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Kutsa Maharishi (pronounced [kʊt̪sə]) is a rishi (sage) credited as the author of multiple Rigvedic hymns. It is said that of the 82 suktas in the Rudram, about 65 are the outpourings of Maharishi Kutsa. It is also stated that Kutsa Maharishi explained the allegories of the first laws of celestial bodies.
That the name of Kutsa is found mentioned in the Vedas in about 40 to 50 contexts shows how the greatness of this Rishi is recognized in the Vedas.Rik Veda 4.16.10 mentions a conversation between Sage VaamadEva and Indra which illustrates how Kutsa and Indra were not only bosom friends but also were 'look-alikes' so much that at one stage IndraNi herself could not differentiate between them. She had to ascertain from the "horse's mouth" of Indra himself!
It would appear that at the request of Kutsa who was the son of one Rajarishi called "Ruru", Indra helped in decimating Ruru's enemies and invited Kutsa to Indraloka to celebrate the victory. It was then that the above incident happened.
There is a Sooktam in Rik Veda 1.106.6 that consists of 7 mantras. Though Kutsa discovered this Sooktam, he took pride in calling it in conjunction with his Achaarya, Aaangirasa as Kutsa: Aangeerasa:
Once, Kutsa fell into a deep well. Indra came running and saved his friend. This is mentioned in Rik Vedam 10.40.6.
The Prokshana Mantram goes as follows "Om Bhoo: Om Bhuvaha: Om Suvaha". It is said that water is a purifier. The water gets the ability to purify anything that it touches. This power is rested upon water through the Prokshana Mantram. The Taittriya Samhita states that the Mantra Drishtas of the above mantra are none other than Atri, Bhrigu & Kutsa Maharishi.
The Veda Vakhya in Taittriya Samhita 2.6.5 attests this fact thus:
- BrahmavaadinO vadantyatbhir haveemshi proukshee: kenaapa iti brahmaNEti brooyaat adbirhyEva haveemshi prOkshati brahmaNaapa:
- This occurs in the aaga prakaraNam in the Vedas as an answer to the question:
- With what do you purify the offerings (havis)??
- By sprinkling water?
- With what do you purify water to be able to impart purity to the havis??
- With mantra?
- What is that mantra??
- Boo: Bhuva: Suvaha: mantra?
Maharishi Kutsa is credited with discovery of the fourth vyahrithi, ‘swvah’ in the prokshana mantra familiar to the daily meditators of the Gayatri Mantra. Such is the love and Grace of His Guru that He gets mentioned before His Guru in the order of saptarishis for this manvantra.
Out of the 82 suktams in the Rig Veda, 65 are attributed to Kutsa. He is seen as a close friend (as well as a look alike) of the Indra, the lord of the celestials. Kalidasa invokes Sage Kutsa in one of the chapters in Raghuvamsa. Tradition says that it was due to the blessings of Kutsa, the Raghu clan – the dynasty of which the crown jewel Rama belongs.