Kuwaiti Navy

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Kuwait Naval Force
Kuwait naval force.jpg
Active 1961 – present
Country  Kuwait
Allegiance Coat of arms of Kuwait.svg
Branch Kuwait Armed Forces
Type Navy & Coast Guard
Size Approx. 2700 personnel
Part of Kuwaiti Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Ras al-Qulayah Naval Base
Nickname Navy & Coast Guard
Motto

الشرف والإخلاص لله والوطن والامير

( Honor & Fidelity to God, Country & The Emir)
Colors Green & Red
Anniversaries National and Liberation Day (25th and 26th February)
Engagements
Decorations Arab and non-Arab Military awards and decorations
Commanders
Commander Cdre Jassim Al Ansari
Vice Commander Cdre Mansoor Al Masaad
La Combattante-class fast-attack-craft Al Fahaheel (P3721) in May 2013

The Kuwaiti navy, or Kuwait Naval Force (Arabic: القوة البحرية الكويتية), is the sea-based component of the Military of Kuwait. The headquarters and sole naval base is Ras al-Qulayah Naval Base, located in the south of Kuwait, approximately 35 miles (56 km) south of Kuwait City. The Kuwait Naval Force numbers consists of over 2,700 officers and enlisted personnel, including approximately 500 coast guard.[1] The Kuwaiti Navy and Coast Guard supersedes the Politics of Kuwait in seniority and is older than the Government of Kuwait, the Constitution of Kuwait and the National Assembly of Kuwait.[2]

History[edit]

Kuwait's Navy was established in 1961[3] shortly after Britain ended the country's protectorate status and Kuwait became fully independent.

During the Invasion of Kuwait, part of the Persian Gulf War, Kuwait's navy was almost completely destroyed.[4][5] At the start of Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, Iraqi forces captured 6 Kuwait missile boats armed with Exocet missiles[6] and Kuwait lost 17 ships of other classes during the war.

The capture of the Exocets raised fears that Iraq might use them against coalition forces during the Gulf War. Iraq did not use them and the captured vessels were all heavily damaged or sunk by coalition forces. During the war, the two Lürssen's that evaded Iraqi capture helped retake Kuwaiti coastal islands and oil platforms.[citation needed]

On 11 November 2008, Kuwait Naval Base was the location of the historic signing of the non-legally binding maritime Khawr Abd Allah Protocols otherwise known as the KAA Protocols. The signing of the KAA Protocols by the then respective heads of the Kuwaiti Naval Force and the Iraqi Navy was the first formal and successful maritime bilateral military agreement for the co-ordinated and de-conflicted use of the Khawr Abd Allah waterway since before the 1991 Persian Gulf War. The protocols were developed and mediated by Major David Hammond RM, a British Royal Navy barrister in 2008 and they were subsequently ratified by both the Kuwaiti and Iraqi governments before the 11 November 2008 signing. They were subsequently reported to the US Congress within the December 2008 'Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq' report and the text of which have since become open source following leaks in US diplomatic notes.[7]

Current[edit]

Major non-NATO Ally of the United States and Global War on Terrorism (2004-present)[edit]

Naval Intervention, Prevention and Sea Deterring Missions[edit]

In the concept of the Arab World, the application of terrorism and the narrowing of security threats is not resumed to countries of citizenships as it may be applied in functioning democratic nations; it is a tribal reality handled at the level of the Bedouin tribes and their birthplace of origin.[8]

Recently, and with the beginning of the Global War on Terrorism (2001- present); the Kuwaiti Navy and Coast Guard plays a monumental role force preventing major internal and external sea and coastal terrorist attacks and crises attempting to launch deterrence for civilian maritime vessels entering and exiting Kuwaiti waters.[9]

These internal and foreign sea coastal based threats are the result of the difference between proud Bedouin tribes sticking to their origins respectfully and serving the Government of Kuwait admirably while other Bedouin tribes are claiming a state of statelessness in their respective country of housing.[10]

Stateless Bedouin tribes also not from Kuwait attempt to infiltrate the country from Iraq, Iran, Syria, Yemen, Jordan and Saudi Arabia; mainly via land and sea. Stateless Bedouin tribes infiltrating the country from across the region link up with parenting local tribes claiming statelessness in the host country in order to attempt to compromise the security of the targeted country.[11]

Such internal differences is witnessed across the Arab world and in countries bordering applicable tribal effects. In Kuwait, such a paradox, is seen rioting unjustifiably challenging the legitimacy of the Military of Kuwait; specially, rioting against military of the Kuwaiti Ministry of Interior; the Government of Kuwait and its leadership while claiming the enacting of inapplicable democracy when only Bedouin tribal chiefdom would govern; even with an educated, and sophisticated youth.[12]

Such a changing claim is also witnessed in other Arab countries housing major Bedouin tribes. The experts label this change as the main catalyst behind the governing Arab Spring across the Arab World; a chaos that will most likely bring forth an unfitted and inexperienced tribe to power which would eventually be toppled by the rivalry of another. This primarily, due to the inapplicability of democracy through political parties in tribal Arab constitutionalized countries and where majority rule and loyalty always favors and serves the interest of origin of the tribe before that of a local serving government.[13]

Stateless Bedouin tribal geopolitical turmoil has surfaced in the region and in Kuwait; declared one of fifteen major non-NATO allies of the United States by US President George W Bush following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks.[14][15]

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier along with the quest of identifying the remains of missing Kuwaiti civilians and Kuwaiti POWs are the pinnacle corps missions that represent the essence of the State of Kuwait.

Present Fleet[edit]

Personnel year 2008: 2,700 (includes 500 coast guard)

  • 1 TNC-45 fast attack craft (Al Snbouk class) - 255 tons full load - 4 MM-40 SSM - commissioned 1984
  • 8 Combattante BR-42 fast attack craft (Umm Al Maradem class) - 245 tons full load - 4 Sea Skua SSM - commissioned 1999-2000
  • 1 FPB 57 fast attack craft (Al Estqlaal class) - 410 tons full load - 4 MM-40 SSM - commissioned 1983
  • 1 support ship (Durrar class)
  • 15 RHIB (Rigid Inflatable Boat) Special Operations Patrol Boats 2 x .50 Cal, 10 meters.
  • 10 Sea Ark Special Operations Patrol Boats 4 x .50cal. 11 meters. 5 additional boats on order.
  • 2 Harbour Tugs.
  • 1 LCM Landing Craft
  • 1 HSV (Hydrographic Support Vessel)
  • 6 (of 10) Mk 5 Fast Patrol Craft

Future ships[edit]

  • 1 DSV (Diving Support Vessel)

Landing craft order, the programme for Kuwait involves the supply of two 64m landing craft, one 42m landing craft and five 16m composite landing craft. All will be built at ADSB’s facilities in the Mussafah industrial area(UAE)[16]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Naval forces: over 2,700 people (including 500 in coastguard)
  2. ^ [1], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  3. ^ "Kuwait - Regional and National Security Considerations". Country Studies. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  4. ^ "?". CNN. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Kuwait Navy". 
  6. ^ "Saddam's Navy". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  7. ^ "09KUWAIT465: PROTOCOLS ASSIST IRAQI AND KUWAITI NAVIES IN". 
  8. ^ [2], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  9. ^ [3], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  10. ^ [4], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  11. ^ [5], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  12. ^ [6], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  13. ^ [7], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  14. ^ [8], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  15. ^ Pike, John. "U.S. Designates Kuwait a Major Non-NATO Ally of U.S". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  16. ^ http://www.ihs.com/events/exhibitions/idex-2013/news/feb-21/Landing-craft-success-in-Kuwait.aspx

References[edit]

External links[edit]