Kuvshinovsky District

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Kuvshinovsky District
Кувшиновский район (Russian)
Tver-oblast-Kuvshinovo.png
Location of Kuvshinovsky District in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 57°05′48″N 34°24′32″E / 57.09667°N 34.40889°E / 57.09667; 34.40889Coordinates: 57°05′48″N 34°24′32″E / 57.09667°N 34.40889°E / 57.09667; 34.40889
Flag of Kuvshinovsky rayon (Tver oblast).png
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2012)
Administrative center town of Kuvshinovo[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 12
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 165
Municipal structure (as of June 2006)
Municipally incorporated as Kuvshinovsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 12
Statistics
Area 1,874 km2 (724 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 15,386 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 65.0%
- Rural 35.0%
Density 8.21/km2 (21.3/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Official website
Kuvshinovsky District on WikiCommons

Kuvshinovsky District (Russian: Кувши́новский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Vyshnevolotsky District in the north, Torzhoksky District in the east, Staritsky District in the south, Selizharovsky District in the southwest, Ostashkovsky District in the west, and with Firovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,874 square kilometers (724 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Kuvshinovo.[1] Population: 15,386 (2010 Census);[5] 17,847 (2002 Census);[8] 20,601 (1989 Census).[9] The population of Kuvshinovo accounts for 65.0% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

Kuvshinovsky District list in the southern part of the Valdai Hills, and the divide between the drainage basins of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caspian Sea runs through the district. The northern part of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Tsna River, a tributary of Lake Mstino in the drainage basin of the Neva and the Baltic Sea. The Tsna itself has its source the district. The rivers in the center and in the south of the district belong to the basin of the Volga. The major part of the district belongs to the basin of the Osuga River, which crosses the district from est to east. The rivers in the southern part of the district drain into the Bolshaya Kosha, which has its source in the district. The Osuga is a right tributary of the Tvertsa, a left tributary of the Volga, whereas the Bolshaya Kosha is a left tributary of the Volga. 76% of the area of the district is occupied by forest.[10]

History[edit]

An abandoned house in the village of Pechnikovo.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanlandia Governorate (since 1710 known as Saint Petersburg Governorate), and in 1727 Novgorod Governorate split off. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates, and the area was transferred to Tver Viceroyalty, which in 1796 was transformed to Tver Governorate. The area was divided between Novotorzhsky (with the center in Torzhok) and Vyshnevolotsky (Vyshny Volochyok) uyezds.

On 1 October 1929, governorates and uyezds were abolished, and Kamensky District with the administrative center in the settlement of Kuvshinovo was established. It belonged to Rzhev Okrug of Western Oblast.[11][12] On August 1, 1930 the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were subordinated directly to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Kamensky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast.[11][13] In 1938, Kuvshinovo was merged with the nearby selo of Kamenka and granted town status.[12] In February 1963, during the abortive administrative reform by Nikita Khrushchev, Novotorzhsky, Likhoslavlsky, and Kamensky Districts were merged into a new district which was called Torzhoksky District. On January 12, 1965 Kuvshinovsky District (which occupied the same area as the former Kamensky District) was re-established.[13] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.[12]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

As of 2010, the paper production was responsible for 92.4% of the total industrial output of the district. Production of electrical equipment, textile, and food was also present.[10] The Kuvshinovo Paper Mill (built in the 19th century by merchant Kuvshinov, hence the name) was producing paper until the 1990s, and then the local timber production stopped, and the mill had to switch to cardboard production.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

A tower in the village of Lukino

The main agricultural specializations of the district are cattle breeding with meat and mils production, as well as crops and potato growing.[10]

Transportation[edit]

A railway line which connects Likhoslavl with Soblago via Torzhok and Selizharovo crosses the area of the district from east to west and passes Kuvshinovo. It is served by infrequent passenger traffic.

A road connecting Torshok with Ostashkov crosses the district from east to west and runs through Kuvshinovo. Another road connects Kuvshinovo with Vyshny Volochyok via Yesenovichi. There are local roads as well, with the bus traffic originating from Kuvshinovo.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Mogilyovskaya Pustyn

The district contains forty cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally twenty-nine objects (three of them in Kuvshinovo) classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federally protected monuments include the ensembles of Borok, Gornitsy, Pryamukhino, and Velemozhye Estates, of the Mogilyovskaya Pustyn monastery, as well as several churches of the 18th and the 19th centuries.[15]

Kuvshinovo has a local museum.[14] Pryamukhino Estate belonged to the Bakunin family. In the estate, Mikhail Bakunin was born. Currently, a museum is open in Pryamukhino.[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 234», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 234, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b Law #4-ZO
  3. ^ Law #33-ZO
  4. ^ a b "Кувшиновский район" (in Russian). Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Паспорт Кувшиновского района Тверской области в сфере АПК" (PDF) (in Russian). ГКУ ТО «Центр развития АПК Тверской области». Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Воробьёв, М. В. (1993). Г. В. Туфанова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Смоленской области (in Russian). Государственный архив Смоленской области. pp. 118–133. 
  12. ^ a b c Малыгин, П. Д.; Смирнов, С. Н. (2007). История административно-территориального деления Тверской Области (PDF). Tver. p. 14-15. ISBN 5-94205-049-7. 
  13. ^ a b Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  14. ^ a b Размахнин, Антон (April 4, 2012). "Кувшиново: 3 составляющих (не)успеха". Pravoslaviye i Mir (in Russian). Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved December 7, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №33-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Кувшиновский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №52-ЗО от 6 июня 2006 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Тверской области, регулирующие вопросы установления границ муниципальных образований Тверской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #33-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Kuvshinovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #52-ZO of June 6, 2006 On Amending Various Laws of Tver Oblast on Regulating the Issues of Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).