Perth Seawater Desalination Plant

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Perth Seawater Desalination Plant
Perth Seawater Desalination Plant is located in Western Australia
Perth Seawater Desalination Plant
Location within Western Australia
Desalination plant
Location Kwinana, Western Australia
Coordinates 32°12′12″S 115°46′24″E / 32.203310°S 115.773282°E / -32.203310; 115.773282Coordinates: 32°12′12″S 115°46′24″E / 32.203310°S 115.773282°E / -32.203310; 115.773282
Estimated output 144 megalitres per day
Extended output 250 megalitres per day
Cost A$387 million
Energy usage 180 GWh/year
Energy generation offset Emu Downs Wind Farm
Technology Reverse Osmosis
Percent of water supply 17% of Perth
Operation date November 2006 (November 2006)

The Kwinana Desalination Plant, located south of Perth, Western Australia, turns seawater from Cockburn Sound into nearly 140 megalitres of drinking water per day, supplying the Perth metropolitan area.[1]

The reverse-osmosis plant was the first of its kind in Australia and covers several acres in an industrial park near the suburb of Kwinana.[2] Electricity for the plant is generated by the 80 MW Emu Downs Wind Farm located in the state's Midwest region near Cervantes. The wind farm contributes 270 GWh/year into the general power grid, offsetting the 180 GWh/year requirement from the desalination plant.[3]

The desalination plant, with 12 SWRO trains with a capacity of 160 megalitres per day and six BWRO trains delivering a final product of 144 megalitres per day, will have one of the world’s lowest specific energy consumptions, due in part to the use of pressure exchanger energy recovery devices supplied by Energy Recovery Inc.. The devices are isobaric chamber types which recover energy in the brine stream and deliver it to water going to the membrane feed at a net transfer efficiency at up to 98%.

As a condition of its continued operation the Perth plant has a comprehensive environmental monitoring program, measuring the seawater intake and brine outfall.[4]

Excess water from the plant is stored in the hills dams.

In early 2008, the plant was shut down on two occasions due to reduced dissolved oxygen levels in Cockburn Sound.[5]

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