||This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2010)|
|Founded||1954 as Kuwait National Airways|
|Hubs||Kuwait International Airport|
|Frequent-flyer program||Oasis Club|
|Airport lounge||Dasman Lounge (Kuwait International Airport)|
|Company slogan||Earning Your Trust|
|Headquarters||Al Farwaniyah Governorate, Kuwait|
|Key people||Sami Al-Nusif (Chairman)|
Kuwait Airways (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية الكويتية Al-Khutout Al-Jawwiya Al-Kuwaitiyah) is the national airline of Kuwait, with its head office on the grounds of Kuwait International Airport, Al Farwaniyah Governorate. It operates scheduled international services throughout the Middle East, to the Indian subcontinent, Europe, Southeast Asia and North America, from its main base at Kuwait International Airport. Kuwait Airways is a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization.
|This article may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards, as section. (December 2010)|
The Kuwait Airways Company was formed in 1954 during a time of rapid prosperity for its nation. Kuwait Airways initially served a limited network of Abadan, Beirut, Damascus and Jerusalem using Douglas DC-3s. In its second year the fledgling carrier was facing economic hardship, and the government of Kuwait took a 50% interest in the airline, subsequently doubling the company's capital. The government later increased its shareholding to 100%.
Kuwait Airways entered the jet age in 1962 by leasing a Comet 4C, a developed version of the world's first jet-engined airliner. In the 1960s, the national carrier rapidly expanded its route network, and scheduled service to London began three times per week. Kuwait Airways was the launch customer for the Hawker Siddeley Trident 1E, the first of three being delivered in March 1966. To keep pace with fast-moving aviation needs, three Boeing 707s were delivered in 1968. Ten years later, Kuwait Airways had a Boeing 707 fleet of eight aircraft.
In 1978, Kuwait Airways entered the wide-body age by taking delivery of its first two B747-200s, adding a third the following year. This expansion permitted Kuwait Airways to extend its network to New York to the west and Manila to the east.
Modernization of the fleet continued, and four Boeing 727 were delivered in 1980-1981. Two years later eight Airbus A310 and Airbus A300-600 were delivered, and in 1986 three Boeing 767-200ER aircraft joined the wide-body fleet.
Following the destruction of its premises and 42 of its aircraft during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the airline was relaunched. Kuwait Airways fleet now comprises three A320-200, three A310-300, five A300-605R, four A340-300 and two Boeing 777-200ER, bringing the fleet to 17 aircraft.
Kuwait Airways aims to re-establish its network to reach more than 47 countries around the globe with a firm commitment to providing the finest service and comfort to passengers while continuing to rank safety as one of highest priorities.
The airline had 5,915 employees in March 2009.
In October 2007, the new CEO pledged that the airline should be privatised in order for it to compete efficiently against other airlines. He says that the airline will encounter difficulty in advancing, especially in fleet renewal, without the privatisation.
Hijackings in the 1980s 
During the Iran–Iraq War, Kuwait Airways was the target of several hijackings. One was at London, England to Karachi, Pakistan flight on December 1, 1984. The flight took off from London-Heathrow making a stop-over in Kuwait before continuing the journey to the final destination in Karachi, Pakistan. During the second part of the flight, two Lebanese Shi'a gunmen diverted the plane to Tehran. The hijackers were armed with guns and explosives and there was gunfire on the plane while it was in flight. The hijackers wanted to take the plane to Lebanon and negotiated the re-fuelling in exchange for all the women and children on the flight. The stand-off took six days but finally Iranian security officers dressed as staff overpowered the hijackers.
In addition to these there was a hijacking on the ground in Beirut in 1982, Captained by Les Bradley enroute to Kuwait from Tripoli via Beirut, this is referenced in Robin Wrights book 'Sacred Rage'. Also a long hijack involving the Iranian Captain of a 747 occurred at a similar time, lasting more than a week.
In April 1988 a Kuwait Airways Boeing 747 was hijacked and diverted to Algiers while on its way to Kuwait from Bangkok. The hijacking lasted 16 days and ended with a Kuwaiti firefighter being killed along with another Kuwaiti military person. This occurred when the plane stopped in Cyprus for two or three days, where the government of Cyprus was not able to save the two persons killed. Then it moved to Algeria where the hijacker's demands were satisfied and where the 110 remaining passengers were released.
Important dates 
- 1954: Kuwait National Airways Company (KNAC) is formed.
- 1955: The company is renamed Kuwait Airways Corporation (KAC) as the government acquires a half interest.
- 1962: The Kuwaiti government buys the remainder of Kuwait Airways Corporation's shares; the first jets enter the fleet.
- 1978: Kuwait Airways Corporation receives its first Boeing 747 jumbo jet.
- 1983: Airbus jets replace Boeings in the short and medium range fleet.
- 1990: Most of Kuwait Airways Corporation's assets are lost in the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait; operations continue from the Cairo base.
- 1995: The Oasis frequent flyer club is introduced.
- 2008: Kuwait Airways Corporation is being restructured in preparation for privatization.
- 2010: Kuwait Airways Corporation is half privatized. Full privatization will occur after the airline's fleet renewal.
- January 2013: Kuwait Airways Corporation is declared a shareholding company by the Kuwaiti Government and by the approval of Kuwait National Assembly.
Corporate affairs and identity 
The Kuwait Airways headquarters is located on the grounds of Kuwait International Airport in Al Farwaniyah Governorate, Kuwait. The 42,000 square metres (450,000 sq ft) head office was built for 15.8 million Kuwaiti dinars (US $ 53.6 million). Ahmadiah Contracting & Trading Co. served as the main contractor. The headquarters, built in 48 months, was constructed from 1992 to 1996. The construction of the head office was the first time that structural glazing for curtain walls was used in the State of Kuwait. The previous headquarters was on the grounds of the airport.
On January 9, 2008 the National Assembly of Kuwait approved the plan to turn Kuwait Airways Corporation (KAC) into a private shareholding company. The plan was approved by 50 Members of Parliament while four MPs voted against the sale. The privatization will now proceed.
Kuwait Investment Authority (KIA) has formed the foundation committee for the privatization of Kuwait Airways Corporation (KAC), the foundation committee started the work immediately after signing the decision, noting that transferring the assets of KAC and its subsidiaries to KIA will take more than four months, thereby KAC will officially become a shareholding company. The most serious challenge facing the committee is transferring the KAC employees, many Kuwaitis do not want to work for KAC once it becomes a shareholding company. The employees will need to be moved to the public sector without affecting their financial privileges according to the law. KIA will restructure KAC and develop it financially and administratively in order sell it at a “good price.”
'Kuwait Airways Company' was declared a shareholding company on the 23rd of October, 2012.
Subsidiaries and alliances 
Kuwait Airways has several subsidiaries that are considered large companies in Kuwait's Market. These companies are going through a similar privatization process as KAC.
- Kuwait Aviation Services Co. (KASCO)
- Automated Systems Co. (ASC, شركة الأنظمـــــة الآلية,الأنظمة) GDS provider since 1989
Kuwait Airways also went into alliances with several airlines to keep up with demand and to continue its operations during the 1990 War.
- Shorouk Air (ceased operation 2003)
- Jet Airways (India)
- Trans World Airlines (began December 1, 1999 with code share between JFK and Chicago to Kuwait City)
- Air India
- Ethiopian Airlines (Star Alliance)
- Etihad Airways
- Saudia (SkyTeam)
- Turkish Airlines (Star Alliance)
The Kuwait Airways fleet includes the following aircraft (as of May 2013), with an average age of 19.4 years:
|Airbus A300-600R||5||0||18||18||196||232||To be phased out. |
|Airbus A310-300||3||0||0||24||174||198||To be phased out.|
|Airbus A320-200||3||10||0||20||110||130||2 will be phased out.|
||Deliveries from 2019 |
||Leased, Deliveries from mid 2013|
||Leased, Deliveries from late 2013|
||Deliveries from 2019|
Kuwait Airways also operate aircraft for official State business. The fleet has a Kuwait Airways inspired livery with State of Kuwait titles, and is composed of one A300-600, one A310-300, one A319, one A320, two A340-500 and one 747-8BBJ.
In May 15, 2013 The Chairman of Kuwait Airways announced in a press conference that the company is to order 10 Airbus A350-900 and 15 Airbus A320neo, Deliveries will start 2019. The deal will also include the delivery of 22 leased airplanes consisting of 10 Airbus A320-200, 2 Airbus A321-200 and 10 Airbus A330-300. Deliveries will start in July. Kuwait Airways also will receive a Boeing 747-400M from The Amiri Diwan which was used by the government of Kuwait. It will be used in high density routes after re-configuring the plane from a VIP configure
In the 1990's when Kuwait Airways has ordered Boeing 747-400's, their second 747 aircraft was nearly complete when the airline decided to cancel the order. The order was then taken by Philippine Airlines and the aircraft was delivered in 1996. This specific 747, now registered as RP-C7475, is still in service with Philippine Airlines and is the only aircraft in the Philippines-based flag carrier with several Arabic signage in the cabin.
Incidents and Accidents 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2011)|
- During 1990 when Iraq invaded Kuwait,10 planes belonging to Kuwait Airways were allegedly stolen and taken to the grounds of Baghdad International Airport and from there they were stored at Mosul International Airport in Iraq. Fearing an air strike in Iraq, Saddam Hussein sent these planes to Iran. Out of 10 planes,4 were completely destroyed and 6 were returned to Kuwait Airways by the Iranians in 1992.
- On April 5, 1988, Kuwait Airways Flight 422 was hijacked from Bangkok to Kuwait with 111 passengers and crew aboard. Three members of the Kuwaiti Royal Family. Six or seven Lebanon men, including Hassan Izzeldine, a veteran of the TWA 847 hijacking armed with guns and hand grenades forced the pilot to land in Mashhad, Iran and demanded the release of 17 Shiite Muslims guerrillas held in Kuwait. Lasting 16 days and traveling 3,200-miles from Mashhad in northeastern Iran to Larnaca, Cyprus, and finally to Algiers, it is the longest skyjacking to date. Two passengers, Abdullah Khalidi, 25, and Khalid Ayoub Bandar, 20, both Kuwaitis, were shot to death by the hijackers and dumped on the tarmac in Cyprus.Kuwait did not release the 17 prisoners, and the hijackers were allowed to leave Algiers.
- On December 3, 1984, a Kuwait Airways flight from Kuwait City to Karachi Pakistan was hijacked by four Lebanese Shi'a hijackers and diverted to Tehran. The hijackers demand was the release of the Kuwait 17, which was not met. During the course of the standoff women, children and Muslims were released and two American officials from the U.S. Agency for International Development, Charles Hegna and William Stanford, were shot dead and dumped on the tarmac. The few dozen passengers left on board, particularly Americans were threatened and tortured. "Every five minutes there was a frightening incident. There was no letup at all," British flight engineer Neil Beeston told the BBC.Paradoxically the hijackers released a statement claiming "We do not have any enmity toward anyone and we do not intend to deny the freedom of anyone or to frighten anyone..." On the sixth day of the drama, Iranian security forces stormed the plane and released the remaining hostages. Authorities said they would be brought to trial, but the hijackers were released and allowed to leave the country. Some passengers and officials suggested complicity by Iran in the hijacking and that the hostage rescue had been staged. One Kuwaiti and two Pakistani passengers claimed that the hijackers received additional weapons and equipment once the plane had landed, including handcuffs and nylon ropes used to tie passengers to their seats. One American official wondered if the surrender was not preplanned: "You do not invite cleaners aboard an airplane after you have planted explosives, promised to blow up the plane, and read your last will and testament." The U.S. State Department announced a $250,000 reward for information leading to the arrests of those involved in the hijacking, but made no military response. Later press reports linked Hezbollah's Imad Mughniyah to the hijackings.
- Kuwait International Airport, Kuwait, 30/6/1966, Hawker Siddeley Trident 1E registration 9K-ACG touched down 3 miles short of the runway. There were no fatalities but the aircraft was written off.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 103.
- Airline need privatisation to advance Flight Global, 31/10/07
- BBC News
- "Kuwait Airways Headquarters." Ahmadiah Contracting & Trading Co. Retrieved on 23 June 2010.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 14–20 March 1990. 100.
- Kuwait Airways to be privatized
- AlWatan Daily source
- Route Map
-  on http://www.planespotters.net/
- Our Fleet
-  on www.alqabas.com.kw
- Photo of Kuwait Airways Airbus A310 on www.airliners.net
-  on www.alqabas.com.kw
-  on www.alqabas.com.kw
-  on www.alqabas.com.kw
-  on www.alqabas.com.kw
-  on www.alqabas.com.kw
-  on www.alwatan.com.kw
- 1988: Hijackers free 25 hostages
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kuwait Airways|