Kvalsund within Finnmark
|• Mayor (2011)||Ragnar Olsen (Ap)|
|• Total||1,844.09 km2 (712.01 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,739.28 km2 (671.54 sq mi)|
|• Water||104.81 km2 (40.47 sq mi)|
|Area rank||37 in Norway|
|• Total||1,051 (from last year)|
|• Rank||397 in Norway|
|• Density||0.57/km2 (1.5/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-3.8 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-2017|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
Since 2011, the mayor of Kvalsund is Ragnar Olsen, who represents the Labour Party.
The municipality of Kvalsund was established on 1 July 1869 when it was separated from the Hammerfest landdistrikt (the rural municipality surrounding the city of Hammerfest). Initially, Kvalsund had 514 residents. On 1 January 1963, a small area in southern Måsøy (population: 34) was transferred to Kvalsund.
The Old Norse form of the name was Hvalsund. The first element is hvalr which means "whale" and the last element is sund which means "strait" or "sound". The Sámi name also translates to Whale (fáles) Strait (nuorri).
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 27 March 1987. The arms show three silver-colored salmon arranged in a pall on a blue background. The salmon represents fishing in various forms: as a traditional way of living and source of income, as modern fish farming, and as a recreational activity.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
The municipality is mostly located on the mainland, but parts of the municipality are also located on the islands of Kvaløya and Seiland. The Seilandsjøkelen glacier is partially located in Kvalsund. Lakes in the municipality include Bjørnstadvatnet and Doggejávri.
The main village is also called Kvalsund, but was earlier called Finnbyen - a name meaning simply "Coast Sámi settlement". The Sámi name is Ráhkkerávju, which is untranslatable. Other villages in the municipality include Skáidi ("rivers' meeting-place" in Sámi), Stállugárgu ("troll beach", commonly written Stallogargo in Norwegian), Næverfjord old writing and pronounced (dialect), written form today Neverfjord (bokmål) - the Sámi name of which is Návvuotna - and Kokelv (Sámi: Guoikejohka). Regarding the latter toponyms, the Næverfjord translates to "tinder fjord" and Návvuotna to "cowshed fjord"; while Kokelv is "boiling river" in Norwegian and Guiokejohka means "rushing river" in Sámi.
Until a few hundred years ago, Coast Sámi culture was completely dominant in Kvalsund. Norwegian and Kven immigration soon made the area multicultural. During Norwegianization much of the traditional culture was lost. Kokelv is the village that has most successfully preserved elements of Sámi culture, and today has a Coast Sámi museum. The gakti of the Kvalsund region is easily recognizable by dots and jags on the collars (for men) and sleeves (for women).
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 138.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-11.
- "Kommunevåpen". Flags of the World. 28 June 2002. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
- Media related to Kvalsund at Wikimedia Commons