision unter Führung des Generalleutnants Heinrichs und die pommersche 122. Infanteriedivision unter Führung des Generalleutnants Chill besonders bewährt.[2] All enemy break through attempts south of Newel failed in hard combat. Northwest of the city, he attacks, supported by strong armored units, with increasing intensity. Our tough fighting Troops destroyed here 41 Soviet tanks and inflicted on the enemy high bloody losses. In these battles, the North German 290th Infantry Division under the command of Lieutenant General Heinrichs and the Pomeranian 122nd Infantry Division under the command of Lieutenant General Chill particularly proved themselves.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 130.
  2. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 629.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz; Wegmann, Günter (1998). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil III: Infanterie Band 4: C–Dow [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Part III: Infantry Volume 4: C–Dow] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2534-8. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 2, 1 January 1942 to 31 December 1943] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Siegfried Macholz
Commander of 122. Infanterie-Division
1 August 1942 – 10 October 1942
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Gustav Hundt
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Alfred Thielmann
Commander of 122. Infanterie-Division
27 June 1943 – 1 February 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Johann-Albrecht von Blücher
Preceded by
None
Commander of 85. Infanterie-Division
1 February 1944 – 22 November 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Helmut Bechler
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Friedrich Herrlein
Commander of LV. Armeekorps
5 February 1945 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by
None