Kusumoto Ine

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In this Japanese name, the family name is "Kusumoto".
Kusumoto Ine
Ine Kusumoto.jpg
Born Shiimoto Ine
(1827-05-10)May 10, 1827
Nagasaki, Japan
Died August 27, 1903(1903-08-27) (aged 76)
Tokyo, Japan
Nationality Japan
Other names Oine, Itoku
Painting by Kawahara Keiga: Arrival of a Dutch Ship. Philipp Franz von Siebold at Dejima with his Japanese wife Kusumoto Taki and their baby-daughter Kusumoto Ine observing a VOC-ship arriving in the Nagasaki harbour using a teresukoppu (telescope).

Kusumoto Ine (楠本 イネ?, 10 May 1827 – 27 August 1903), also known as Oine was the first female doctor of Western medicine in Japan,[1] and the daughter of German Dejima-based physician Philipp Franz von Siebold.

Her mother was Kusumoto Taki, who may have been a courtesan but who in any case bore a courtesan's stamp in her official papers allowing her access to Siebold in Dejima,[2] the Dutch East India Company enclave in Nagasaki closed to almost all Japanese but courtesans.

Her father was caught smuggling a variety of items, chiefly forbidden maps (which, it was believed, could fall into the hands of Japan's enemies, such as Russia, which posed a threat on Japan's northern borders), and was sentenced with banishment from Japan on 22 October 1829.[3] He left the country by the end of 1829, two-year-old Oine and her mother waving goodbye to him from a small boat in the harbor as his ship pulled away.[1]

Oine remained in touch with her father during his long exile, and was provided with Western medicines by him and with a training in Western medicine by his students who remained in Dejima.[1] Her father returned to Japan on 4 August 1859, after thirty years of absence. By this time, Oine had married, had a daughter of her own, become the first female doctor of Western medicine in Japan and established a gynecology clinic in Nagasaki. She would see him for the last time in April 1862, as he was forced to return to Europe once again, and never returned to Japan.[1]

References[edit]

  • Lambourne, Lionel. Japonisme: Cultural Crossings Between Japan and the West. London: Phaidon, 2005.
  1. ^ a b c d Lambourne. p24.
  2. ^ Lambourne. p20.
  3. ^ Lambourne. p22.