Kurt Maetzig

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Kurt Maetzig
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-33557-0001, Heusdorf, Besuch von Künstlern.jpg
Maetzig (far left) and actor Günther Simon (second left) at a screening of the film Ernst Thälmann - Führer seiner Klasse in 1955.
Born (1911-01-25)25 January 1911
Berlin, German Empire
Died 8 August 2012(2012-08-08) (aged 101)
Wildkuhl, Mecklenburg, Germany
Occupation Film director

Kurt Maetzig (25 January 1911 – 8 August 2012) was a German film director who had a significant effect on the film industry in East Germany. He was one of the most respected filmmakers of the GDR.[1] After his retirement he lived in Wildkuhl, Mecklenburg, and had three children.[2]

Early life[edit]

Kurt Maetzig was the son of Robert Maetzig and Marie Maetzig (née Lyon). He grew up in the Charlottenburg borough of Berlin, where he gained an insight into the film industry from an early age as his father was the proprietor of a factory that produced film copies there.[2] During the First World War, he stayed with his grandmother in Hamburg.[2] After the end of the war, he moved back to Berlin, where he completed his secondary education at the Leibniz-Oberrealschule. He then enrolled at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), where he studied chemistry, engineering and political and business economics. He also studied sociology, psychology and law for a year at the Sorbonne in Paris.[3]

In the late 1920s, Maetzig worked at his father's factory during the holidays, gaining experience in all areas of film production. He began shooting his own films in 1932, and three years later he ran his own cartoon workshop, where he also worked on titles and opening credits for short films.[2]

Career[edit]

He received his PhD from TUM in 1935 after he had completed his dissertation entitled "The accountancy of a film-copying institution." He then worked for various firms, including his father's, where he worked on film technology and photochemistry, and also gave lessons on copying techniques and problems with sound and colour in films.[2][3] However, following the Nuremberg Laws of 1935, his work permit was revoked by the Film Chamber of the Reich in 1937 due to his mother's Jewish heritage.[2]

During the Second World War, Maetzig was a member of the illegal Communist Party.[3] After the war, he moved back to Berlin, where he co-founded a group called "Filmaktiv" in 1945, whose aim was to organise a resumption of film production.[2] He joined the newly founded state-owned film studio, the Deutsche Film-Aktiengesellschaft (DEFA) in 1947, where he worked as a director both of documentaries and feature films. He was also the first director and editor of the weekly newsreel "Der Augenzeuge" (English: The Eyewitness).[3]

Maetzig's first feature film was Ehe im Schatten (Marriage in the Shadows), released in 1947. It was the most successful film of the post-war period, attracting over 12 million viewers in total.[2] His other notable films include Die Buntkarierten (1949), which was entered into the Cannes Film Festival,[4] the Ernst Thälmann films (1954–55), and the science fiction film Der schweigende Stern (1960). He also directed the film Das Kaninchen bin ich (The Rabbit is Me) (1965), which was one of twelve films that were banned in East Germany after the 11th plenum of the SED's Central Committee for being too critical of the internal social problems within the country.[5]

He retired as a film director in 1976.[3] He died on 8 August 2012 in Wildkuhl, Mecklenburg.[6]

Other commitments[edit]

From 1954 to 1964, Maetzig was the first president of the German University of Cinema in Potsdam-Babelsberg, where he also held the post of Professor of Stage Direction. From 1967 to 1988 he was an executive member of the Verband der Film- und Fernsehschaffenden der DDR (GDR Federation of Film and Television Producers). He then became the vice-president of the Fédération Internationale des Ciné-Clubs (International Federation of Cinema Clubs) (FICC) in 1974.[3]

He was also president of the Nationales Spielfilmfestival der DDR (English: GDR National Film Festival) on four separate occasions between 1980 and 1990, and he has been a member of the Akademie der Künste (Academy of the Arts) in Berlin since 1950, where a considerable archive of his works is located.[2] In 1973 he was a member of the jury at the 8th Moscow International Film Festival.[7] In 1979 he was a member of the jury at the 11th Moscow International Film Festival.[8] In 1983 he was a member of the jury at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival.[9]

Filmography[edit]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brockmann, Stephen (1 November 2010). A Critical History of German Film. Camden House. p. 215. ISBN 978-1-57113-468-4. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i (German) "Biography of Kurt Maetzig". film-zeit.de. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f (German) "Biography of Kurt Maetzig". kurt-maetzig.de. Retrieved 2009-06-09. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Die Buntkarierten". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  5. ^ Berghahn, Daniela (2004), ‘Film Censorship in a “Clean State”: The Case of Klein and Kohlhaase’s Berlin um die Ecke’, in Critical Studies, 22, pp. 111-139.
  6. ^ "Former East German director Maetzig dies at 101". reuters.com. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  7. ^ "8th Moscow International Film Festival (1973)". MIFF. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  8. ^ "11th Moscow International Film Festival (1979)". MIFF. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  9. ^ "Berlinale: 1983 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 

External links[edit]