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Kurt Wallander (Swedish pronunciation: [valˈlanːdər]) is a fictional character created by Swedish crime writer Henning Mankell. The protagonist of several mystery novels, set in and around the town of Ystad, 56 km (35 mi) south-east of the city of Malmö, in the southern province of Skåne. Wallander has been portrayed on screen by the actors Rolf Lassgård, Krister Henriksson and Kenneth Branagh.
As a young police officer, he was nearly killed when a drunk, whom he was questioning, stabbed him with a butcher's knife (this is mentioned in the account of his first case). Wallander was once married, but his wife Mona left him and he has since had a difficult relationship with his rebellious only child, Linda, who barely survived a suicide attempt when she was fifteen. He also had issues with his late father, an artist who painted the same landscape 7,000 times for a living; the elder Wallander strongly disapproved of his son's decision to join the police force, and frequently derided him for it.
Wallander is a great fan of the opera; while in his car he regularly listens to recordings of famous opera singers such as Maria Callas, and when he can find the time goes to opera performances, sometimes crossing over to Copenhagen in Denmark for this purpose. At one time, Wallander had dreamed of making opera his life, leaving the police and becoming the impresario of his friend, Sten Widen, who hoped to become a tenor. But Widen's voice was not good enough and the dream came to naught - a crushing disappointment in Wallander's as in Widen's life.
Inspector Wallander has few close friends and is known for his less-than-desirable lifestyle; he consumes too much alcohol and junk food, exercises very little, and sometimes struggles with anger. He frequently regards the crimes he investigates on a very personal level, throwing himself into catching criminals and going against the orders of his superiors to try to solve a case, often with negative effects on his emotional stability.
Over the years he has grown increasingly disillusioned with his work, and often wonders whether he should have become a police officer at all. He was once falsely sued and harassed for police brutality, and still lives with the guilt of having shot and killed a man in the fog, an act which drove him into depression and nearly led to his resignation. His relationships with his colleagues are tentative; they are alternately amazed by his intellect and frustrated by his brusque manner and aggressive tactics.
He is frequently at loose ends socially and with his family. After the breakup of his marriage, he had an affair with Annette Brolin, the prosecutor with whom he was working on some cases — but she was married and had children, and would not consider divorcing for his sake ("Faceless Killers"). In later years, he maintains a somewhat inconsistent romantic relationship with Baiba Liepa, a woman in Riga, Latvia, whom he met while investigating a murder there, until it eventually dissolves. Over the course of the series he is diagnosed with diabetes, and towards the end of his career he suffers from memory lapses, discovering he has developed Alzheimer's disease, with which his father was also afflicted.
The following Kurt Wallander novels have been translated into English. They are listed in the order that they were originally published in Sweden:
- Mördare utan ansikte (1991; English translation by Steven T. Murray: Faceless Killers, 1997)
- Hundarna i Riga (1992; English translation by Laurie Thompson: The Dogs of Riga, 2001)
- Den vita lejoninnan (1993; English translation by Laurie Thompson: The White Lioness, 1998)
- Mannen som log (1994; English translation by Laurie Thompson: The Man Who Smiled, 2005)
- Villospår (1995; English translation by Steven T. Murray: Sidetracked, 1999)
- Den femte kvinnan (1996; English translation by Steven T. Murray: The Fifth Woman, 2000)
- Steget efter (1997; English translation by Ebba Segerberg: One Step Behind, 2002)
- Brandvägg (1998; English translation by Ebba Segerberg: Firewall, 2002)
- Pyramiden (1999; short stories; English translation by Ebba Segerberg with Laurie Thompson: The Pyramid, 2008)
- Den orolige mannen (2009; English translation by Laurie Thompson: The Troubled Man, 2011)
The following novel features Wallander's daughter Linda in the lead, while he is a secondary character:
One Kurt Wallander work has not yet been translated into English:
- Händelse om hösten (The Grave), a short story from 2004 published only in the Netherlands under the Dutch title Het Graf.
The order that the novels occur in the timeline of the series is shown below (with the title of the English translation shown in parentheses). Note that there is some overlap in the timeline among the novels as there are three separate series.
- Pyramiden (The Pyramid)
- Mördare utan ansikte (Faceless Killers)
- Hundarna i Riga (The Dogs of Riga)
- Den vita lejoninnan (The White Lioness)
- Mannen som log (The Man Who Smiled)
- Villospår (Sidetracked)
- Den femte kvinnan (The Fifth Woman)
- Steget efter (One Step Behind)
- Brandvägg (Firewall)
- Innan frosten (Before the Frost)
- Händelse om hösten (The Grave)
- Den orolige mannen (The Troubled Man)
TV and film 
Film series (Swedish) 
Between 1994 and 2007, all nine Wallander novels were made into films in Sweden starring Rolf Lassgård as Wallander:
- Faceless Killers (Mördare utan ansikte) (1994);
- The Dogs of Riga (Hundarna i Riga) (1995);
- The White Lioness (Den Vita lejoninnan) (1996);
- Sidetracked (Villospår) (2001);
- The Fifth Woman (Den 5e kvinnan) (2002);
- The Man Who Smiled (Mannen som log) (2003);
- One Step Behind (Steget efter) (2005);
- Firewall (Brandvägg) (2006);
- The Pyramid (Pyramiden) (2007, video only).
TV series (Swedish) 
From 2005 to 2006, 13 new stories, starring Krister Henriksson as Kurt Wallander and Johanna Sällström as Linda Wallander, were produced. The first film, based on Before the Frost, was released in cinemas. The rest are original stories not based on any of Mankell's books, and were released on DVD, with the exception of Mastermind which was also released in cinemas.
- Before the Frost (Innan frosten);
- The Village Idiot (Byfånen);
- The Brothers (Bröderna);
- The Darkness (Mörkret);
- The African (Afrikanen);
- Mastermind (Mastermind);
- The Tricksters (Den svaga punkten);
- The Photographer (Fotografen);
- The Container Lorry (Täckmanteln);
- The Castle Ruins (Luftslottet);
- Bloodties (Blodsband);
- The Joker (Jokern);
- The Secret (Hemligheten).
Two of these films were directed by BAFTA award winning Swedish director Jonas Grimås, who outside Sweden is best known for his work on British television such as the 1990s crime drama Second Sight (Kingdom of the Blind) starring Clive Owen, police drama series Heartbeat, and Hamish Macbeth.
Yellow Bird announced in March 2008 that 13 new Swedish language Wallander films were to be made with Krister Henriksson. Production started in 2008. These new films were to have a more political slant than the previous films starring Henriksson. The first production in the second series, The Revenge (Hämnden), was given a cinematic launch in Sweden on 9 January 2009 before being released on DVD. The theme over the closing edits is "Quiet Night", sung by Anna Ternheim. The remaining were scheduled to be released on DVD during early 2010:
- The Revenge (Hämnden),
- The Guilt (Skulden),
- The Courier (Kuriren),
- The Thief (Tjuven),
- The Cellist (Cellisten),
- The Priest (Prästen),
- The Leak (Läckan),
- The Sniper (Skytten),
- The Angel of Death (Dödsängeln),
- The Phantom (Vålnaden),
- The Heritage (Arvet),
- The Collector (Indrivaren),
- The Witness (Vittnet).
TV series (British) 
The novels have also been adapted as nine television films for the BBC, produced by Yellow Bird and Left Bank Pictures. The series stars Kenneth Branagh as Wallander. The episodes have not been filmed in the order in which the original novels were published, resulting in changes to the backstories of the lead characters in the films. The first series consisted of the novels Sidetracked, Firewall and One Step Behind. These three were shot on location in Ystad in the summer of 2008, with a combined budget of £6 million ($12 million), using Jim Jannard's RED camera (as described in the documentary contained on the BBC DVD). They aired in late 2008 on the BBC.
A second series of Wallander adaptations was commissioned by the BBC from the same production team in 2008. Broadcast in January 2010, the second series was composed of adaptations of Faceless Killers, The Man Who Smiled, and The Fifth Woman.
The third series began shooting in Ystad and Riga, Latvia in the Summer of 2011 and continued into the winter. Broadcast in July 2012, it consists of adaptations of Händelse om hösten (The Grave), which has been retitled An Event in Autumn (which is the original Swedish name), The Dogs of Riga and Before the Frost. While the novel Before the Frost has Wallander's daughter Linda as its protagonist detective, the story has been adapted for television so that Wallander himself becomes the lead.
Kenneth Branagh has announced that the BBC Wallander series will be concluded with a three-episode fourth series. It will consist of an adaptation of The White Lioness and a two-episode adaptation of Mankell's final Wallander novel, The Troubled Man.
Special appearances 
Mankell's friend and writer Jan Guillou used Kurt Wallander in the 10th book of his Carl Hamilton-series En medborgare höjd över varje misstanke (A Citizen Above Suspicion). Guillou and Mankell also co-wrote the Swedish crime-drama mini series Talismanen and here we also encounter Kurt Wallander as a supporting character, this time portrayed by actor Lennart Jähkel.
See also 
- Author Sjöwall and Wahlöö's Swedish detective character Martin Beck
Both Sjöwall and Wahlöö and Henning Mankell are focused on the social issues in the Swedish welfare state. Similar issues prevailed in the 1960s and 1970s for the Beck character and in the 1990s for the Wallander character.
- Inspector-Wallander.org. "Timeline of the Kurt Wallander Stories". Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- IMDb: Filmography by TV series for Jonas Grimås
- "Klart för 13 mer politiska Wallanderfilmer" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- Rehlin, Gunnar (2008-03-26). "TV4 picks up more Wallander pics - Yellow Bird to produce another 13 films". Variety. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- "Yellow Bird announcement of second Swedish language production". Yellow Bird. 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- "Kenneth Branagh to star in BBC 'Wallander' series". The Local. 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- IMDb: Kurt Wallander (Character)
Further reading 
- Polito, Robert (April 2005). "Murder, My Swede: Henning Mankell's Scandinavian Noir". Artforum International (archived at AccessMyLibrary).
- Reijnders, Stijn (June 2009). "Watching the Detectives: Inside the Guilty Landscapes of Inspector Morse, Baantjer and Wallander". European Journal of Communication (Sage Publications) 24 (2): 165–181. doi:10.1177/0267323108101830.
- Branagh's Wallander - Website relating to the BBC's English-language Wallander starring Kenneth Branagh
- Official Henning Mankell site
- Comprehensive Henning Mankell fan site
- Kurt Wallander's Ystad
- In the Footsteps of Wallander PDF document from Ystad Tourist Office with map of places referred to in the novels.
- Article in Variety concerning plans to bring Wallander to British television
- Yellow Bird site
- IMDb entry for the Wallander character in film and television
- Interesting TV on Wallander - Analysis of all three major Wallander Film/TV adaptations and associations with each of the Mankell novells.