Kyakhta Russian–Chinese Pidgin

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Region Russian–Chinese border
Extinct early 20th century
  • Kyakhta
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog kjac1234[1]

Kyakhta Russian–Chinese Pidgin was a contact language (specifically a pidgin) used by Russian and Chinese traders to communicate during the 18th-early 20th century. The pidgin owes its name to the town of Kyakhta, a Russian town on the border with the Qing Empire's Outer Mongolia, which for more than a century after its foundation in 1728 was the most important border trading point.[2]

In Russian it is known as Кяхтинский язык Kjahtinskij jazyk (Kyakhtian language), in Chinese 中俄混合語 (中俄混合语) zhōng'ěhùnhéyŭ (Chinese–Russian mixed language).


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kjachta Pidgin". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies (1996). Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas, Volume 2, Part 1. (Volume 13 of Trends in Linguistics, Documentation Series).. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 911–912. ISBN 3-11-013417-9. 

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