Kvæfjord

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Kvæfjord kommune
Giehtavuotna
Municipality
Gapoey.JPG
Coat of arms of Kvæfjord kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Kvæfjord kommune
Troms within
Norway
Kvæfjord within Troms
Kvæfjord within Troms
Coordinates: 68°42′7″N 16°8′49″E / 68.70194°N 16.14694°E / 68.70194; 16.14694Coordinates: 68°42′7″N 16°8′49″E / 68.70194°N 16.14694°E / 68.70194; 16.14694
Country Norway
County Troms
District Central Hålogaland
Administrative centre Borkenes
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Torbjørn Larsen (Ap)
Area
 • Total 512.75 km2 (197.97 sq mi)
 • Land 497.59 km2 (192.12 sq mi)
 • Water 15.16 km2 (5.85 sq mi)
Area rank 205 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,025
 • Rank 266 in Norway
 • Density 6.1/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -4.0 %
Demonym Kvæfjerding[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1911
Official language form Neutral
Website www.kvafjord.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Kvæfjord (Northern Sami: Giehtavuotna) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Central Hålogaland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Borkenes. Other villages include Hundstad, Langvassbukta, and Revsnes.

Together with Harstad, the two municipalities cover a large part of the island of Hinnøya in the southern part of the Troms county. Kvæfjord consists mostly of mountains and fjords. The municipality centers on the Kvæfjorden and Gullesfjorden.

Kvæfjord is also where the Norwegian national cake originally comes from.

General information[edit]

Kvæfjord map

Kvæfjord was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 25 October 1956, a part of Kvæfjord (population: 32) was transferred to neighboring Trondenes municipality. On 1 January 2000, the part of Kvæfjord that surrounded the Godfjorden (population: 102) was transferred from Kvæfjord to Sortland municipality (in neighboring Nordland county).[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the fjord (Old Norse: Kviðjufjǫrðr). The first element is the genitive case of the name of the island Kviðja (now Kvæøya) and the last element is fjǫrðr which means "fjord". The name of the island is maybe derived from the word kviðr which means "belly" or "stomach". Prior to 1889, the name was spelled Kvædfjord.[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 4 April 1986. The arms show a strawberry plant. The main source of income in the municipality is agriculture and it is also the northernmost village in Norway where strawberries can grow.[4]

See also: Coat-of-arms of Norddal

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Kvæfjord. It is part of the Trondenes deanery in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Kvæfjord
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Kvæfjord Kvæfjord Church Borkenes 1867
Langvassbukt Chapel Langvassbukta 1981

Economy[edit]

Kvæfjord landscape

The municipality is known for agriculture and farming. The quality of the strawberries is famous. The long hours of daylight, combined with relatively low summer temperatures, make the strawberries more tasteful than berries grown in warmer climates.

A large institution for the mentally handicapped was once located in Kvæfjord. It employed a large number of health workers.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located on Hinnøya island and it is split by three smaller branches of the large Andfjorden: Gullesfjorden, Kvæfjorden, and Godfjorden. The island of Kvæøya is located in the middle of the Kvæfjorden, across from Borkenes.

The landscape of today was largely formed during the last ice age. When the ice retreated, the terrain rose by 50 metres (164 ft). It is in this belt of old seabed that today's best farm land is located. There are four county roads connecting the municipality: two to the north and one each to the east and south. The 412-metre (1,352 ft) tall mountain Nupen is located in the northern part of the municipality on the border with Harstad.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Borkenes, Kvæfjord
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
1.6
(34.9)
4.3
(39.7)
9.0
(48.2)
13.3
(55.9)
15.6
(60.1)
15.0
(59)
10.8
(51.4)
6.4
(43.5)
2.3
(36.1)
0.4
(32.7)
6.5
(43.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.8
(27)
−2.5
(27.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
1.9
(35.4)
6.4
(43.5)
10.2
(50.4)
12.6
(54.7)
12.1
(53.8)
8.3
(46.9)
4.3
(39.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.0
(39.2)
Average low °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−5.0
(23)
−3.6
(25.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.1
(37.6)
7.2
(45)
9.7
(49.5)
9.0
(48.2)
5.6
(42.1)
1.9
(35.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.3
(34.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 81
(3.19)
74
(2.91)
59
(2.32)
47
(1.85)
33
(1.3)
40
(1.57)
51
(2.01)
56
(2.2)
82
(3.23)
109
(4.29)
94
(3.7)
94
(3.7)
820
(32.28)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 12.6 12.4 10.6 9.9 7.9 9.2 11.0 11.6 14.3 16.3 13.9 15.0 144.7
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 1. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  5. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]