Kuzguncuk

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For the village in Datça, see Datça.
Kuzguncuk
Neighborhood
Kuzguncuk is located in Istanbul
Kuzguncuk
Kuzguncuk
Coordinates: 41°02′12″N 29°01′47″E / 41.03667°N 29.02972°E / 41.03667; 29.02972Coordinates: 41°02′12″N 29°01′47″E / 41.03667°N 29.02972°E / 41.03667; 29.02972
Country  Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Istanbul
District Üsküdar
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 34674
Area code 0-216
Greek Orthodox Church in Kuzguncuk
Surp Krikor Lusavoriç Armenian Church in Kuzguncuk
Üryanizade Mosque and the Bosphorus in Kuzguncuk

Kuzguncuk is a neighborhood in the Üsküdar district on the Asian side of the Bosphorus in Istanbul, Turkey. The neighborhood is centered on a valley opening to the Bosphorus and is somewhat isolated from the main part of the city, being surrounded by nature preserves, cemeteries, and a military installation. It is a quiet neighborhood with streets lined with antique wooden houses.

Kuzguncuk is bordered on the north by Beylerbeyi, on the east by Burhaniye, on the south by İcadiye and Sultantepe, and on the west by the Bosphorus. On the other side of the Bosphorus is Beşiktaş. The Otoyol 1 O-1 highway separates the neighborhood from Burhaniye.

History[edit]

The word kuzguncuk means "little raven" or "barred window of a prison door" in Turkish. The name is said to have come from a holy person named Kuzgun Baba, who lived in the area during the time of Sultan Mehmet II[1] or from the corruption of a previous name, Kozinitza.[2]

During Byzantine times, this area may have been called Khrysokeramos (Hrisokeramos), meaning "golden tile," because of a church here with a gilded roof.[3] Around 553, Narses had a church built here dedicated to the Virgin Mary.[4]

Jews, who were expelled from Spain and Portugal, began settling in the Ottoman Empire in the late 15th century. As voluntary immigrants, they had more freedom concerning their place of residence, and many left the traditional Jewish quarters of Istanbul such as Balat for villages along the Bosphorus such as Kuzguncuk. The earliest evidence of Jewish presence in the neighborhood is a tombstone dated 1562.[5]

Armenians began settling in Kuzguncuk in the 18th century and had become a sizable group by the 19th century. Ottoman records show an 1834 request that their nighttime religious services be allowed to continue without interference. In 1835, their first church was built.[6]

After the establishment of Israel, the Jewish population, once sizable in Kuzguncuk, decreased rapidly.

The riots of 1955 caused the emigration of many members of Istanbul's minority groups, including Kuzguncuk's Greeks and Armenians. There are very few non-Muslims left today. This exodus opened up cheap housing to immigrants from Anatolia, changing the ethnic composition of Istanbul's neighborhoods. Most of the new residents of Kuzguncuk came from the Black Sea Region.[7] By the end of the 20th century, 15% of neighborhood residents were from İnebolu, 15% from Rize, 10% from Trabzon, 10% from Tokat, 10% from Kars, and 10% from Sivas.[8]

The police station in Kuzguncuk was moved due to low crime statistics.[citation needed]

Religious sites[edit]

There are currently two synagogues in Kuzguncuk: Bet Yaakov Synagogue (built 1878) and Bet Nissim Synagogue (built in the 1840s).[9] The Nakkaştepe Jewish Cemetery is also in Kuzguncuk.

Churches of Kuzguncuk include Surp Krikor Lusavoriç (Saint Gregory the Illuminator) Armenian Church (first built 1835, rebuilt 1861),[10] Ayios Yorgios (Saint George) Greek Orthodox Church,[11] Ayios Panteleimon (Saint Pantaleon) Greek Orthodox Church,[12] and Ayios Ioannis (Saint John) Greek Orthodox Sanctuary (an ayazma or holy spring).[11]

There was no mosque in the center of the neighborhood until 1952, when the Kuzguncuk Mosque was built in the courtyard of the Armenian church (with building funds that included donations from the Armenian congregation).[13] The Üryanizade Mosque along the shore on the northern edge of the neighborhood was built as a mescit (small mosque) in 1860.[14]

Film set[edit]

The place with its historical mansions, churches, synagogues and mosques, cobblestone paved streets, plane trees and vegetable gardens, attracts film makers as a natural film set. Since the shooting of the popular TV comedy series Perihan Abla in the mid 1990s, Kuzguncuk became a favorite film set for several other TV series and commercials. The residents, however, are not pleased with the continuous discomfort caused by the shootings day and night.[15][16][17][18]

Restaurants[edit]

Kuzguncuk is popular for its seafood restaurants. Ismet Baba Fish Restaurant[19] and Kosinitza Restaurant[20] are two to name a few.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ayverdi, page 387.
  2. ^ Hürel, page 216.
  3. ^ Eyice, page 51; nonetheless, Eyice notes that some scholars locate Khrysokeramos in Çubuklu in Beykoz.
  4. ^ Eyice, page 51.
  5. ^ Rozen, pages 19, 49, 61.
  6. ^ Tabakoğlu, page 166.
  7. ^ Houston, page 18.
  8. ^ Houston, page 19, note 4.
  9. ^ Türkiye Hahambaşılığı.
  10. ^ Tuğlacı, pages 169-171.
  11. ^ a b Ecumenical Patriarchate. Holy Metropolises.
  12. ^ Ecumenical Patriarchate. Church of Saint Panteleimon.
  13. ^ Houston, page 18, note 2.
  14. ^ Üsküdar Belediyesi. Cemil Molla.
  15. ^ Ercan.
  16. ^ Houston, page 25.
  17. ^ Internet Movie Database.
  18. ^ Saat, Orhan (2007-11-25). "Kuzguncuk semttir set değil". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  19. ^ Özbey, Savaş (2002-11-15). "İşte Türkiye'nin en iyi balık lokantaları". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  20. ^ Erbil, Deniz (2008-01-12). "Sıcak ortamlarda yemenin tadı başka". Sabah (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  21. ^ a b c "İstanbul Yazıları-Kuzguncuk". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 1999-05-24. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  22. ^ "Can Yücel yarın Kuzguncuk'ta anılacak". Habertürk (in Turkish). 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  23. ^ Erdoğan, Esra (2011-07-03). "Üçüncü Kuzguncuk müdafaası". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-01-20. 

External links[edit]