Kururi Domain

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Reconstructed keep of Kururi Castle

Kururi Domain (久留里藩 Kururi-han?) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in Kazusa Province (modern-day Chiba Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Kururi Castle in what is now the city of Kimitsu, Chiba.

In the han system, Kururi was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[2] This was different from the feudalism of the West.

History[edit]

The original Kururi Castle was a mountain-top fortification built during the Muromachi period by Takeda Nobunaga (1401–1477), and was ruled by his descendants, the Mariya clan, from 1540. With the expansion of the Satomi clan from Awa Province in the Sengoku period, the castle was taken over by Satomi Yoshitaka, who used it as his base of operations against the Hōjō clan, based from Odawara Castle. The Hōjō attempted to take the castle unsuccessfully on a few occasions, and finally seized it in 1564. They lost it just three years later in 1567, when the Satomi regained control.

Following the Battle of Odawara, Toyotomi Hideyoshi punished the Satomi clan by depriving them of their territories in Kazusa Province. With the entry of Tokugawa Ieyasu into the Kantō region, he assigned the fortifications at Kururi to one of his retainers, Matsudaira (Osugi) Tadamasa, and appointed him as daimyō of the 30,000 koku Kururi Domain.

History[edit]

Kururi was the site of a hilltop fortification built by the powerful Satomi clan of the Bōsō Peninsula during the Sengoku period as a base of operations against their northern rivals, the Late Hōjō clan of Odawara.

Following the Battle of Odawara in 1590, the Kantō region by was assigned to Tokugawa Ieyasu by the warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who also restricted the Satomi to Awa Province for their lukewarm support of his campaigns against the Late Hōjō clan. Tokugawa Ieyasu appointed Osuga Tadamasa the son of one of his Four Generals, Sakakibara Yasumasa to be daimyō of the new 30,000 koku Kururi Domain.

Osuga Tadamasa built most of the current fortifications of Kururi Castle, and established a castle town at its base. Following the Battle of Sekigahara, the Osuga clan was transferred to Yokosuka Castle in Suruga Province, and were replaced by the Tsuchiya clan with a reduction in revenues to 20,000 koku from 1601-1679. The domain was suppressed in 1679 when Tsuchiya Naoki was declared unfit to rule due to insanity, and his son was demoted to a 3000 koku hatamoto.

Kururi was administered as tenryō territory directly under the control of the Tokugawa shogunate until 1742. In July 1842, Kuroda Naozumi, daimyō of Numata Domain in Kozuke Province was transferred to Kururi, and the han was revived. His descendants continued to rule Kururi until the Meiji Restoration. The final daimyo of Kururi Domain, Kuroda Naotaka, initially served as a guard for the pro-Tokugawa forces at the Battle of Ueno in the Boshin War, but then changed his allegiance to the new Meiji government two months later. He was appointed domain governor under the new administration, until the abolition of the han system in July 1871. Kururi Domain became “Kururi Prefecture”, which merged with the short lived “Kisarazu Prefecture” in November 1871, which later became part of Chiba Prefecture.

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Osuga Tafamasa ( 大須賀 忠政?) 1590–1601 Dewa-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Tsuchiya Tadanao ( 土屋 忠直?) 1602–1612 Mibu-daisuke Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
2 Tsuchiya Toshinao ( 土屋 利直?) 1612–1675 Mibu-daisuke Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
3 Tsuchiya Naoki ( 土屋 直樹?) 1675–1679 Iyo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Kuroda Naozumi ( 黒田 直純?) 1742–1775 Yamato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
2 Kuroda Naoyuki ( 黒田 直亨?) 1775–1784 Buzen-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
3 Kuroda Naohide ( 黒田 直英?) 1784–1786 Izumi-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
4 Kuroda Naoatsu ( 黒田 直温?) 1786–1801 Yamato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
5 Kuroda Naokata ( 黒田 直方?) 1801–1812 Buzen-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
6 Kuroda Naoyoshi ( 黒田 直侯?) 1812–1823 Buzen-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
7 Kuroda Naochika ( 黒田 直静?) 1823–1854 Buzen-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
8 Kuroda Naoyasu ( 黒田 直和?) 1854–1860 Ise-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
9 Kuroda Naotaka ( 黒田 直養?) 1860–1871 Chikugo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  2. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
  3. ^ Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Tsuchiya" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 65; retrieved 2013-5-15.

Further reading[edit]

  • Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972. 

External links[edit]