Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

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Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi
KNUST Seal
Arms of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Motto Nyansapɔ wɔsane no badwenma[1]
Motto in English The knot of wisdom is untied only by the wise[1]
Established 1952[2]
Type Public
Chairman Paul Victor Obeng
Chancellor Otumfuo Osei Tutu II,[3] (Asantehene)
Vice-Chancellor Professor William Otoo Ellis[4]
Undergraduates 21,285
Postgraduates 2,306
Location Kumasi, Ashanti Region, Ghana
06°41′5.67″N 01°34′13.87″W / 6.6849083°N 1.5705194°W / 6.6849083; -1.5705194
Campus Suburban area
Colours
                                 
Lust, black, Forest green and yellow
                   
Affiliations [[Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology#Affiliated institutions[17]|See below]]
Website www.knust.edu.gh
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) logo.jpg

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology is a university in Kumasi, Ghana. It is the second public university established in the country. The university has its roots in the plans of the Asantehene Agyeman Prempeh I to establish a university in Kumasi as part of his drive towards modernization of his kingdom. This plan never came to fruition due to the clash between British empire expansion and the desire for King Prempeh I to preserve his kingdom's independence.

However, his younger brother and successor, King Agyeman Prempeh II, upon ascending to the Golden Stool in 1935, continued with this vision. Events in the Gold Coast in the 1940s played into his hands. First there was the establishment of the University College of the Gold Coast. Second there were the 1948 riots and the consequent Watson Commission report which recommended that a university of sciences be established in Kumasi. Thus, in 1949, the dream of the Prempehs became a reality when building started on what was to be called the Kumasi College of Technology.

The Kumasi College of Technology offered admission to its first students to the engineering faculty in 1951 (they entered in 1952), and an Act of Parliament gave the university its legal basis as the Kumasi College of Technology in 1952. The nucleus of the college was formed from 200 teacher training students transferred from Achimota in the Greater Accra Region. The college was affiliated to the University of London. In 1961, the college was granted full university status.[5]

The main university campus, which is about seven square miles in area, is about eight miles (13 km) to the east of Kumasi, the Ashanti Regional capital.[6]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, the first President of the Republic of Ghana

The Kumasi College of Technology opened officially on 22 January 1952 with 200 teacher training students transferred from Achimota, to form the nucleus of the new college. In October 1952, the School of Engineering and the Department of Commerce were established and the first students were admitted. A Pharmacy Department was established in January 1953, with the transfer of the former School of Pharmacy from Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, to the college. The department ran a two-year comprehensive course in Pharmacy leading to the award of the Pharmacy Board Certificate. A Department of Agriculture was opened in the same year to provide ad hoc courses of varying duration, from a few terms to three years, for the Ministry of Agriculture. A Department of General Studies was instituted to prepare students for the Higher School Certificate Examinations in Science and Arts subjects and to give instruction in subjects as requested by the other departments.

From 1952 to 1955, the School of Engineering prepared students for professional qualifications only. In 1955, the school embarked on courses leading to the University of London Bachelor of Engineering External Degree Examinations.

In 1957, the School of Architecture, Town Planning and Building was inaugurated. Its first students were admitted in January 1958, for professional courses. As the college expanded, it was decided to make the Kumasi College of Technology a purely science and technology institution. In pursuit of this policy, the Teacher Training College, with the exception of the Art School, was transferred in January 1958, to the Winneba Training College; in 1959 the Commerce Department was transferred to Achimota to form the nucleus of the present School of Administration of the University of Ghana, Legon.

In December 1960, the Government of Ghana appointed a University Commission to advise it on the development of university education, in connection with the proposal to transform the University College of Ghana and the Kumasi College of Technology into an independent University of Ghana. Following the report of the commission which came out early 1961, the government decided to establish two independent universities in Kumasi and Legon, Accra. The Kumasi College of Technology was thus transformed, under the supervision of R. P. Baffour, into a full-fledged University Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology by an Act of Parliament on 22 August 1961. The name honors Kwame Nkrumah, the first prime minister and later president of Ghana.

The name was changed to University of Science and Technology after the Revolution of 24 February 1966. The University of Science and Technology was officially inaugurated on Wednesday, 20 November 1961. However, another act of Parliament (Act 559 of 1998) changed the name back to its original version, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi.[2]

Organization and administration[edit]

Principal officers[edit]

The main entrance of the KNUST, Kumasi and the Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park with a statue of the first president of the Republic of Ghana and the founder of the university with five smaller figures in national attire playing drums

The principal officers of the university are the chancellor, chairman of the University Council and vice-chancellor. As of 2011, the position of chancellor was held by the Asantehene Otumfuo Osei Tutu II.

Governing body[edit]

Governance is carried out by the University Council, primarily through the Academic Board which is responsible for:

  • formulating and carrying out the academic policy of the university;
  • devising and regulating the courses of instruction and study, and supervising research;
  • regulating the conduct of examinations and the award of degrees, diplomas and certificates;
  • advising the University Council on the admission of students and the award of scholarships;
  • reporting on such matters as may be referred to it by the University Council.

Student participation in university administration[edit]

Students participate in the administration of the university through their representatives serving on the University Council, Academic Board, the Welfare Services Board, Faculty and Departmental Boards, Residence Committee, Library Committee and on the Hall Councils.[7]

Collegiate system[edit]

College of Engineering, KNUST auditorium

The KNUST has, since January 2005, transformed from its previous centralized system of administration into a decentralized collegiate system. Under this system, the faculties have been condensed into six colleges.

The university had been administered on the faculty-based system. This led to administrative difficulties as new faculties and institutes were created to meet the ever-growing academic pursuits of students. To solve this problem, a collegiate system was officially adopted on 29 November 2004. On 5 April 2005, the pioneering provosts were inducted and invested into office at the Great Hall of the KNUST.

The colleges are semi-autonomous, which means that they are given the power to largely run on their own without much dependence on the central administration for financial support. A college registrar, finance officer and librarian assist the provosts. Under them are the faculties, centres and institutes, headed by deans and directors. As heads of the colleges, the provosts provide academic and administrative leadership for the colleges and oversee their overall running.[8]

Campus[edit]

Student accommodation[edit]

Halls of residence[edit]

There are six halls of residence at the Kumasi Campus. Each is administered by a hall council consisting of senior and junior members. The executive head is the hall master who is assisted by a senior tutor. There is a hall bursar and other supporting staff.[9]

  • Africa Hall is the only all-female hall in the university. It was first occupied by students on 14 October 1967. Members of the hall are known as "Domites". A majority of the female senior members are assigned to Africa as Fellows. "Dome" has 192 inhabitable rooms and the student population is about 514.[9]
  • Independence Hall was officially opened in February 1959 to commemorate the attainment of Ghana's independence on 6 March 1957. It was the first permanent hall of residence. Women were admitted to the hall for the first time in 1991. Members are known as "Spartans".[9]
  • Queen's Hall was named in honour of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain and was officially opened in November 1959 by the Duke of Edinburgh. The Queen later visited the hall in 1961 during her state visit to Ghana. It is co-educational and houses a student population of 840 with 294 rooms. Members of Queen Elizabeth II Hall are usually known as "Royals".[9]
  • Republic Hall which is nicknamed Akukɔ Repo is a mixed hall with about 850 local and international students. It was named Republic to commemorate Ghana's attainment of a Republic Status in 1960. It was officially opened in 1961. Women were admitted to the hall for the first time in 1991. It has 198 rooms in the main hall, 96 in the annex block. Residents of Republic Hall are known as "Moguls"[9]
  • Unity Hall is the largest hall in West Africa with an original accommodation capacity of 448 rooms and presently has 36 extra flats. It is an all-male hall with facilities nicknamed "The Twin Towers". Members are known as "Continentals" The student population is over 1000.Unity Hall is the gateway to KNUST. The hall welcomed its first batch of students on 16 October 1968.Unity hall is the superpowers of KNUST. The hall is popularly known as "Conti"[9]
  • University Hall was named to commemorate the accession of the Kumasi College of Technology to full university status on 22 August 1961. It is all male.The main hall has 198 rooms excluding flats, and the annex has 95 rooms. It is popularly known as "Katanga". [9]

Hostels for continuing students[edit]

About 60% of the student population is non-resident. There are private hostels around the campus and in Kumasi for students who, as a result of the limited facilities/rooms, could not be admitted as resident students.[10]

There are facilities on campus where non-resident students can rest between lectures and study before they leave for their homes and hostels.

In January 2014, the top floor of the Crystal Rose Hostel[11] caught fire whilst most students were on vacation. The cause of the fire is still not known.[12]

International students[edit]

There is an international student association which sees to the interest of foreign students such as accommodation and taking first years around campus.

Academics[edit]

The Peace Pole was erected on the campus of the university on 21 September 2007 on the International Day of Peace. The pole is made of a 105-year-old sapele tree which used to stand in the university's botanical garden. The pole is 16.7 m (55 feet) tall. Indigenous symbols have been carved on it in five languages (Twi—a local language in Ghana, Hindi, Chinese, Swahili, and Arabic). The peace prayer on the pole says "May peace be upon Earth"

From the 2010/11 academic year some of the colleges operate a two-tier system, while others maintain their three-tier system.

Colleges under the three-tier system (Provost/Dean/Head of Department):

College of Agriculture and Natural Resources[edit]

  • Faculty of Agriculture
  • Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources
  • Faculty of Forest Resources Technology (Sunyani)
  • Department of Ecotourism and Forest Recreation
  • Department of Land Reclamation and Rehabilitation
  • Department of Social Forestry
  • Department of Wood Processing and Marketing

College of Health Sciences[edit]

  • Faculty of Allied Health Sciences
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Department of Nursing
  • Department of Sonography
  • Department of Sports and Excercise Science

College of Art and Social Sciences[edit]

  • Centre for Cultural and African Studies
  • Faculty of Art
  • Department of Communication Design
  • Department of General Art Studies
  • Department of Industrial Art
  • Department of Integrated Rural Art and Industry
  • Department of Painting and Sculpture
  • Department of Publishing Studies
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of English
  • Department of Geography and Rural Development
  • Department of History and Political Studies
  • Department of Modern Languages
  • Department of Religious Studies
  • Department of Sociology and Social Work
  • School of Business

Colleges under the two-tier system (Provos/Head of Department):

College of Architecture and Planning[edit]

  • Department of Architecture
  • Department of Building Technology
  • Department of Land Economy
  • Department of Planning
  • Centre for Settlements Studies
  • Centre for Land Studies

College of Engineering[edit]

College of Science[edit]

Institute of Distance Learning[edit]

In the year 2005, the KNUST adopted distance learning as a viable complement to the conventional face-to-face system of education. This decision was made to offer opportunity for people to pursue academic programmes with the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, while still on full-time employment.[8][14]

In October, 2007, the Academic Board changed the status of the Faculty of Distance Learning to the Institute of Distance Learning.[8]

Library and digital resources[edit]

The KNUST Library provides information in electronic and print formats to staff and students mainly to support teaching, learning and research in science and technology for national development. It is a depository library for all materials published in Ghana and for international institutions and organisations like the World Bank and other United Nations Agencies.[15]

Digital services are available through the Open Educational Resource (OER) as well as the DSpace repository.

  • The Open Educational Resources (OER)[16] component of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology fosters collaboration around curricula, course materials, and content; generates connections between disciplines, teachers, and learners; and inspires use of educational materials in a more effective way.[17]
  • KNUST Online Repository[18] is the university's digital repository. Data for the repository is still being added on to.

Affiliated institutions[19][edit]

Research centres[edit]

  • Bureau of Integrated Research and Development
  • Centre for Biodiversity Utilisation and Development (CBUD)
  • Centre for Cultural and African Studies
  • Centre for Human Studies
  • Dairy/Beef Research Station
  • Kumasi Center For Collaborative Research
  • National Centre for Mathematical Sciences
  • The Energy Center

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Emblem". Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  2. ^ a b "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology - Our History". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  3. ^ "Otumfuo Osei Tutu II - Chancellor". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  4. ^ "Professor William Otoo Ellis - Vice Chancellor". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2010-10-12. 
  5. ^ G. F. Daniel (17 April 1998). "THE UNIVERSITIES IN GHANA". Development of University Education in Ghana. University of Ghana. Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  6. ^ "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, KUMASI". Universities. Universities of Ghana Overseas Office. Retrieved 2007-03-11. 
  7. ^ "KNUST Students' Representative Council". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  8. ^ a b c The Vice-chancellor's Report, Kumasi: University Press - KNUST, June 2009 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology - Halls of Residence". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  10. ^ "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology - Hostel Tips for students". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  11. ^ "Investigations begin into KNUST hostel fire". graphic.com.gh. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Fire engulfs KNUST hostel". www.myjoyonline.com. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "KNUST - Faculty of Law". Official Website. KNUST Faculty of Law. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  14. ^ "KNUST Inaugrates Faculty of Distance Learning - modernghana.com/regional news". Modern Ghana Media Communication Limited. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  15. ^ "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology - Library". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  16. ^ "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology - Open Educational Resources (OER)". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  17. ^ "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology - Digital Library Services". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  18. ^ "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology - Oniline Repository (KNUST DPSACE)". Official Website. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  19. ^ Institutions affiliated to KNUST

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 06°41′5.67″N 01°34′13.87″W / 6.6849083°N 1.5705194°W / 6.6849083; -1.5705194