She was born on November 10, 1904 in Amravati, Maharashtra, her maiden having been Kusum Jaywant. Her father was a lawyer.
After finishing her high school education at Huzurpaga (HHCP) girl's school in Pune in 1921, she studied for four years in Fergusson College, also in Pune, before moving to Nagpur and receiving her B.A. degree from Nagpur University in 1926. She went to the UK to receive in 1929 a B.A. in English Literature from Westfield College in London. The same year she married Atmaram Ravaji Deshpande alias Kavi Anil and took the name Kusumavati Deshpande.
For over 25 years since 1931, Deshpande taught English Literature at Nagpur University.
Deshpande wrote a critical book Marathi Kadambariche Pahile Shatak (मराठी कादंबरीचे पहिले शतक).
Four collections of her short essays and short stories have been published:
- Deepakali (दीपकळी)
- Deepadan (दीपदान)
- Moli (मोळी)
- Pasang (पासंग)
A collection of letters between Deshpande and her husband have been published under the title Kusumanil (कुसुमानिल).
Deshpande presided over Marathi Sahitya Sammelan in Gwalior in 1961. (Her husband had presided over the event in 1958.) She was the first female president of the annual Sammelan since its inception in 1878. (Following her, there have been three more female presidents until now.)
- "Kusum Anil Website". Retrieved 29 January 2010.
Ramchandra Shripad Jog
|Marathi Sahitya Sammelan - President
1961 at Gwalior
Narahar Vishnu Gadgil
kusum avati deshpande