Kvinnherad

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Kvinnherad kommune
Municipality
View of the Husnes area
View of the Husnes area
Coat of arms of Kvinnherad kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Kvinnherad kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Kvinnherad within Hordaland
Kvinnherad within Hordaland
Coordinates: 59°55′41″N 06°02′13″E / 59.92806°N 6.03694°E / 59.92806; 6.03694Coordinates: 59°55′41″N 06°02′13″E / 59.92806°N 6.03694°E / 59.92806; 6.03694
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Sunnhordland
Administrative centre Rosendal
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Synnøve Solbakken (Ap)
Area
 • Total 1,090.73 km2 (421.13 sq mi)
 • Land 1,043.67 km2 (402.96 sq mi)
 • Water 47.06 km2 (18.17 sq mi)
Area rank 94 in Norway
Population (2015)
 • Total 13,234
 • Rank 88 in Norway
 • Density 12.7/km2 (33/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 0.9 %
Demonym Kvinnhering[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1224
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.kvinnherad.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Kvinnherad is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sunnhordland, along the Hardangerfjorden. The municipality is the 5th in size in Hordaland county.[2]

The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Rosendal. The largest village is Husnes, with about 6,000 people living in or near the village. Other villages include Ænes, Åkra, Dimmelsvik, Eidsvik, Hatlestrand, Herøysund, Høylandsbygd, Ølve, Sæbøvik, Sundal, Sunde, Uskedal, and Valen.

In the southern part of Kvinnherad you will find the typical fjord landscape of western Norway. The areas of Mauranger and Rosendal are said to have about the most beautiful fjord landscape of Hardanger as a whole: narrow fjords, wild water-falls, and the nearby Folgefonna, the third biggest glacier in Norway.[2]

General information[edit]

Map of Kvinnherad (before 2013)
View of the Sæbøvik area
View of the Halsnøy Abbey
The 13th century Ænes Church

The parish of Qvindherred was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1907, a small area northwest of the villages of Ølve and Husa (population: 67) was transferred from neighboring Tysnes municipality to Kvinnherad. On 1 January 1965, there was a major municipal merger that took place as a result of the work of the Schei Committee. The following areas were merged into one large municipality of Kvinnherad:[3]

On 1 January 2013, the southwestern part of the Folgefonna peninsula (south of Kysnesstranda) was transferred from Kvinnherad to the neighboring Jondal municipality. This removed forty residents and 37.1 square kilometres (14.3 sq mi) of land area from the municipality.[4]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Kvinnaherað. The first element may be derived from the word tvinnr which means "double" (referring to the two rivers running through Rosendal, the administrative centre of the municipality). The last element is herað which means "district" or "municipality". The municipality name has been spelled several ways throughout history. Before 1889, the name was written "Quindherred", then from 1889-1917 it was "Kvinnherred", and since 1918 it has been spelled "Kvinnherad".[5]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 18 June 1982. The arms show the confluence of two blue rivers into one on a white or silver background. The rivers symbolize the many streams and rivers in the municipality, especially the Hattebergselvi and the Melselvi, that come together just before they run into the sea at Rosendal.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has nine parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Kvinnherad. It is part of the Sunnhordland deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Kvinnherad
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Fjelberg og Eid Eid Church Eidsvik 1824
Fjelberg Church Fjelbergøya 1722
Hatlestrand Hatlestrand Church Hatlestrand 1885
Husnes og Holmedal Holmedal Church Utåker 1815
Husnes Church Husnes 1874
Valen Church Valen 1978
Kvinnherad Kvinnherad Church Rosendal c. 1250
Uskedalen Uskedalen Church Uskedal 1914
Varaldsøy Varaldsøy Church Varaldsøy 1885
Ænes Ænes Church Ænes c. 1200
Ølve Ølve Church Ølve 1861
Åkra Åkra Church Åkra 1735

Economy[edit]

The economy of Kvinnherad is based on the rich water resources within its boundaries. This includes power production, aluminium production (Sør-Norge Aluminium), fish farming, shipbuilding (Eidsvik Skipsbyggeri, Hellesøy Verft, Bergen Group Halsnøy), and lifeboat production (Umoe Schat-Harding, Norsafe, Eide Marine Tech, Noreq). These industries are spread throughout the municipality.

Kvinnherad has two local newspapers, Kvinnheringen and Grenda, as well as a local TV channel, TV Sydvest.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 5,638 —    
1960 5,514 −2.2%
1970 11,811 +114.2%
1980 12,821 +8.6%
1990 13,121 +2.3%
2000 13,196 +0.6%
2010 13,187 −0.1%
2015 13,234 +0.4%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Kvinnherad, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Kvinnherad is made up of 35 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Kvinnherad Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 9
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 5
  Conservative Party Høgre 11
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 3
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 3
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 1
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
  Local Lists Lokale lister 1
Total number of members: 35

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located along the large Hardangerfjorden, mostly on the southeast side of the fjord on the Folgefonna peninsula, but also a small part on the other side. It includes several notable islands in the fjord including Varaldsøy, Fjelbergøya, Borgundøya, and Halsnøya.[2]

The large Folgefonna National Park, which surrounds the Folgefonna glacier, is partially located in Kvinnherad. The northern part of the municipality is often referred to as Mauranger. It is the area surrounding the Maurangsfjorden. The notable Bondhusbreen glacier is located just south of that fjord, near the village of Sundal. The Jondal Tunnel and Folgefonna Tunnel both connect Mauranger with neighboring Odda and Jondal by cutting through the large mountains surrounding Mauranger.[2]

The municipality has many large lakes including Blådalsvatnet, Juklavatnet, and Onarheimsvatnet. Many of these lakes are utilized for hydroelectric power generation.

Tourism and places of interest[edit]

Kvinnherad is a popular tourist location because of its natural landscape as well as several places of interest. The most notable of which include Kvinnherad Church, the Bondhusbreen glacier, the shipping mural in Høylandsbygd, and Radiohola. Rosendal, the administrative centre of the municipality, is the site of the greatest tourist attraction in Kvinnherad: the Barony Rosendal. The Barony is the only one of its kind in Norway. It is a museum, which offers valuable information about the Union with Denmark, an important period of Norwegian history.[2]

Media gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Store norske leksikon. "Kvinnherad" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2015-03-30. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Olsen, Kjartan Wang (2011-12-08). "Jondal overtar Kvinnherad-bygder" (in Norwegian). Hardanger folkeblad. Retrieved 2014-06-21. 
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1910). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (11 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 16. 
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2015-03-30. 
  7. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. 

External links[edit]